Chausa hoard

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Rishabhadeva, Bronze from Chausa, Bihar
Rishabhadeva, Bronze from Chausa, Bihar

The Chausa hoard, thus named after the place of discovery: Chausa or Chausagarh is located in the Buxar district of Bihar state, India. This was the first known bronze hoard discovered in the Gangetic valley and consists of a set of 18 Jain bronzes.[1] The oldest of such bronzes to be found in India, experts date them between the Shunga and the Gupta period, (from 2nd BC to the 6th Century AD).

The hoard includes a Dharmachakra showing Dharmachakra supported by two yakshis supported by makaras; a kalpavriksha and sixteen tirthankaras.[2] Among the tirthankaras, those of Rishabha are easily identified by the locks of hair.[3] The bronzes currently reside in the Patna museum.

Other well-known hoards of Jain bronzes include Akota Bronzes, found in Gujarat; Hansi bronzes, found in Haryana; and Aluara bronzes, found in Bihar.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Framing the Jina : Narratives of Icons and Idols in Jain History: Narratives ... By John Cort, Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 42
  2. ^ Jaina Iconography By Umakant Premanand Shah, Abhinav Publications, 1987
  3. ^ Indian bronze masterpieces: the great tradition : specially published for the Festival of India, Karl J. Khandalavala, Asharani Mathur, Sonya Singh, p.56
  • Huntington, Susan; The art of Ancient India: Buddhist, Hindu, Jain
  • Buddhapada