Che (Persian letter)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Che, or čīm (چ), is a letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet, used to represent [t͡ʃ], and which derives from ǧīm (ج) by the addition of two dots. It is found with this value in other Arabic-derived scripts. It is used in Persian, Pashto, Kurdish, Azerbaijani, other Iranian languages and Urdu.

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: چ‎ ـچ‎ ـچـ‎ چـ‎

Other uses[edit]

The initial form of the Persian Che used to represent [ɡ] in an Israeli road sign on the road to Giv'at Shmuel.

In Israel, where official announcements are often trilingual, this letter is used as the letter gīm on roadsigns to represent [ɡ], when transcribing Hebrew or foreign names of places.

In Egypt, this letter represents [ʒ], which can be a reduction of /d͡ʒ/.

It can be used to transcribe [t͡ʃ] of Persian Gulf: Gulf Arabic and Iraqi Arabic, where they have that sound natively. In these countries and the rest of Arabic-speaking geographic regions, the combination of tāʾ-šīn (تش) is more likely used to transliterate the /t͡ʃ/ sound which is often realized as two consonants ([t]+[ʃ]) elsewhere; this letter combination is used for loanwords and foreign names, including those of Spanish origin in Moroccan Arabic. In the case of Moroccan Arabic, the letter ڜ‎ is used instead to transliterate the /t͡ʃ/ sound aside from چ, this letter derives from šīn (ش) with additional 3 dots below.

For چ:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: چ‎ ـچ‎ ـچـ‎ چـ‎

For ڜ‎:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ڜ‎ ـڜ‎ ـڜـ‎ ڜـ‎

Character encodings[edit]

Character چ
Unicode name ARABIC LETTER TCHEH
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 1670 U+0686
UTF-8 218 134 DA 86
Numeric character reference چ چ
Character ڜ
Unicode name ARABIC LETTER SEEN WITH THREE DOTS BELOW AND THREE DOTS ABOVE
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 1692 U+069C
UTF-8 218 156 DA 9C
Numeric character reference ڜ ڜ

See also[edit]