Chavusy

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Chavusy

Чавусы
Town
Flag of Chavusy
Flag
Coat of Arms of Chavusy
Coat of arms
Chavusy is located in Belarus
Chavusy
Chavusy
Location in Belarus
Coordinates: 53°48′27″N 30°58′17″E / 53.80750°N 30.97139°E / 53.80750; 30.97139Coordinates: 53°48′27″N 30°58′17″E / 53.80750°N 30.97139°E / 53.80750; 30.97139
Country Belarus
VoblastMahilyow
RaionChavusy Raion
Population
(2009)
 • Total10,692
Train station in Chausy

Chaussy, Chavusy or Chausy (Belarusian: Чавусы; Polish: Czausy; Russian: Чаусы; Łacinka: Čavusy) is a town in the eastern Belarusian voblast of Mogilev. Chavusy serves as an administrative center of Chavusy Raion. As of 2009, its population was 10,692.[1]

It once was a substantial Jewish shtetl, which dated from the 17th century, as appears from a charter granted to the Jews January 11, 1667, by Michał Kazimierz Pac, castellan of Wilno, and confirmed by King Augustus III of Poland. March 9, 1739.

In 1780, at the time of a visit of Catherine II, there was a Jewish population of 355, in 1,057; and the town possessed one synagogue. In 1803 the Jewish population was 453, in 1,185; in 1870 it was 2,433, in 4,167; and in 1897, 2,775, in about 6,000. Some of the Jewish artisans were employed in the tanneries and in silk and woolen factories. The Jewish population in the district of Chaussy (including the town) in 1897 was 7,444, or 8.42 per cent of the total population.

Chaussy was occupied during World War II by the Germans beginning in July 1941.[2] Though a portion of the Jewish population was able to escape before the Germans arrived, the remaining Jews were registered, marked and subjected to forced labor under the German occupation. The first 2 round-ups of Jew occurred in August 1941, in which approximately 50 Jews were killed.[3] Overall, approximately 675 Jews were executed in Chaussy.[4]. In 1952-53, thanks to funds collected from the relatives of victims, the remains of the vicitms were reburied at the Jewish cemetery. A total of 127 bags of remains were reburied, and the first memorial was erected in 1958, which was later replaced by a second one.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Численность населения областей и районов: Могилевская (PDF) (in Russian). Национальный статистический комитет Республики Беларусь. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  2. ^ "Чаусы". Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  3. ^ "Чаусы". Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  4. ^ "Execution Sites of Jewish Victims Investigated by Yahad-In Unum". Yahad Interactive Map. Retrieved 6 January 2015.

External links[edit]