Chazuke

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chazuke
Sake chazuke by matsukawa1971.jpg
Chazuke with tea, topped with salmon and nori
Alternative namesochazuke, cha-cha gohan, bubuzuke
Place of originJapan
Main ingredientsrice, green tea or dashi
Variationsinstant ochazuke

Chazuke (, ちゃづけ) or ochazuke (, from (o)cha 'tea' + tsuke 'submerge') is a simple Japanese dish made by pouring green tea,[1] dashi, or hot water over cooked rice.[2] Chazuke provides a good way to use leftover rice as a quick snack because this dish is easy to make. In Kyoto, ochazuke is known as bubuzuke.[3] Since the 1970s, packaged "instant ochazuke", consisting of freeze-dried toppings and seasonings, has become popular.

Common toppings include tsukemono (Japanese pickles), umeboshi, nori (seaweed), furikake, sesame seeds, tarako and mentaiko (salted and marinated pollock roe), salted salmon, shiokara (pickled seafood), scallions, and wasabi.[1]

History[edit]

Chazuke topped with unagi, nori and mitsuba

This dish first became popular in the Heian period of Japan, when water was most commonly poured over rice,[4] but beginning in the Edo period, tea was often used instead.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Seductions of Rice – Jeffrey Alford, Naomi Duguid. p. 213.
  2. ^ Dining Guide to Japan: Find the Right Restaurant, Order the Right Dish, and Pay the Right Price – Boye Lafayette De Mente. pp. 104–105.
  3. ^ "Travel Info Bubuzuke". Machiya Residence Inn Kyoto. 2016. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  4. ^ Tale of Genji 21, 27, 47, 51, 54; Pillow Book 186: "If a man that's so drunk can't help staying overnight with me, I won't serve him even a hot water rice."
  5. ^ Morisada Mankoh (Ch.4) attributes the origin of tea-rice to Edo during Meireki years, which became popular in Kansai area during Genroku.
  6. ^ "OCHAZUKE". Japan-Marche.jp. 26 September 2015. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2016.