Cheaper by the Dozen (1950 film)
|Cheaper by the Dozen|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Walter Lang|
|Produced by||Lamar Trotti|
|Written by||Ernestine Gilbreth Carey
Frank Bunker Gilbreth, Jr.
|Screenplay by||Lamar Trotti|
|Based on||book Cheaper by the Dozen|
|Narrated by||Jeanne Crain|
|Music by||Cyril J. Mockridge|
|Edited by||James Watson Webb, Jr.|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$4,425,000 (US)|
Cheaper by the Dozen is a 1950 Technicolor film based upon the 1948 autobiographical book Cheaper by the Dozen by Frank Bunker Gilbreth, Jr. and Ernestine Gilbreth Carey. The film and book describe growing up in a family with twelve children in Montclair, New Jersey.
The parents were time and motion study and efficiency experts Frank Bunker Gilbreth, Sr. and psychologist Lillian Moller Gilbreth. The title comes from one of Gilbreth's favorite jokes which played out in the movie that when he and his family were out driving and stopped at a red light, a pedestrian would ask "Hey, Mister! How come you got so many kids?" Gilbreth would pretend to ponder the question carefully, and then, just as the light turned green, would say "Well, they come cheaper by the dozen, you know," and drive off.
The story opens with typical days in the lives of a family in the 1920s with 12 children and an efficiency engineer as the parent. This includes scenes where Frank employs his unorthodox teaching methods on his children, classic clashes between conservative parents and children's desire for more freedom (flashier clothing, make up, etc.). Frank takes every opportunity to study motion and increasing efficiency, even filming his children's tonsillectomies to see if there are ways to streamline the operation.
After Frank's death, the family agrees that Lillian will continue with her husband's work; this enables the family to remain in their house (the alternative is to move to their grandmother's in California) although, with a widowed working mother and one income, the children will have to assume much greater responsibilities.
Their life after Frank's death is chronicled in the sequel Belles on Their Toes.
- Clifton Webb as Frank Bunker Gilbreth
- Jeanne Crain as Ann Gilbreth
- Myrna Loy as Mrs. Lillian Gilbreth
- Betty Lynn as Deborah Lancaster
- Edgar Buchanan as Dr. Burton
- Barbara Bates as Ernestine Gilbreth
- Mildred Natwick as Mrs. Mebane
- Sara Allgood as Mrs. Monahan
- Jimmy Hunt as William Gilbreth
- Carol Nugent as Lillie Gilbreth
- Norman Ollestad as Frank Gilbreth Jr.
- Evelyn Varden as School Principal
- Craig Hill as Tom
Comparison to real life
Some of the children are not shown in the same order the real Gilbreth children were born in. Robert is shown being born in 1922 as the last child after Jane, though in real life, Robert was born in 1920, before Jane in 1922. This is changed around in the sequel. In real life, Mary, who was the second child, died in 1912 at the age of 5. Mary is placed as the third child after Ernestine, and has little or no lines in the film.
Both Frank and Lillian Gilbreth were important figures in real life. The voice-over at the end of the film informs the audience that Lillian went on to become the world's leading efficiency expert and Time Magazine Woman of the Year in 1948. Additionally, in 1984, her image was put on a US postal stamp.
- "All-Time Top Film Grosses" Variety Weekly January 13, 1954
- Cheaper by the Dozen at the Internet Movie Database
- Cheaper by the Dozen at AllMovie
- Cheaper by the Dozen at the TCM Movie Database