Chelating resins are a class of ion exchange resins. They are almost always used to bind cations. They utilize chelating agents covalently attached to a polymer matrix. Chelating resins have the same bead form and polymer matrix as usual ion exchangers. Their main use is for preconcentration of metal ions in a dilute solution.
Properties and structure
Chelating resins operate similarly to ordinary ion exchange resins.
Most chelating resins are polymers (copolymers to be precise) with reactive functional groups that chelate to metal ions. The variation in chelating resins arises from the nature of the chelating agents pendant from the polymer backbone. Dowex chelating resin A-1, also known as Chelex 100, is based on iminodiacetic acid in a styrene-divinylbenzene matrix. Dowex A-1 is available commercially and is widely used to determine general properties of chelating resins such as rate determining step and pH dependence, etc. Dowex A-1 is produced from chloromethylated styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer via amination with aminodiacetic acid.
Poly metal chelating resin has almost negligible affinity to both alkali and alkaline earth metals; small quantities of resin can be utilized to concentrate trace metals in natural water systems or biological fluids, in which there are three or four orders of magnitude greater alkali and alkaline earth metal concentration than the trace metal concentrations.
Other functional groups bound to chelating resins are aminophosphonic acids, thiourea, and 2-picolylamine.
Application in heavy metal remediation
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- Sharma, R. K.; Mittal, S.; Koel, M., "Analysis of trace amounts of metal ions using silica-based chelating resins: A green analytical method", Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 2003, 33, 183-197.doi:10.1080/713609163
- Sahni, S. K.; Reedijk, J., "Coordination chemistry of chelating resins and ion exchangers", Coord. Chem. Rev. 1984, 59, 1-139.doi:10.1016/0010-8545(84)85053-5
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- Peters, Robert W (1999-04-23). "Chelant extraction of heavy metals from contaminated soils". Journal of Hazardous Materials. 66 (1–2): 151–210. doi:10.1016/S0304-3894(99)00010-2. PMID 10379036.
- Energy, US Department of; (us), National Research Council (1998-01-01). "Restoring The Environment Via Bioremediation And Molecular Sciences: Prospects For Better Understanding And New Science-Based Solutions". National Academies Press (US).
- Yang, Dong, Xijun Chang, Yongwen Liu, and Sui Wang. "Synthesis and Efficiency of a Spherical Macroporous Epoxy-Polyamide Chelating Resin for Preconcentrating and Separating Trace Noble Metal Ions." Annali di Chimica 95.1-2 (2005): 111-14.
- Zougagh, Mohammed, J. M. Cano Pav N, and A. Garcia De Torres. "Chelating Sorbents Based on Silica Gel and Their Application in Atomic Spectrometry." Anal Bioanal Chem Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 381.6 (2005): 1103-113.
- R. R. Greenberg" and H. M. Kingston. “Trace Element Analysis of Natural Water Samples by Neutron Activation Analysis with Chelating Resin.” Center for Analytical Chemistry, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. 20234.
- Roy, P. K.; Rawat, A. S.; Choudhary, V.; Rai, P. K. (2004-11-15). "Synthesis and analytical application of a chelating resin based on a crosslinked styrene/maleic acid copolymer for the extraction of trace-metal ions". Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 94 (4): 1771–1779. doi:10.1002/app.21109. ISSN 1097-4628..
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