Chaunsa

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Mangifera 'Chaunsa'
Chaunsa.JPG
GenusMangifera
SpeciesMangifera indica
Cultivar'Multan'
OriginMultan

'Chaunsa' (Urdu: چونسا ; Hindi: चौंसा), also known as 'chausa', is a named mango cultivar from South Asia. It is grown mainly in Pakistan and some parts of India; both countries export significant quantities of the fruit.[1][2]

This variety of mango was originally made popular by Sher Shah Suri throughout the Indian subcontinent. While commemorating his victory over Humayun at Chausa in Bihar, he gave his favorite mango the name chaunsa.[3][4][1] Today Rahim Yar Khan and Multan in Pakistani Punjab are centers of chaunsa cultivation and export.[1]

Description[edit]

The fruit has a golden-yellow color when it is soft, is almost fiberless, and has an aromatic, pleasant, sweet flavor. Commonly available varieties in Pakistan are greenish-yellow. The unique taste and richness in its flavor makes it a worldwide favorite. Some consider it the best mango in terms of its rich aroma, sweet taste, juicy pulp and high nutritional value.[5] Chaunsas have higher vitamin C content than other mango cultivars.[6]

Chaunsa season in India and Pakistan normally starts at the beginning of June and ends in the third week of August. It is heavily exported to the Middle East, Europe, Canada, and most recently to the United States. Prior to its availability in the U.S., some American chaunsa aficionados would travel to Canada in order to legally purchase the mango.[7][8] There are three known types of chaunsa mangoes: Honey Chaunsa, Sweet Chaunsa, and White Chaunsa. White Chaunsa is considered best for export due to its longer shelf life.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Service, Tribune News. "Pakistani 'chaunsa' a hit with mango lovers". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Mango sales dip due to COVID-19 lockdown in Uttar Pradesh". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  3. ^ Chaunsa Mango. dostpakistan.pk.
  4. ^ "Mangoes: 15 famous mango varieties in India and how to identify them". The Times of India. 5 May 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2015-11-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Siddiq, Muhammad; Brecht, Jeffrey K.; Sidhu, Jiwan S. (5 June 2017). Handbook of Mango Fruit: Production, Postharvest Science, Processing Technology and Nutrition. John Wiley & Sons. p. 221. ISBN 978-1-119-01438-6.
  7. ^ "Americans flock to Toronto to buy coveted Pakistani mango". thestar.com. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  8. ^ http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2011-07-30/features/chi-pakistani-mangoes-they-arrive-in-chicago-20110730_1_indian-mangoes-indian-alphonso-swetal-patel