Cheilomenes sexmaculata

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Cheilomenes sexmaculata
Cheilomenes sexmaculata, ladybird 10.jpg
Scientific classification
C. sexmaculata
Binomial name
Cheilomenes sexmaculata
Fabricius, 1781

Cheilomenes sexmaculata is a species of ladybird. It was described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1781. It is well known as a predator of aphids and other small insects. Although sometimes known by the common name of six-spotted zigzag ladybird, this is misleading as there are several colour morphs and some colour morphs of the species can be confused with Micraspis discolor and Chilocorus nigrita. The species has a wide distribution range within the Asian tropics and subtropical zones from India to Japan and parts of the Australian region. They have been introduced into the Caribbean islands as a biocontrol agent and their spread to South America was noted in 2019.[1] The elytral colour has been identified as being controlled by two genes with two alleles each U-u and D-d and the phenotypes have been grouped into varieties quadriplagiata (“Q”) [UUDD,UUDd,UuDD,UuDd]; unifasciata (“U”) [Uudd,UUdd]; diversijunata (“D”) [uuDD,uuDd] and sexmaculata (“S”) [uudd]. The darker forms predominate in higher latitudes where absorption of heat may aid their survival.[2][3][4]

Life cycle


  1. ^ Assour, H R; Behm, J E (2019-05-28). "First Occurrence of Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on the Caribbean Island of Curaçao". Neotropical Entomology. doi:10.1007/s13744-019-00699-0. ISSN 1519-566X.
  2. ^ Kawakami, Yasuko; Yamazaki, Kazuo; Ohashi, Kazunori (2013). "Geographical variations of elytral color polymorphism in Cheilomenes sexmaculata(Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)". Entomological Science. 16 (2): 235–242. doi:10.1111/ens.12005.
  3. ^ Sasaji, H (1998). "The heredity and the problems of elytral color polymorphism in Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae)". In Sasaji, H (ed.). Natural History of the Ladybirds (in Japanese). Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press. pp. 168–175.
  4. ^ Matsuka M; Sato Y; Niijima K (1985). "The heredity of elytral color polymorphism in Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)". Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture Tamagawa University (in Japanese). 25: 91–97.

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