Cheaper by the Dozen
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First edition cover (Thomas Y. Crowell Co.)
|Author||Frank B. Gilbreth, Jr., and Ernestine Gilbreth Carey|
|Publisher||Thomas Y. Crowell Co.|
|Followed by||Belles on Their Toes (1950 book; 1952 film)|
Cheaper by the Dozen is a biographical novel written by Frank Bunker Gilbreth, Jr. and Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, published in 1948. The bestselling book was later adapted into a feature film by Twentieth Century Fox in 1950 and followed up by the sequel, Belles on Their Toes (1950), which was adapted as a 1952 film.
The book tells the story of time and motion study and efficiency experts Frank Bunker Gilbreth and Lillian Moller Gilbreth, and their twelve children, as they reside in Montclair, New Jersey for many years. The title comes from one of Frank Sr.'s favorite jokes: it often happened that when he and his family were out driving and stopped at a red light, a pedestrian would ask, "Hey, Mister! How come you got so many kids?" Gilbreth would pretend to ponder the question carefully, and then, just as the light turned green, would say, "Well, they come cheaper by the dozen, you know," and drive off.
In real life, the Gilbreths' second eldest child, Mary, died of diphtheria at age five. The book does not explicitly explain the absence of Mary Gilbreth. It was not until the sequel, Belles on Their Toes, was published in 1950 that her death is mentioned in a footnote.
Cheaper by the Dozen (1992) has been adapted as a stage play, adapted by Christopher Sergel and directed by Lori David. It played at Grey Lite Theatre in 1992.
Cheaper by the Dozen has been adapted as a musical, dramatized by Christopher Sergel with a score by David Rogers and Mark Bucci.
Cheaper by the Dozen (2003) and Cheaper by the Dozen 2 (2005), starring comedians Steve Martin and Bonnie Hunt, make a few references to the 1950 film. During a game of Apple Schmear, Nora tells Hank that her "Great Grandma Gilbreth" invented the game and Gilbreth is the name of the family in the original 1950 film. Furthermore, Lorraine and Tom argue about how much time she should be allotted in front of the mirror in the mornings. He allots her a few extra minutes, connecting back to the time efficiency specialist that the father, Frank Gilbreth, was in the 1950 film. Other than that, there are no other known connections.
Re-reading the book in 2003, Pulitzer Prize-winning critic Jonathan Yardley wrote in The Washington Post: "[I]t is a joy to report that Cheaper by the Dozen still reads remarkably well. ... The prose ... is unadorned and matter of fact, and its organizational structure is a bit difficult to detect, but what matters most is that it is a touching family portrait that also happens to be very, very funny."
- Tamny, Elizabeth M. (1 January 2004). "Cheaper by Eleven?". Chicago Reader.
- "Cheaper by the Dozen". Dramatic Publishing.
- "Cheaper by the Dozen (musical)". Dramatic Publishing. ISBN 0871295601.
- Yardley, Jonathan (August 25, 2003). "Second Reading - Gold by a Couple: 'Cheaper by the Dozen'". The Washington Post.
- Gilbreth, Frank B., Jr. (Summer 1991). "The Gilbreth "Bug-lights"". Historic Nantucket. 39 (2). Nantucket Historical Association. pp. 20–22. (Article by Frank Jr. about their summer home on Nantucket Island)