Cheikh Tidiane Gadio
Diplomatic and political career
Gadio was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs when Abdoulaye Wade took office as President in April 2000. He was promoted to the rank of Minister of State, while retaining the foreign affairs portfolio, in November 2002.
At the African Union summit in Accra, Ghana in early July 2007, where leaders discussed whether a United States of Africa should be created immediately or gradually, Gadio expressed Senegal's stance in favor of immediate creation, saying that "We are ready to abandon partially or totally our sovereignty to join a unity government in Africa." He mentioned the possibility that Senegal could join a smaller union of willing states if the rest of Africa was not ready.
As Foreign Minister, Gadio played a prominent role in African diplomacy, and President Wade praised him as "the best foreign minister in Africa". After more than nine years as Foreign Minister, Gadio was replaced by Madické Niang in the government named on 1 October 2009. No reason was given, although in the Senegalese press it was reported that Gadio had a poor relationship with Karim Wade, the President's son, who also served in the government as Minister of State for International Cooperation, Infrastructure, Air Transport, and Public Works.
A few months after his dismissal, Gadio emerged as a critic and opponent of President Wade, launching a new political movement, the Citizen Political Movement (Mouvement politique citoyen, MPC), in May 2010. While sharply criticizing Wade, Gadio reaffirmed his support for pan-Africanism in his movement's manifesto and expressed his hope for an "African Renaissance" in the 21st century. He vowed to combat efforts to eliminate the second round of presidential elections in Senegal; the proposal to reduce elections to a single round was perceived as a change that would work to Wade's benefit.
Gadio stood in the February 2012 presidential election as the candidate of the June 23 Movement (M23), which included his MPC. He placed eighth, receiving 0.98% of the vote. In November 2012, he founded the Pan-African Strategies Institute, and he has subsequently served as its President. Speaking at the Bamako Forum in February 2015, he argued in favor of integration between regions as a step towards African unity. He said that some national borders, such as those separating Senegal from Gambia and Guinea-Bissau, lacked justification and should be eliminated.
He and former Secretary for Home Affairs of Hong Kong Patrick Ho were arrested in New York in late November 2017, charged with violating the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and money laundering. The US Justice Department alleged that the pair offered a US$2 million bribe to the president of Chad for oil rights, and deposited a US$500,000 bribe to an account designated by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uganda on behalf of a Chinese energy conglomerate. The USJD alleges that the million-dollar bribes were dressed as donations. China responded by saying it has always encouraged Chinese businesses to comply with all local laws when doing business abroad. The energy fund also responded by posting a five-point message on its website denying that it had given authorisation to "Patrick Ho or any other party ... to engage in such business behaviour".
- Profile at Senegalese Foreign Ministry web site. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-03.
- "Union africaine: deux blocs s'affrontent sur la création du gouvernement de l'UA", Agence France-Presse, 2 June 2007 (in French). "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-03.
- "Leaders split over African unity", BBC News Online, 3 July 2007.
- "Senegal's foreign minister steps down", Agence France-Presse, 1 October 2009.
- "Cheikh Tidiane Gadio et son mouvement politique en vedette", Agence de Presse Sénégalaise, 8 May 2010 (in French).
- Assane Diagne, "Cheikh Tidiane Gadio lance l’Institut panafricain de stratégies, samedi"[permanent dead link], Agence de Presse Sénégalaise, 23 November 2012 (in French).
- Mohamed Tidiane Ndiaye, "Cheikh Tidiane Gadio 'gêné' par le débat sur la légitimité de Michaëlle Jean"[permanent dead link], Agence de Presse Sénégalaise, 18 December 2014 (in French).
- Rémi Carayol, "Mali : l’avenir de l’Afrique au coeur du Forum de Bamako", Jeune Afrique, 23 February 2015 (in French).
- "US arrests Patrick Ho over alleged oil bribes". South China Morning Post.
- "何志平被捕-外交部-不掌握具體情況-中國企業在國外要合法經營". The Stand News (in Chinese). 21 November 2017. Archived from the original on 13 March 2018.
- "【何志平涉賄被捕】中華能源基金會：沒授權何進行報道提及的「商業行為」". Ming Pao (in Chinese). 21 November 2017.[dead link]