Chegutu

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Chegutu
Coat of arms of Chegutu
Coat of arms
Chegutu is located in Zimbabwe
Chegutu
Chegutu
Coordinates: 18°08′24″S 30°09′00″E / 18.14000°S 30.15000°E / -18.14000; 30.15000Coordinates: 18°08′24″S 30°09′00″E / 18.14000°S 30.15000°E / -18.14000; 30.15000
Country Zimbabwe
Province Mashonaland West
District Chegutu District
City Chegutu Municipality
Elevation 1,180 m (3,870 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 50,590
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)
Climate Cwa

Chegutu (formerly Hartley) is a town in Mashonaland West Province, Zimbabwe.

Location[edit]

The town is located in Chegutu District, Mashonaland West, in central northern Zimbabwe. It lies in the Hartley Hills 107 kilometres (66 mi), southwest of the capital Harare at an altitude of 1,180 metres (3,870 ft) above sea level.[1]

Population[edit]

The 1982 population census recorded 19,621 inhabitants,[1] rising to 30,122 by 1992.[2] The population was estimated at 36,000 in 2002.[citation needed] By 2012 it had grown to 50,590 inhabitants.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Chegutu lies on the A5 highway between Harare and Bulawayo. It is also on the railway line between the two cities. Secondary roads link it to Chinhoyi, Chakari and the Mhondoro communal lands.[1]

Climate[edit]

Annual rainfall in Chegutu averages 775 millimetres (30.5 in). The town's mean temperatures vary between 23 °C in the hottest month to 14 °C in the coldest.[1]

Economy[edit]

Chegutu is the commercial and administrative centre of the surrounding district. Having been established as a mining settlement by gold prospectors, mining for gold and nickel remains important in the area. Its agricultural economy was developed significantly after the Second World War, with maize and cotton becoming major crops. One of Zimbabwe's largest textile mills was established there. Wheat is grown with the aid of irrigation from the nearby Mupfure River, and cattle rearing is also a significant activity. The Cotton and Grain Marketing Boards established depots in Chegutu for cotton and grain respectively, and by 1984 sixteen grain silos had been built in the town for the bulk storage and delivery of grain.[1]

The town has 12 large grain silos, each capable of holding 5,000 tons of grain, but most are unused.[4]

Shopping[edit]

The two major stores in Chegutu are TM SupermarketPick n Pay Stores and OK Zimbabwe Limited. Some of the popular stores include Zapalala, Denmag and MJ Stores. Just like most towns in Zimbabwe, vending is hype in Chegutu. Vendors sell wares from clothes to fruits and vegetables. The traditional shops like OK Zimbabwe and TM Pick & Pay have point of sale terminals and Ecocash merchant codes. The prices of most commodities does not significantly differ from those in Harare. Prolific shops like Edgars, Topics and Number One have also established their presence in Chegutu. Teachers Furniture, Coloursel and TV Sales and Homes make up the furniture stores found in the town. There are four service stations; Total Service Station, Engen, Zuva Service Station; all situated along Harare-Bulawayo High-way.

Schools[edit]

There are ten primary schools in Chegutu: Bryden Country School, David Whitehead Primary School, Hartley Number 1 School, Chinengundu Primary School, Chegutu Primary School, Kaguvi Primary School, Pfupajena Primary School, Our Lady of Sorrow Primary School, Hartely 2 Primary School, and St Francis Primary School; and four secondary schools offering up to advanced level: St Francis High School, Pfupajena High School, Adventist High School, and Chegutu High School.

Most of the schools are government owned. The local municipality owns 2 primary schools; 3 schools are owned by the Catholic Church, St Francis Primary and Secondary owned by the Archdiocese of Harare and Our Lady owned by the Catholic nuns of the order Our Lady of Sorrow. The Methodist Church in Zimbabwe owns one primary school, Chegutu Primary; and the Seventh-day Adventist Church owns one secondary school. There are also a number of privately owned colleges offering primary and secondary education but some are registered and some are yet to be registered.

Suburbs[edit]

There are four high density suburbs Chinengundu, Pfupajena, Chegutu, and Kaguvi (Phase 1 - 4) and one medium density suburb Umvovo. Pfupajena is populary known as "kumaPee" and Chegutu known as "kumaCee". To most people Chinengundu suburb is known as Heroes and the other part as ZMDC as the mining giant had built its staff houses in the area.

The low density suburbs are Chestgate and Rifle Range.

Sporting Facilities[edit]

There is one football stadium; Pfupajena Stadium and one golf which houses the Chegutu Country Club. The local municipality owns one swimming pool.

History[edit]

Before 1982, Chegutu was known as Hartley, named after Henry Hartley, an early hunter and explorer. The settlement of Hartley was originally located in the Hartley Hills 34 kilometres (21 mi) east of where the town is located today. White settlers flocked to the area after gold was discovered and the Butterfly and Giant Mines were both established nearby. The settlement was moved to its present location in 1899. In 1901 the railway reached Hartley, which was proclaimed a village in 1903 and a town in 1942. A Town Council was established in 1968 and in 1974 Hartley was granted municipality status. In 1982 the town's name was officially changed to Chegutu.[1]

Mayors of Chegutu[edit]

Year Name Party
2013-2018 Wadzingenyama MDC-T
2008-2013 Wadzingenyama MDC-T
2006-2008 Zimani ZANU PF
2001–2006 Francis Dhlakama MDC-T
1994–2001 unknown
1993–1994 William Muringani
1990–1992 Peter Gwanzura
1986–1989 Cephas Teguru Nyandoro
1981–1985 Bizek Mapuranga

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Encyclopedia Zimbabwe (2nd ed.). Worcester: Arlington Business Corporation. 1989. ISBN 0-9514505-0-6. 
  2. ^ Historical Dictionary of Zimbabwe. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, Inc. 2001. ISBN 0-8108-3471-5. 
  3. ^ "Zimbabwe 2012 Population Census Results – Chegutu Urban" (PDF). ZIMSTAT/UNICEF. October 2014. 
  4. ^ Fletcher, Martin (January 7, 2017). "Why White Zimbabwean Farmer, Ben Freeth, Returned to His Farm Eight Years After it Was Destroyed by Pro-Mugabe Forces". Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting. Archived from the original on January 17, 2017. Zimbabwe once fed much of southern Africa, but today a third of its roughly 13 million people urgently need food aid. Freeth drives me to the nearby town of Chegutu, which is dominated by 12 towering silos. Each can hold 5,000 tons of grain, but an employee says just one is full, though the harvest has recently ended.