Chautauqua County, Kansas

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Not to be confused with Chautauqua, Kansas.
Chautauqua County, Kansas
County
Map of Kansas highlighting Chautauqua County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 25, 1875
Named for Chautauqua County, New York
Seat Sedan
Largest city Sedan
Area
 • Total 645 sq mi (1,671 km2)
 • Land 639 sq mi (1,655 km2)
 • Water 5.9 sq mi (15 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 3,669
 • Density 5.7/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website chautauquacountyks.com

Coordinates: 37°09′N 96°14′W / 37.150°N 96.233°W / 37.150; -96.233

Chautauqua County (county code CQ) is a county located in Southeast Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 3,669.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Sedan.[2] Chautauqua County is named for Chautauqua County, New York, the birthplace of Edward Jaquins, a Kansas politician who was instrumental in getting the county established.[3]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. Chautauqua County was created by an act of the Kansas legislature on June 1, 1875 by the division of Howard County into Elk County (the northern half) and Chautauqua County (the southern half). At the time of its creation, the county's population was about 7,400.[citation needed]

The first white settlers in the area that became Chautauqua County arrived in July 1868.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 645 square miles (1,670 km2), of which 639 square miles (1,660 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Sources: National Atlas,[5] U.S. Census Bureau[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 11,072
1890 12,297 11.1%
1900 11,804 −4.0%
1910 11,429 −3.2%
1920 11,598 1.5%
1930 10,352 −10.7%
1940 9,233 −10.8%
1950 7,376 −20.1%
1960 5,956 −19.3%
1970 4,642 −22.1%
1980 5,016 8.1%
1990 4,407 −12.1%
2000 4,359 −1.1%
2010 3,669 −15.8%
Est. 2015 3,402 [7] −7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[12] there were 4,359 people, 1,796 households, and 1,235 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,169 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.83% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 3.58% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.35% of the population.

There were 1,796 households out of which 26.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 29.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 20.90% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 24.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,717, and the median income for a family was $33,871. Males had a median income of $25,083 versus $21,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,280. About 9.00% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Chautauqua County remained a prohibition, or "dry", county, until 2008' when a county wide ballot measure was approved to allow individual liquor sales with a 30 percent food requirement[13]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Chautauqua County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Boston (no longer exists)[14]
  • Cloverdale
  • Grafton
  • Hale
  • Hewins
  • Jonesburg (originally spelled Jonesburgh)[15]
  • Layton (no longer exists)[16]
  • Leeds (no longer exists)
  • Lowe (Gibbs)
  • Matanzas (no longer exists)[17]
  • Monett
  • Moore (no longer exists)
  • Osro (no longer exists)
  • Rogers
  • Wauneta

Townships[edit]

Chautauqua County is divided into twelve townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Belleville 05575 675 4 (11) 155 (60) 0 (0) 0.14% 37°3′50″N 96°7′48″W / 37.06389°N 96.13000°W / 37.06389; -96.13000
Caneyville 10425 88 1 (2) 144 (55) 1 (0) 0.38% 37°15′23″N 96°27′27″W / 37.25639°N 96.45750°W / 37.25639; -96.45750
Center 11575 75 1 (1) 144 (56) 1 (0) 0.80% 37°15′28″N 96°18′31″W / 37.25778°N 96.30861°W / 37.25778; -96.30861
Harrison 30275 114 1 (2) 142 (55) 0 (0) 0.14% 37°4′3″N 96°26′32″W / 37.06750°N 96.44222°W / 37.06750; -96.44222
Hendricks 31300 179 1 (3) 142 (55) 0 (0) 0.05% 37°1′12″N 96°18′42″W / 37.02000°N 96.31167°W / 37.02000; -96.31167
Jefferson 35125 Cedar Vale 834 6 (15) 144 (56) 1 (0) 0.45% 37°6′45″N 96°29′12″W / 37.11250°N 96.48667°W / 37.11250; -96.48667
Lafayette 37650 65 0 (1) 154 (59) 2 (1) 1.40% 37°15′36″N 96°10′20″W / 37.26000°N 96.17222°W / 37.26000; -96.17222
Little Caney 41525 353 3 (8) 117 (45) 0 (0) 0.31% 37°3′51″N 96°1′5″W / 37.06417°N 96.01806°W / 37.06417; -96.01806
Salt Creek 62775 123 1 (3) 127 (49) 0 (0) 0.34% 37°15′13″N 96°1′34″W / 37.25361°N 96.02611°W / 37.25361; -96.02611
Sedan 63775 Sedan 1,660 13 (34) 128 (49) 1 (0) 0.65% 37°7′50″N 96°11′6″W / 37.13056°N 96.18500°W / 37.13056; -96.18500
Summit 69025 106 1 (2) 144 (56) 1 (0) 0.40% 37°8′17″N 96°19′53″W / 37.13806°N 96.33139°W / 37.13806; -96.33139
Washington 75550 87 1 (2) 121 (47) 1 (0) 0.71% 37°7′41″N 96°0′52″W / 37.12806°N 96.01444°W / 37.12806; -96.01444
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Chautauqua County, Kansas". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ National Atlas
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  7. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  14. ^ Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. pp. 250–251. ISBN 0-8061-0994-7. 
  15. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  16. ^ Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 493. ISBN 0-8061-0994-7. 
  17. ^ Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 96. ISBN 0-8061-0994-7. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps