The show's title, formed from food prepared during the opening credits.
|Created by||Peter Tilbury (based on an idea from Lenny Henry)|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||3|
|No. of episodes||20 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Polly McDonald|
|Producer(s)||Crucial Films for the BBC|
|Camera setup||Single-camera (series 1 and 2)|
Multi-camera (series 3)
|Running time||approx. 30 minutes|
|Original network||BBC One|
|Original release||28 January 1993 –|
30 December 1996
Chef! is a British situation comedy starring Lenny Henry that aired as twenty episodes over three series from 1993 to 1996 on the BBC. The show was created and primarily written by Peter Tilbury based on an idea from Lenny Henry and produced for the BBC by Henry's production company, Crucial Films.
Henry starred as Gareth Blackstock, a talented, arrogant, tyrannical and obsessed chef who has endlessly inventive insults for his staff, unknowing customers, and almost anyone else he encounters. Chef Blackstock's traditional French cuisine with an eclectic flair is served at "Le Château Anglais," a gourmet restaurant in the English countryside that is one of the few in the United Kingdom to receive a two-star rating from Michelin. The chef's quest for perfection and his lack of awareness about the costs of that perfection mean that the restaurant is on the brink of financial collapse when he and his wife Janice (played by Caroline Lee-Johnson) buy it early in the first series. The establishment mostly remains on that brink, despite Janice's best efforts as manager, eventually coming under the control of the boorish Cyril Bryson (Dave Hill) in the final series.
Although focused on the restaurant's kitchen, the countryside (with its black market suppliers) and the Blackstocks' home life are also backdrops for the show; the chef's long hours mean that Janice is routinely neglected in the bedroom, and their plans for a family remain delayed.
Besides Gareth and Janice Blackstock, a third character, Everton Stonehead (played by Roger Griffiths), appears throughout all three series. Stonehead went to school with the chef and dreams of becoming a top chef himself. He bumbles through his early days in the kitchen, but eventually even develops a signature dish of his own.
According to Lenny Henry:
- The first episode of Chef! was developed over two years, and so Peter Tilbury and I were really put through loads of hoops about character motivation. Why is this character such an arsehole? Is this the right kind of character for Lenny Henry to be playing? All that kind of stuff. Once we got through that and they greenlit the series, Peter then had something like eight or nine weeks to write the rest of it. The remaining five episodes were much easier to write because we'd had every argument about who, what, where, and how. The world had been mapped out. Actually, the very first episode of Chef! was the hardest one to watch for me because we'd worked so hard on it and you could see all the things that had been rewritten in the first episode.
Lenny Henry was coached in cooking techniques at the L'Ortolan Restaurant, in Shinfield, Reading, Berkshire. The restaurant was modelled on, and many scenes were filmed at, Le Manoir aux Quat' Saisons, a restaurant in Oxfordshire owned by chef Raymond Blanc. Many other scenes were filmed at Nether Winchendon House, in Buckinghamshire. The third series was shot at Teddington Studios in Middlesex. Celebrity chef John Burton Race acted as food consultant for the show.
The first two series were shot on film and directed in the style of a drama series. Due to budgetary and time constraints, the third series was shot on videotape and was directed more like a traditional sitcom.
Lenny Henry stated on his website that he and Tilbury had worked on a storyline for another series, but that nothing came of it.
Series 1 (1993)
|No.||Title||Original air date|
|1||"Personnel"||January 28, 1993|
|Gareth Blackstock is the executive chef at Le Chateau Anglais, and he is infuriated when management cuts his budget. He is one up on the budget when Everton shows up and volunteers his service as a chef for no compensation in order that he can train in the most famous kitchen in England.|
|2||"Beyond The Pass"||February 4, 1993|
|In order to make a successful takeover of the restaurant, Gareth and Janice must first make certain personal sacrifices before they grovel to the bank manager. This is no easy task for someone with a pathological hatred of bank managers.|
|3||"Subject to Contract"||February 11, 1993|
|Having made the ultimate sacrifice of putting their idyllic cottage on the market, Janice feels that Gareth must now set about raising his own public profile in the press... (Just a smiley picture...) To raise the profile of his restaurant, Gareth opens his kitchen to the press. But Everton has lost track of something very personal and rather unpleasant in the veal stew. Or was it in the pies? Or the ravioli?|
|4||"The Big Cheese"||February 25, 1993|
|Gareth discovers that famous chef Albert Roux is about to honour his restaurant with a visit. He tries to coax his troops into preparing the perfect meal. Gareth goes in search of the perfect unpasteurized English Stilton. But beware the Cheese Police!|
|5||"Fame Is the Spur"||March 4, 1993|
|Janice arranges for Gareth and Le Chateau to be featured in the television food program Kitchens Live. The producer has a few surprises in store for Gareth, and Everton manages to release 50 pounds of live crayfish in the kitchen.|
|6||"Rice and Peas"||March 11, 1993|
|Gareth has promised his father a Caribbean evening at Le Chateau. The trouble is, he knows nothing of Caribbean cuisine. Gareth must endure the ultimate indignity of requesting Everton's assistance in the matter.|
|7||"A Bird in the Hand"||December 24, 1993|
|A disagreement with his regular poultry supplier leads Gareth and Janice on a hunt for Christmas turkeys. Was originally a "stand alone" episode, aired much later than the first 6 episodes of Series I.|
