Chaza

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Chaza
Chaza.jpg
A Chaza match at Nariño Department
Nicknames Tenis Pastuso (Pastuso Tennis)
First played 15th century
Characteristics
Contact No
Team members 4 players each team
Type Racquet sport
Equipment ball, racquet
Venue Outdoor
Presence
Country or region Colombia and Ecuador
Olympic No
Paralympic No
Some people playing Chaza in Puerres Colombia

The Chaza,[1] pelota nacional, or national ball,[2] is a Colombian racquet sport, (like tennis), which is practiced on a rectangular area bounded by lines. This area is divided by a line drawn on the floor that divides the playing field. It is played between two teams, each with 4 players. The object of the game is to launch a ball (called "bombo") by hand or racquet so that it bounces into the opponent's field without being returned.

It is an old sport, created before the fifteenth century, by Precolombian people. The sport is widely practiced in Nariño, Colombia, and is the national sport of Ecuador.[3]

History[edit]

Chaza was created in the 14th century by indigenous communities who inhabited the area that is currently on the border of Colombia and Ecuador. In the beginning it was played with a heavy leather ball, which was thrown by hand.

Game Rules[edit]

Bombo (racket) for Chaza

This game can be played with hands or with a wooden racquet, The ball is lined with goatskin and called a "bombo" weighing 70-90 grams.[4]

Ball for chaza

As in volleyball, players rotate, which is why the field has a line (6 on each side) indicating which position each should play.

Points are scored as for tennis, i.e., 15, 30, 40 and the point. When a team gets 6 points and maintains a minimum difference of 2 points over their rival, it wins the set. When a team wins 2 sets, it wins the game.

Each point is also scored as in tennis, looking for the opposing team to fail to return the ball before it bounces 2 times within their field.

The field is rectangular and concrete and 110 meters long and 10 meters wide, divided by a line drawn on the ground.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Juegos Autóctonos de Pasto". Cultura y turismo de Pasto (in Spanish). 26 February 2014. 
  2. ^ López, Paúl (1 December 2009). "La pelota nacional, un deporte de nuestra cultura". Red Voltaire (in Spanish). Quito. 
  3. ^ "Tenis Pastuso en el Ecuador" (in Spanish). 
  4. ^ "'Chaza', un deporte típico de Pasto". RCN Televisión (in Spanish). 20 May 2014.