Chekiang Province, Republic of China

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This article is about Former Chekiang Province of the Republic of China. For Zhejiang Province of the People's Republic of China, see Zhejiang.
Chekiang Province (1912–55)
浙江省
Former Province
Map of Chekiang Province
Map of Chekiang Province
Coordinates: 29°00′N 120°00′E / 29.000°N 120.000°E / 29.000; 120.000Coordinates: 29°00′N 120°00′E / 29.000°N 120.000°E / 29.000; 120.000
Capital
County
Area
 • Total 17 km2 (7 sq mi)
Population (1954)
 • Total 1,700
Chekiang Province of the Republic of China, between 1949 and 1955.

Chekiang Province, Republic of China (1912–1955) was abolished after the ROC Forces, ROC government officials and local residents were evacuated from Tachen to Taiwan in 1955 following the military defeat of ROC by People's Republic of China's People's Liberation Army forces during the Battle of Tachen Archipelago.[2]

After the Chinese Civil War, the Kuomintang-led Republic of China government lost its control in Mainland China and only held several east coast islands off Mainland Chekiang Province, including Tachen, Ichiangshan (Yikiangshan), Pishan, Taumenshan, Yüshan and Nanki.[3] After losing the mainland, the Nationalists used the islands to stage commando raids into Zhejiang, occasionally penetrating as far as the area around Shanghai.[4] The county governments withdrawn to the islands from the mainland included seven counties, namely Wenling, Linhai, Huangyan, Pinyang, Sanmen, Leqing and Yuhuan. Chiang Kai-shek, the late President of the Republic of China, appointed Hu Zongnan, the general of the ROC Armed Forces, to establish the "Government of Chekiang Province" on the Dachen Islands on September 1951. Its purpose was to fight against the mainland which was controlled by the Communist Party of China.

In 1952, the Chekiang Government reorganized the seven counties into four counties, which were Wenling, Linhai, Pinyang and Yuhuan. Sanmen county was reorganised as "Yushan Administrative Bureau", and "Zhuyu Administrative Bureau" was also established. These administrative bureaus were originally intended to be used as the "special region" for direct economic trading with Mainland China, however they were abolished one year later. In 1953, the Chekiang Government office moved to Taiwan. In 1955, the People's Liberation Army conquered Yijiangshan Island during the Battle of Yijiangshan Islands. The Republic of China evacuated the military garrison and civil residents from Dachen and Nanji to the island of Taiwan with the assistance of the United States Seventh Fleet. The Chekiang Government in Taiwan was abolished soon afterwards, and the People's Republic of China successfully occupied the offshore islands, establishing control over the whole of Zhejiang Province.[5][6]

List of Governors[edit]

  Non-partisan/ unknown   Unity Party   Republican Party   Military/ Warlords   Kuomintang/ National Revolutionary Army

Military Governors (Zhejiangsheng Dudu)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
1 Tang Shouqian.jpg Tang Shouqian
湯壽潛

(1856–1917)
November 1911 January 1912
2 Jiang Zungui2.jpg Jiang Zungui
蔣尊簋

(1882–1931)
January 1912 August 1912 Unity Party
3 朱介人.jpg Zhu Rui
朱瑞

(1883–1916)
January 1912 1916 Republican Party
4 吕公望.jpg Lü Gongwang
呂公望

(1879–1954)
1916 1916

Military Governors (Zhejiangsheng Dujun)[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
1 杨善德.jpg Yang Shande
楊善德

(1873–1919)
January 1917 13 August 1919 Anhui Clique
Died in office.
2 Lu Yongxiang1.jpg Lu Yongxiang
盧永祥
Lú Yǒngxiáng
(1867–1933)
 ? 1924 Anhui Clique
3 Sun Chuanfang.jpg Sun Chuanfang
孫傳芳
Sūn Chuánfāng
(1885–1935)
1924 August 1927 Zhili Clique

Governor[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
1 吕公望.jpg Lü Gongwang
呂公望

(1879–1954)
1916 January 1917
2 Qi Yaoshan.jpg Qi Yaoshan
齊耀珊

(1865–1954)
January 1917 24 June 1920
3 Shen Jinjiani
沈金鑒

(1875–1924)
24 June 1920 29 October 1922
4 Zhang Zaiyang
張載揚

29 October 1922 ?
5 Xia Chao.jpg Xia Chao
夏超

(1882-1926)
1924 23 October 1926 Zhili Clique
NRA
6 Chen Yi.jpg Chen Yi
陳儀
Chén Yí
(1883-1950)
October 1925 July 1927 Zhili Clique
NRA

Chairperson of the Provincial Government[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
1 Chang Jen-chieh.jpg Chang Ching-kiang
張靜江

(1877–1950)
27 July 1927 5 October 1927 Kuomintang
2 He Yingqin
何應欽
Hé Yìngqīn
(1890–1987)
5 October 1927 7 November 1928 Kuomintang
(1) Chang Jen-chieh.jpg Chang Ching-kiang
張靜江

(1877–1950)
7 November 1928 4 December 1930 Kuomintang
3 Zhang Nanxian
張難先

(1873–1968)
4 December 1930 15 December 1931 Kuomintang
4 Lu Diping2.jpg Lu Ti-ping
魯滌平

(1887–1935)
15 December 1931 12 December 1934 Kuomintang
5 Huang Shaohong.jpg Huang Shaohong
黃紹竑

(1895–1966)
12 December 1934 25 July 1936 Kuomintang
6 Minister1.jpg Pai Chung-hsi
白崇禧

(1893–1966)
25 July 1936 6 September 1936 Kuomintang
Refused to take office; Director of Civil Affairs Department Xu Qingfu acted as Chairperson.
(5) Huang Shaohong.jpg Huang Shaohong
黃紹竑

(1895–1966)
6 September 1936 2 December 1936 Kuomintang
7 Zhu Jiahua3.jpg Chu Chia-hua
朱家驊
Zhū Jiāhuá
(1893–1963)
12 December 1934 26 November 1937 Kuomintang
(5) Huang Shaohong.jpg Huang Shaohong
黃紹竑

(1895–1966)
26 November 1937 26 March 1946 Kuomintang
8 Shen Honglie.jpg Shen Honglie
沈鴻烈

(1882–1969)
26 March 1946 22 June 1948 Kuomintang
9 Chen Yi.jpg Chen Yi
陳儀
Chén Yí
(1883-1950)
22 June 1948 21 February 1949 Kuomintang
10 Zhou Yan
周喦
21 February 1949 6 December 1949 Kuomintang
11 Shi Jue
石覺
(1908-1986)
7 December 1949 13 May 1950 Kuomintang
12 Hu Zongnan.jpg Hu Tsung-nan
胡宗南
Hú Zōngnán
(1896-1962)
19 October 1950 23 July 1953 Kuomintang
Evacuated to Taiwan 23 July 1953.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikisource-logo.svg "Cheh-kiang". Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 23.