Chaunsa

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Mangifera 'Chaunsa'
Chaunsa.JPG
GenusMangifera
SpeciesMangifera indica
Cultivar'Multan'
OriginMultan
'Chaunsa' mango (sliced)

Chaunsa (Urdu: چونسا ; Hindi: चौंसा), also known as chausa, is a mango cultivar indigenous to South Asia. It is grown mainly in Pakistan and some parts of India; both countries export significant quantities of the fruit.[1][2]

The main centers of chaunsa cultivation are Rahim Yar Khan and Multan in Pakistani Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh in India.

Etymology[edit]

The chaunsa variety of mango was made popular by the Indian ruler Sher Shah Suri while commemorating his victory over Humayun at Chausa, Bihar. Suri ultimately named his favorite mango "chaunsa" to honor his victory.[3][4][1] The mango was also known as the Ghazipuriya mango due to its early large-scale cultivation in Ghazipur.[5]

Description[edit]

'Chaunsa' mango

The fruit has a golden-yellow color when it is soft, is almost fiberless, and has an aromatic, pleasant, sweet flavor. Commonly available varieties in Pakistan are greenish-yellow. The unique taste and richness in its flavor makes it a worldwide favorite. Some consider it the best mango in terms of its rich aroma, sweet taste, juicy pulp and high nutritional value.[6] Chaunsas have higher vitamin C content than other mango cultivars.[7]

Chaunsa season in India and Pakistan normally starts at the beginning of June and ends in the third week of August. It is heavily exported to the Middle East, Europe, Canada, and most recently to the United States. Prior to its availability in the U.S., some American chaunsa aficionados would travel to Canada in order to legally purchase the mango.[8][9] There are four known types of chaunsa mangoes: Mosami Chaunsa (Summer Bahisht), Kala Chaunsa (Black), Safaid chaunsa (White) and Azeem Chaunsa (Rattewala). White chaunsa is generally considered ideal for exports due to its longer shelf life.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Service, Tribune News. "Pakistani 'chaunsa' a hit with mango lovers". Tribuneindia News Service. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Mango sales dip due to COVID-19 lockdown in Uttar Pradesh". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  3. ^ Chaunsa Mango. dostpakistan.pk.
  4. ^ "Mangoes: 15 famous mango varieties in India and how to identify them". The Times of India. 5 May 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  5. ^ """Orissa and bihar Shahabad District gazetteer""".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2015-11-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Siddiq, Muhammad; Brecht, Jeffrey K.; Sidhu, Jiwan S. (5 June 2017). Handbook of Mango Fruit: Production, Postharvest Science, Processing Technology and Nutrition. John Wiley & Sons. p. 221. ISBN 978-1-119-01438-6.
  8. ^ "Americans flock to Toronto to buy coveted Pakistani mango". The Toronto Star. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Pakistani mangoes hit Chicago and the U.S."