Series 2 (1994 )
|No.||Title||Original air date|
|8||"A River Runs Through It"||September 8, 1994|
|The kitchen staff at Le Chateau are overwhelmed, and Gareth simply must find another chef as soon as possible. The new addition to the kitchen staff (Gustav LaRoche) proves to be more than a handful for Gareth when it turns out that he prefers imbibing the wine rather than cooking with it.|
|9||"Time Flies"||September 15, 1994|
|Janice suspects that she may be pregnant and she insists that they seek outside investment to secure their offspring's future. Gareth's reaction is typically uncertain about both.|
|10||"Do the Right Thing"||September 22, 1994|
|Is there no end to the depths that Gareth will stoop to get the finest ingredients for his renowned dishes? Gareth deals with a "poacher" to get ingredients. But the long arm of the law is quickly in pursuit. Will Gareth land in the soup?|
|11||"A Diploma of Miseries"||September 29, 1994|
|Publicity-shy Gareth is hounded by Janice to appear on a chat show, but she soon wishes she had never bothered. When Gareth bad-mouths Janice's cooking to the television audience, he might as well book in with Everton at the latter's new flat. Everton tries to teach his boss a few things about 'amour'.|
|12||"Masterchef"||October 13, 1994|
|Everton has developed his own signature dish and, much to Gareth's (very publicly displayed) irritation, he begins to hog the media spotlight!|
|13||"Private Lives"||October 20, 1994|
|The kitchen staff are having domestic troubles en masse and it's up to Gareth to play agony aunt, if only to get his staff back to work.|
|14||"England Expects"||October 20, 1994|
|Gareth enters an international cookery competition in Lyon, France. All the dishes must have ingredients exclusively from the originating country - but where will he get English wine from?!?|
Series 3 (1996 )
|No.||Title||Original air date|
|15||"Gareth's True Love"||November 25, 1996|
|Gareth has had to sell the restaurant to Cyril Bryson. There's a troublesome new American chef named Savanna in the kitchen. Then Janice suddenly tells Gareth that she's leaving him, prompting him to resign in efforts to get her back.|
|16||"Reeny/Renée"||December 2, 1996|
|When Renée, Cyril's spoiled daughter arrives at the restaurant, Gareth is forced into letting her help out in the kitchen. Everton is smitten by Renée and will do anything to keep her from being removed from her position.|
|17||"Lessons In Talking"||December 9, 1996|
|With Janice having moved out on him and with talk of divorce in the air, Gareth takes his temper out on the diners when Cyril has made a policy decision that Gareth should mingle and chat with the diners at La Chateau Anglais. This is decidedly not what Gareth would prefer.|
|18||"Love in the Air"||December 16, 1996|
|The arrival of Gareth's father is not the tonic he needs to help him overcome his failed marriage. Especially when he brings along his new, very attractive and very young, girlfriend.|
|19||"Rochelle"||December 23, 1996|
|Everton talks Gareth into catering for his cousin's wedding. One of the guests is one of Gareth's ex-girlfriends, Rochelle. An old flame looks like being rekindled, until Janice makes an unexpected appearance.|
|20||"Paris? Jamaica?"||December 30, 1996|
|In this final episode, Gareth is at a cross road. He must decide whether to accept Rochelle's invitation to join her in Paris for the weekend or to fly off to Jamaica to try to patch things up with Janice. Gareth foolishly relies upon the advice of Everton to help him make a decision on his future.|
According to the Museum of Broadcast Communications, the show was "highly critically acclaimed for its high production values, its comic-drama scripts, and its lead performances. Most of all, perhaps, the series [was] a landmark programme in the sense that Henry plays a character who just happens to be black; the fact of his blackness does not limit the narrative or the audience the series reaches."
BFI's screenonline noted that "what really marked out Chef!, however, was Henry's development as an actor. As the kitchen tyrant Gareth Blackstock, he proved himself capable of representing a multifaceted character far beyond the caricatures of his sketch shows." It also noted that Chef! "managed some acute observations on food and contemporary Britain: the celebritisation of cuisine, the pathological obsession with hygiene, the near impossibility of securing genuinely excellent produce in a culture dominated by industrial farming and supermarket giants."
Some contemporary critics were less positive, however. Reviewing the second series in the Evening Standard, Victor Lewis-Smith described it as "...not funny enough to be classed as sit-com, nor believable enough to be classed as drama, forensic science has been unable to detect any trace of humour or subtlety in this dismal hybrid".
All three series were released on Region 1 DVD on 30 August 2005. The Region 2 DVDs have been available since 2 October 2006. Several minutes of the first series episode "The Big Cheese" were cut from the Region 2 DVD release. The Region 1 release is uncut.
- Duguid, Mark. "BFI Screenonline: Chef!". screenonline. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
- Henry, Lenny Archived 8 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine at the Museum of Broadcast Communications
- Lenny Henry and Danny Robins Interview - Part 2 from a BBC website
- Work Experience from chef Nigel P. Marriage's website
- Henry, Lenny. "FAQs". Lenny Henry dot com (Lenny Henry's official website). Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
- Victor Lewis-Smith, "Inside the Magic Rectangle", Indigo 1995, p63
- "DVD details for "Chef!"". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
- "Chef - Complete Box Set". amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
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