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Chauri Chaura is situated at State Highway between Gorakhpur and Deoria, 30.5 kilometres (19.0 mi). from Gorakhpur. It has a railway station which is 25 km. south-east of the Gorakhpur railway junction. Prior to abolition of zamindari the village was held by Sikh zamindars of Dumri
Chauri Chaura came into prominence in 1922 when its inhabitants whole-heartedly participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement started by Gandhi and was scene of the infamous Chauri Chaura incident, when, after the police had shot and killed several demonstrators, a police chowki (station) was set on fire by a mob of angry citizens, killing 22 policemen inside.