Chaumont, Haute-Marne

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Chaumont
The Chaumont viaduct
The Chaumont viaduct
Coat of arms of Chaumont
Coat of arms
Location of Chaumont
Chaumont is located in France
Chaumont
Chaumont
Chaumont is located in Grand Est
Chaumont
Chaumont
Coordinates: 48°06′42″N 5°08′20″E / 48.1117°N 5.1389°E / 48.1117; 5.1389Coordinates: 48°06′42″N 5°08′20″E / 48.1117°N 5.1389°E / 48.1117; 5.1389
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentHaute-Marne
ArrondissementChaumont
CantonChaumont-1, 2 and 3
IntercommunalityAgglomération de Chaumont
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Christine Guillemy[1]
Area
1
55.26 km2 (21.34 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
21,990
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
52121 /52000
Elevation247–416 m (810–1,365 ft)
(avg. 314 m or 1,030 ft)
Websiteville-chaumont.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Chaumont (IPA: [ʃomɔ̃]) is a commune of France, and the capital (or préfecture) of the Haute-Marne department. As of 2013, it has a population of 23,011.

The city stands on the river Marne and is situated on the railway linking Paris and Basel, which runs over a 52 m (171 ft) tall and 600 m (2,000 ft) long viaduct built in 1856.

History[edit]

Town hall

Historically the seat of the Counts of Bassigny and later of Champagne, Chaumont was the venue of an offensive treaty against Napoleon I signed by the United Kingdom, Austria, Prussia, and Russia in 1814. Chaumont was bombed in 1940 and 1944 during World War II. From 1951 to 1967, the United States Air Force under NATO operated the Chaumont-Semoutiers Air Base on the outskirts of the city.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 5,253—    
1800 6,188+2.37%
1806 6,102−0.23%
1821 5,487−0.71%
1831 5,965+0.84%
1836 6,318+1.16%
1841 6,347+0.09%
1846 6,243−0.33%
1851 6,374+0.42%
1856 9,263+7.76%
1861 7,673−3.70%
1866 8,285+1.55%
1872 8,500+0.43%
1876 9,226+2.07%
1881 12,160+5.68%
1886 12,852+1.11%
1891 13,280+0.66%
1896 13,428+0.22%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 14,622+1.72%
1906 14,872+0.34%
1911 14,870−0.00%
1921 16,210+0.87%
1926 15,178−1.31%
1931 15,941+0.99%
1936 18,069+2.54%
1946 16,851−0.70%
1954 19,346+1.74%
1962 21,717+1.46%
1968 25,779+2.90%
1975 27,226+0.78%
1982 27,554+0.17%
1990 27,041−0.23%
1999 25,996−0.44%
2007 24,321−0.83%
2012 22,678−1.39%
2017 21,945−0.65%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

Notable people[edit]

Sport[edit]

The Chaumont Volley-Ball 52, is a volleyball club playing in Pro A (volleyball), created in 1996. The club became champion of France in Ligue A during the 2016–2017 season. She twice finished second in 2017-2018 and 2018–2019 seasons. On 2 April 2017, for the first time in its history, the CVB52 became a finalist in the 2016–17 CEV Challenge Cup. On 7 October 2017 in Mulhouse, the CVB52HM won a second title by becoming champion of the French Supercup. The club also participated in the CEV Champions League and CEV Cup.

The Chaumont FC, is a football club, created in 1957. Which spent 16 seasons in the second division (Ligue 2) under the name of E.C.A.C. She finished second in the 1971 season.

ECAC Rugby Chaumont, created in 1968. Playing in the 1st Grand-Est Series for the 2018–2019 season. The club finished second in the Burgundy Championship 2nd series 2018 and second in the Grand-Est Championship 2nd series 2019.

The Chaumont Handball 52 or ECAC Chaumont Handball, created in 1963. Playing in the National 2 women's season since 2018–2019.

ECAC Basket Chaumont, created in 1946. Playing in Regional Championship 2.

The Phénix de Chaumont, is an American football club playing in the Grand-Est Regional Challenge, finalist of the 2018 Grand-Est Regional Challenge championship.

La Chaumontaise Gymnastique, is a gymnastics club founded in 1883 under the name of "Gymnastics and Shooting Society"; it is also the oldest association in the town of Chaumont.

The Tomb Raiders of Chaumont, is a Roller in-line hockey and hockey club.

The Vélo Club Chaumontais is a cycling club created in 1923. The association is one of the oldest in the city.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Chaumont (Haute-Marne) vieille ville

Chaumont is twinned with:[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Chaumont, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ "Principales données". ville-chaumont.fr (in French). Chaumont. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Owasso Welcomes Students from Chaumont, France". owassoisms.com. Owassoisms. 3 February 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2021.

External links[edit]