|14 genera, 363 species|
Cheiracanthiidae is a family of araneomorph spiders first described by Vladimir Wagner in 1887. The synonym Eutichuridae was used for a long time, but Cheiracanthiidae has priority. The largest genus currently recognized as belonging to this family is Cheiracanthium, which has previously been placed in both the Clubionidae and the Miturgidae.
It was recognized as a synonym of "Eutichuridae" in 2009, but was in danger of becoming obsolete until it was resurrected in 2011.
The group was originally described as the subfamily Eutichurinae of the family Miturgidae by Pekka T. Lehtinen in 1967. The monophyly of the group is described as "reasonably uncontroversial", but it has been placed in either the Miturgidae or the Clubionidae. An analysis by Martín J. Ramírez in 2014 suggested that it was better considered as a separate family.
As of December 2021[update], the World Spider Catalog accepts the following genera:
- Calamoneta Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 — Indonesia
- Calamopus Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 — Thailand, Indonesia
- Cheiracanthium C. L. Koch, 1839 — Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, Argentina
- Cheiramiona Lotz & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1999 — Africa, Egypt
- Ericaella Bonaldo, 1994 — Brazil, Panama, Peru
- Eutichurus Simon, 1897 — South America, India, Central America
- Eutittha Thorell, 1878 — Asia, Australia
- Lessertina Lawrence, 1942 — South Africa
- Macerio Simon, 1897 — Chile, Argentina
- Radulphius Keyserling, 1891 — Brazil
- Sinocanthium Yu & Li, 2020 — China
- Strotarchus Simon, 1888 — Pakistan, Costa Rica, North America, Brazil
- Summacanthium Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 — Indonesia
- Tecution Benoit, 1977 — St. Helena
- ^ a b c d "Family: Cheiracanthiidae Wagner, 1887". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Archived from the original on 2016-02-15. Retrieved 3 December 2021.
- ^ Ono, H. (2009). The spiders of Japan with keys to the families and genera and illustrations of the species. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa.
- ^ Marusik, Y. M.; Kovblyuk, M. M. (2011). Spiders (Arachnida, Aranei) of Siberia and Russian Far East. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow.
- ^ Ramírez, Martín J. (2014). "The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae)". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 390: 340–341. doi:10.1206/821.1. hdl:2246/6537. S2CID 86146467.