HM Prison Chelmsford
|Security class||Adult Male/Young Offenders Institution|
|Population||695 (as of December 2007)|
|Managed by||HM Prison Services|
|Website||Chelmsford at justice.gov.uk|
Chelmsford Prison began as a county jail in 1830 before transforming into a Category B prison, a young person's prison, and a local prison. It was expanded in 1996.
In 1999 the management at Chelmsford Prison were severely criticised by the Chief Inspector of Prisons, after findings that staff were failing to respond to cell alarms five years after a prisoner was beaten to death by his cell-mate. The prison was also criticised for unacceptably bad conditions of cleanliness. A further inspection a year later confirmed these failings at the prison. In 2002, "conditions at Chelmsford...[were] condemned as 'poor and cramped' by the gaol's board of visitors."
However, in 2005, Chelmsford was praised in its inspection for improving standards and procedures for inmates at the prison. This was confirmed a year later by the Independent Monitoring Board which praised the new management at the prison.
On 25 December 2007, 18-year-old Abdullah Hagar Idris hanged himself in the prison after he was told that he was going to be deported.
In December 2015 a riot lead to six members of staff needing hospital treatment.
The prison today
Chelmsford Prison accepts adult male prisoners and Young Offenders, convicted or on remand direct from courts within its local catchment area.
Education at the prison is contracted to Milton Keynes College, and courses offered include literacy, numeracy, information technology, art, barbering, journalism, cookery, ESOL as well as social and life programs. The prison's gym also offers physical education with industry-related qualifications, as well as recreational gym.
In addition the prison has links to, and facilities provided by, organisations such as the Job Centre and the Samaritans. There is also a Prison Visitor Centre operated by the Ormiston Children and Families Trust.
Staffing at the prison has been reduced by 25%. According to the Independent Monitoring Board bullying, violence and self-harm have increased markedly at the prison due to staff shortages. Budget cuts and the inability of the prison service to recruit and retain staff lead to fears for prison safety. The prison is becoming more dangerous and less effective. Prison health care provided by Care UK is considered poor, there were delays in getting medication and reliance on agency staff to fill vacancies.
There is insufficient secure mental health accommodation outside’ the prison for the most vulnerable inmates. The Independent Monitoring Board stated that the “level of service being provided to care for prisoners’ physical and mental health needs remains inadequate” Due to staff shortages the staff were unable to provide engagement work or education for prisoners. Illegal drugs are a problem. Use of force by staff is increasing and there is insufficient monitoring if this use is appropriate. Prisoners must spend too long in their cells. Physical and mental health services for prisoners were found to be inadequate. The staff try to engage prisoners. Money is not available for needed renovation of the Victorian building.
Following the death of a vulnerable inmate in January 2017 and criticism by the Prison ombudsman, Care UK announced it would end its healthcare contract there as the level of resource the prison service made available was insufficient.
Notable former inmates
- Alfred George Hinds
- Dean Saunders, 25,killed himself at HMP Chelmsford in January 2016. An Inquest jury found Saunders was downgraded from continuous watch to half hour checks for financial reasons and neglect contributed to his death. Care UK, a private company running healthcare at Chelmsford, "treated financial consideration as a significant reason to reduce the level of observations" although they were warned repeatedly about Dean's mental condition. Dean's mother pleaded with staff to keep him under constant watch. The jury stated Mr Saunders "and his family were let down by serious failings by mental health services and prison system" and that assessing his mental health needs was "not adequately conducted" with "multiple failings in recording and passing on information". Dean's family stated, "Hospital, not prison, is where Dean deserved and needed to be. We as a family, together with our lawyers and INQUEST, want Dean's death to mark the end of empty promises and the start of change." The Prison Ombudsman also found significant risk factors were ignored when observation of Dean Saunders was cut back. The ombudsman found those trying to care for Dean felt he should be in a mental health facility rather than prison. The ombudsman added, "I am also concerned that there appears to have been some confusion at Chelmsford about the process for transferring mentally ill prisoners to hospital, which meant that an opportunity to transfer Mr Saunders in December [of 2015] was missed. Sadly, the criminal justice system did too little to protect this very vulnerable man. Dean's father, mark Saunders said, "There was no proper medical structure there [in prison] to help him. We were lied to and mislead all the way through. We were devastated."
- In 1990 former professional footballer Tony Adams spent 57 days of a four month sentence in HMP Chelmsford for drink-driving.
In popular culture
- The 1979 film Porridge (a film version of the Porridge TV series) was filmed almost entirely on location at Chelmsford Prison.
- The punk rock band The Sex Pistols recorded a live album here called Live at Chelmsford Top Security Prison.
- Featured in TV Series Luther
- "UK | Lessons not learnt at 'dreadful' jail". BBC News. 1999-03-09. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- "UK | Inspectors condemn 'sick' prison". BBC News. 2000-11-15. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- "UK | England | Visitors board criticises prison conditions". BBC News. 2002-12-03. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- "UK | England | Essex | Inspector praises improving jail". BBC News. 2005-01-13. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- "UK | England | Essex | Praise for work to improve prison". BBC News. 2006-01-30. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- "Criticism over death of teenager at Chelmsford prison." BBC. Wednesday 2 June 2010. Retrieved on 3 June 2010.
- Danny Shaw (2013-01-10). "BBC News - Seven prison closures in England announced". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-12.
- Prison riot in Chelmsford puts staff in hospital BBC
- Chelmsford Prison suicidal inmate's treatment 'despicable' say family
- Britain’s prison suicide crisis: ‘There’s no political will. Dead prisoners do not win votes’ The Guardian
- Violence at Chelmsford Prison has 'increased sharply' BBC
- Prison officers and prisoners at risk as Chelmsford Prison struggles to cope
- "Dean Saunders death: Prison ombudsman finds 'weaknesses'". BBC News. 23 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Dean Saunders inquest: Jury finds serious failings in case BBC
- Jury concludes neglect contributed to death of Dean Saunders at HMP Chelmsford
- Dean Saunders' mother: 'I told prison officials he would kill himself' BBC
- Former football star Tony Adams says going to prison for drink-driving didn't teach him "anything"
- "Live at Chelmsford Top Security Prison: The Sex Pistols: Music". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- Ministry of Justice pages on HMP & YOI Chelmsford
- HMP & YOI Chelmsford - HM Inspectorate of Prisons Reports