Checkpoint Bravo ("Checkpoint B") was the name given by the Western Allies to the main Autobahn border crossing point between West Berlin and the German Democratic Republic. It was known in German as Grenzübergangsstelle Drewitz-Dreilinden. Drewitz is a community nearby, and Dreilinden is the name of the wooded area in Berlin through which the highway passes.
The checkpoint was located on the A 115 motorway (known within Berlin as the AVUS), between the Berliner locality of Nikolassee and the Brandenburger rural community of Drewitz, part of the municipality of Kleinmachnow.
The checkpoint was the nearest motorway border crossing point to the Helmstedt–Marienborn border crossing ("Checkpoint Alpha") on the border of West Germany, making it part of the shortest highway transit route between West Germany and West Berlin.
The checkpoint was shifted slightly during 1969 from Drewitz (part of Potsdam), after the East German authorities realigned the transit route to eliminate a brief re-entry into GDR territory before transit traffic could finally enter West Berlin. The new checkpoint was relocated to Nikolassee (part of the district of Zehlendorf).
Since German reunification
The site of the original, pre-1969 checkpoint (rest stop, adjacent car park and abandoned highway) was used in filming the Alarm for Cobra 11 television series. The site itself, "which includes a derelict bridge and a crumbling cafe covered in graffiti," was auctioned in September 2010 for €45,000.
The vast site of the East-German checkpoint was eventually converted into a commercial park named Europarc Dreilinden (in German). All that remains of the checkpoint is the former main control tower that now houses a museum of the checkpoint.
- Durie, William (2012). The British Garrison Berlin 1945 - 1994: nowhere to go ... a pictorial historiography of the British Military occupation / presence in Berlin. Berlin: Vergangenheitsverlag (de). ISBN 978-3-86408-068-5. OCLC 978161722.
- "Gesamtkonzept zur Erinnerung an die Berliner Mauer: Dokumentation, Information und Gedenken: 2.4.7. Checkpoint Bravo: Denkmalraum Dreilinden-Drewitz" (in German). City of Berlin. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- Location of the old Checkpoint Bravo on Google Maps
- "Der Tagesspiegel: Berliner Grenzkontrollpunkt Dreilinden wird versteigert" (in German). Fair News. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- Martin, Michelle (16 September 2010). "Mystery bidder buys Berlin's "Checkpoint Bravo"". Reuters. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Official Europark Dreilinden website". Archived from the original on 2010-05-09. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Memorial site of Checkpoint Bravo (in German)
- Checkpoint Bravo official website (in German)