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Chekavar

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For the film, see Chekavar (film).

The Chekavar (also Chekava, Chekavan, Chekon) were warriors who commonly belonged to the Ezhava/Thiyya community.

Etymology[edit]

Chekavar is derived from the Sanskrit words Sevakar, Sevakan or Sevaka, which means soldiers in service or soldiers in royal service.[1][2] Hermann Gundert's English-Malayalam Dictionary, defines the term as militiaman and warrior.[3]

Origin[edit]

Sangam literature and hero stones found in Tamil Nadu show that Chekavar were engaged in combat, often on behalf of a lord. On these hero stones, Chekavar are generally depicted by an image of an armed man along with a Shiva Linga. Hero stones were erected to commemorate men who had fallen in battle or cattle raids and were traditional during the Sangam period.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Communal Road to a Secular Kerala.Page 30. George Mathew. Concept Pub.Co, 1989. ISBN 81-7022-282-6. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  2. ^ Religion and Social Conflict in South Asia.Page 27. Bardwell L. Smith. (BRILL publications ,1976. ISBN 90-04-04510-4. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  3. ^ Malayalam-English Dictionary, by Dr. Herman Gundert, 1872. Ed. 3, Published by Sahythia Pravarthaka Sahakarana Sangham, Kerala, 2000. Biography.
  4. ^ Women's Lives, Women's Rituals in the Hindu Tradition, Page 113. Bardwell L. SmithTracy Pintchman. Oxford University Press. 2007. ISBN 0-19-517706-1. Retrieved 2008-12-13.