Chayyim (Hebrew: חַיִּים Ḥayyīm, Classical Hebrew: [ħajˈjiːm], Israeli Hebrew: [ˈχa.im, ħaˈjim]), also transcribed Haim, Hayim, Chayim, or Chaim (English pronunciations: // HYME, // KHYME, // KHAH-yeem), is a name of Hebrew origin which means "life". Its first usage can be traced to the Middle Ages. It is a popular name among Jewish people. The feminine form for this name is Chaya (Hebrew: חַיָּה Ḥayyah, Classical Hebrew: [ħajˈjaː], Israeli Hebrew: [ˈχaja, ħaˈja]; English pronunciations: // HAH-yah, // KHAH-yah).
Chai is the Hebrew word for "alive". According to Kaballah, the name Hayim helps the person to remain healthy, and people were known to add Hayim as their second name to improve their health. (Among Serbians, the name "Vuk", meaning "wolf", as well as Idir ("he will live") among Kabyles, was for similar reasons given to weak and ill infants.) The Latin name Vivianus, the origin of the modern Vivian, is ultimately related to the adjective vivus "alive" – though the derivation might be more indirect than with the Hebrew name.
In the United States, Chaim is a common spelling; however, since the phonemic pattern is unusual for English words, Hayim is often used as an alternative spelling. The "ch" spelling comes from transliteration of the Hebrew letter "chet", which also starts words like Chanukah, Channa, etc., which can also be spelled as Hanukah and Hannah. It is cognate to the Arabic word حياة (ḥayāh), with the same meaning, deriving from the same Proto-Semitic root.
L'Chaim in Hebrew is a toast meaning "to life". When a couple becomes engaged, they get together with friends and family to celebrate. Since they drink l'chaim ("to life"), the celebration is also called a l'chaim.
Hebrew letters are also used as numerals, and the Hebrew letters that spell "chai" also stand for the number 18. Thus, 18 is considered a lucky number in Jewish culture. It is common to give gifts and contributions to charity in multiples of 18.
Hayim is a non-governmental organization that works on a voluntary basis to provide relief and support for pediatric oncology patients in Israel.
People named Haim
Notable people with the name include:
- Chaim Arlosoroff (1899–1933), Zionist politician
- Aaron ben Hayyim (fl. 1836), Russian exegete
- Aharon Ibn Hayyim (1545–1632), Biblical and Talmudic commentator
- Alana (born 1991), Danielle (born 1989), and Este Haim (born 1986), members of the American band HAIM.
- Chaim Hezekiah Medini the Sdei Chemed – Famed Talmudic Scolar and halachist
- Chaim Herzog (1918–1997) Israeli president
- Chaim ibn Attar the Or Hachaim
- Chaim Koppelman (1920–2009), American printmaker
- Chaim Palagi (Palachi) Famed Torah Scholar
- Chaim Potok (1929–2002), American Jewish author
- Chaim Leib Shmuelevitz Mirrer Rosh HaYeshiva
- Chaim Raber, President of Raber Glove Mfg.
- Chaim Topol (born 1935), Israeli actor
- Chaim Weizmann (1874–1952) Israeli president
- Corey Haim (1971–2010), Canadian actor
- David Bar-Hayim (born 1960), Israeli rabbi
- Emmanuelle Haïm (born 1967), French harpsichordist and conductor
- Gene Simmons (born 1949 as Chaim Witz), Israeli-American co-founder of Kiss
- Haym Solomon Primary financier of the American Revolution
- Haim Revivo, retired Israeli footballer
- Haim (band): Alana Haim, Danielle Haim, Este Haim
- H.M. Wynant (born 1927 as Haim Weiner), American actor
- Hayyim Tyrer (died 1813), rabbi
- Karima Mathilda Haim or Mathilda May (born 1965), French actress
- Mordechai "Moti" Haim, Former Israeli footballer, father of the band members of HAIM.
- Ofir Haim (born 1975), Israeli football player
- Paul Ben-Haim (1897–1984), Israeli composer
- Philippe Haïm (born 1967), French film director, writer and composer
- Nahshon Even-Chaim or Phoenix (born 1971), Australian computer hacker
- Haim Saban (born 1944), Israeli-American media mogul
- Salim Haim (1919–1983), Iraqi dermatologist
- Solayman Haïm (1887–1970), Iranian lexicographer, translator, playwright and essayist
- Stephanie Haim (born 1991), Australian football player
- Tal Ben Haim (born 1982), Israeli footballer
- Tal Ben Haim (born 1989), Israeli footballer
- Werner Haim (born 1968), Austrian ski jumper
- Yehuda Ben-Haim (1955–2012), Israeli boxer
- Yehoyada Haim (born 1941), Israeli diplomat
- Yosef Hayyim (1832–1909), Sephardic Rabbi
- Ze'ev Ben-Haim (born 1907), Israeli linguist
- Zemah ben Hayyim (fl. 889–895), Gaon of Sura
- Zigi Ben-Haim (born 1945), American-Israeli sculptor and painter
- Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Chayyim". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- Mike Campbell. "Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Chaya". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
- Bruce W. Frier, Thomas A. J. McGinn, Thomas A. McGinn, A Casebook on Roman Family Law, Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 477.