View from Stow, New York towards Bemus Point
|Location||Chautauqua County, New York|
|Primary inflows||Big Inlet|
|Primary outflows||Chadakoin River|
|Catchment area||180 sq mi (470 km2)|
|Basin countries||United States|
|Max. length||17 mi (27 km)|
|Max. width||2 mi (3.2 km)|
|Surface area||13,000 acres (5,300 ha)|
|Max. depth||78 ft (24 m)|
|Shore length1||41 mi (66 km)|
|Surface elevation||1,308 ft (399 m)|
|1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.|
Chautauqua Lake is located entirely within Chautauqua County, New York, United States. The lake is approximately 17 miles (27 km) long and two miles (3.2 km) wide at its greatest width. The surface area is approximately 13,000 acres (53 km2). The maximum depth is about 78 feet (24 m). The shoreline is about 41.1 miles (66 km) of which all but 2.6 mi (4 km) are privately owned.
The lake's name comes from the now-extinct Erie language. Because the Erie people were defeated in the Beaver Wars before a comprehensive study of their language could be made, its meaning remains unknown and a source of speculation, with two longstanding folk translations being “bag tied in the middle” and “place where fish are taken out,” the latter having some support based on similar words in other Iroquoian languages. A Seneca legend, dating at least to the days of Seneca diplomat John Cornplanter Abeel, attests to the Chautauqua having a reputation as a "place of easy death."
While the lake has a similar geologic structure (a very long, narrow valley) to the Finger Lakes in the east, it is not considered one of the Finger Lakes. Chautauqua Lake runs perpendicular to the westernmost of those lakes (much like an opposable thumb), lies in a different watershed, and was likely formed by a different process.
The water from the lake drains to the south, emptying first into the Chadakoin River in Jamestown, New York before traveling east into Cassadaga Creek and Conewango Creek, south into the Allegheny River in Warren, Pennsylvania and the Ohio River in Pittsburgh, instead of moving north into the Great Lakes. Chautauqua Creek and Little Chautauqua Creek have their headwaters near the lake, but flow north into lake Erie. The drainage divide was spanned by Pierre-Joseph Céloron de Blainville in his 1749 Ohio River expedition that started from Montreal, and the town of Celoron at the southern end of the lake is named for him. The lake's drainage area is about 180 square miles (470 km2).
Also at the southern end of the lake is the City of Jamestown while the Village of Mayville is located at the northern end. Other communities located on the lake are Bemus Point, Maple Springs, Lakewood and Chautauqua, the site of the influential Chautauqua Institution founded in 1874. There are many other settlements located on the lake, including Fluvanna, Greenhurst, Dewittville, Stow, and Ashville Bay.
Tourism and recreation
The lake is used primarily for recreation, such as boating and fishing, and tourism. The majority of tourists flock to the Chautauqua Institution, which contains a wide variety of stores and restaurants and is home to live music entertainment and many public lectures during the summer months. Chautauqua Lake is known for its muskellunge fishing and sailing. There are two very popular boating locations on the lake, "Sandy Bottoms", and Long Point State Park, located near Maple Springs. On busy, warm weekends, it is not uncommon to see nearly 100 boats in this area of the lake. Every fourth of July, fireworks are launched from communities around the lake.
There is one bridge that connects the opposite sides of the lake, the Veterans Memorial Bridge (also known as the Chautauqua Lake Bridge). The structure was completed on October 30, 1982 and joins Bemus Point to Stow on I-86 (at the time known as Route 17). Prior to the construction of the bridge, the only means for cars to cross the lake was facilitated by the Bemus Point-Stow ferry, a nine car cable guided ferry, which still operates during the summer months and has become more of a tourist attraction. The cost of the ferry ride is free, though a donation is appreciated, and it is operated by the Sea Lion Project Ltd.
The Summer Wind, The Village Casino, and The Italian Fishermen are additional attractions on the lake during the summer months. Visitors can schedule a lake tour or dinner cruise on The Summer Wind, a floating leisure shuttle departs from Celoron at the southern end of the lake. Bemus Point offers The Village Casino, a restaurant and bar that can easily be reached by boat. Boaters are able to park at the Casino's dock where waitresses will serve them from their location. This establishment also has historical value in the area and offers nightlife on the lake. (Contrary to its name, the Casino does not offer gambling.) The Italian Fishermen, also in Bemus Point, offers fine dining and a floating stage during the summer with live bands and events scheduled at various times throughout the warm season.
In popular culture
Chautauqua Lake is mentioned in at least one episode of I Love Lucy. Lucille Ball (a native of nearby Celoron, New York), playing the role of Lucy Ricardo, finds a stuffed and mounted fish in a trunk in her attic and recalls that Ricky caught it at Chautauqua Lake, and was so thrilled that he had mounted and kept it.
Chautauqua Lake is of major significance in the novel Wish You Were Here by Stewart O'Nan, published in 2002. The German translation of the title was Abschied von Chautauqua, which means "A Farewell from Chautauqua".
- "Stories behind names of many familiar places". Olean Times Herald. February 7, 2016. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
- John Phillips Downs; Fenwick Y Hedley (1921). History of Chautauqua County, New York, and Its People. American Historical Society. p. 11. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
- "Chautauqua Lake". New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved February 20, 2016.
- "About Us". Chautauqua Belle. Fare Harbour. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
- For further information, see Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Center and SaveLucyDesiCenter.org Archived 2008-08-18 at the Wayback Machine.
- NYS Department of Environmental Conservation: Fishing Chautauqua Lake
- Town of Busti: History of Chautauqua Lake
- French and Indian War timeline, including the central role of Chautauqua Lake