Chelmsford (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Chelmsford in Essex
Location of Essex within England
|Population||105,424 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||77,835 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Chelmsford, Great Baddow|
|Member of Parliament||Vicky Ford (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||West Chelmsford, Maldon & East Chelmsford|
|Replaced by||West Chelmsford, Maldon and Chelmsford East, Rayleigh|
|Created from||West Essex|
Chelmsford is a constituency in Essex[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It has been represented since 2017 by Vicky Ford of the Conservative Party. She is currently serving as the Minister for Children in the Department for Education.
Chelmsford was one of eight single-member divisions of Essex (later classified as county constituencies) created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, replacing the three two member divisions of East, South and West Essex. It continued in existence until it was briefly abolished for the 1997 general election following the Fourth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies, but re-established for the 2010 general election as a Borough Constituency by the Fifth Review.
During its latter years, the old seat was narrowly won by a Conservative over strong Liberal Democrat performances, including their predecessor party the Liberal Party. Historically, the constituency has on occasion been referred to as 'Mid Essex', especially in the early part of the 20th Century.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1885–1918: The Sessional Divisions of Brentwood (except the parishes of Rainham and Wennington) and Chelmsford.
1918–1945: The Borough of Chelmsford, the Urban District of Brentwood, the Rural Districts of Chelmsford and Ongar, and in the Rural District of Billericay the parishes of Hutton, Ingrave, Mountnessing, Shenfield, and South Weald.
Gained eastern part of the Epping Division, including Chipping Ongar. The south-western corner, including Upminster, transferred to Romford and southernmost parts, including the town of Billericay, transferred to the South-Eastern Division.
1945–1950: The Borough of Chelmsford, the Urban District of Brentwood, and the Rural Districts of Chelmsford and Ongar.
1950–1955: The Borough of Chelmsford, and the Rural Districts of Chelmsford and Ongar.
Brentwood transferred to Romford.
1955–1974: The Borough of Chelmsford, and the Rural District of Chelmsford.
1974–1983: The Borough of Chelmsford, and in the Rural District of Chelmsford the parishes of Danbury, East Hanningfield, Great Baddow, Highwood, Ingatestone and Fryerning, Little Baddow, Margaretting, Mountnessing, Rettendon, Runwell, Sandon, South Hanningfield, Stock, West Hanningfield, and Woodham Ferrers.
Northern parts of the Rural District of Chelmsford transferred to the new County Constituency of Braintree.
1983–1997: The Borough of Chelmsford wards of All Saints, Baddow Road, Boreham and Springfield, Cathedral, Danbury and Sandon, East and West Hanningfield, Galleywood, Goat Hall, Great Baddow Village, Highwood and Margaretting, Little Baddow, Mildmays, Moulsham Lodge, Oaklands, Patching Hall, Rothmans, St Andrew's, Stock, The Lawns, and Waterhouse Farm.
Gained the Boreham and Springfield ward from Braintree. Two parishes (Ingatestone and Fryerning, and Mountnessing), included in the District of Brentwood under the Local Government Act 1972, were transferred to the County Constituency of Brentwood and Ongar. South-eastern areas, including South Woodham Ferrers, included in the new County Constituency of Rochford.
For the 1997 general election the constituency was abolished. Northern and western areas forming the majority of the new County Constituency of West Chelmsford; eastern areas included in the new County Constituency of Maldon and East Chelmsford; and a small area in the south included the new County Constituency of Rayleigh.
2010–present: The City of Chelmsford wards of Chelmer Village and Beaulieu Park, Galleywood, Goat Hall, Great Baddow East, Great Baddow West, Marconi, Moulsham and Central, Moulsham Lodge, Patching Hall, St Andrew's, Springfield North, The Lawns, Trinity, and Waterhouse Farm.
Following the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies in 2007, Parliament re-established Chelmsford as a borough constituency for the 2010 general election. For the previous three elections the constituency had been split in two halves and included more surrounding rural settlements. A majority of the electorate for this new constituency came from the previous West Chelmsford constituency. A smaller element (Great Baddow and Galleywood) came from the Maldon & East Chelmsford constituency.
The new constituency coincides with the built-up area which comprises the City of Chelmsford.
At its first contest in 2010, the seat was closely fought by the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats, who finished less than 10% apart, with Conservative candidate Simon Burns (the former MP for West Chelmsford) being elected. Labour polled 11%, despite having been only around 100 votes behind the Liberal Democrats in West Chelmsford in 2005, and even taking second place in 2001.
Members of Parliament
MPs since 2010
|2010||Sir Simon Burns||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Marie Goldman||14,313||25.1||+12.9|
|Monster Raving Loony||Mark Lawrence||580||1.0||+1.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Robinson||6,916||12.2||+0.3|
|Labour||Chris Vince ||9,482||17.6||+6.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Robinson||6,394||11.9||−24.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Robinson||20,097||36.8||+6.6|
|English Democrat||Claire Breed||254||0.5||+0.3|
|Reduce Tax On Beer||Ben Sherman||153||0.3||+0.3|
- * Served in the 2005–2010 Parliament as MP for West Chelmsford
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Hugh Nicholson||20,783||29.4||−11.1|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative||Norman St John-Stevas||29,824||47.6||−2.0|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||Norman St John-Stevas||33,808||49.6||+8.0|
|Labour||Susan Ann Reeves||6,041||8.9||−14.3|
|Conservative||Norman St John-Stevas||26,334||41.6||−1.3|
|Labour||John Thomas Acklaw||14,711||23.2||−0.9|
|Conservative||Norman St John-Stevas||28,560||42.9||−11.1|
|Conservative||Norman St John-Stevas||36,821||55.15|
|Independent||Joseph D Steel||350||0.52|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Norman St John-Stevas||28,600||47.16|
|Liberal||W Peter Longhurst||8,419||13.88|
|Conservative||Norman St John-Stevas||27,849||47.95|
|Labour||E Gordon Lawrence||20,816||35.84|
|Liberal||W Peter Longhurst||9,414||16.21|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Brian Ralph Clapham||20,124||40.15|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1940s
|Common Wealth||Ernest Millington||27,309||46.7|
|Common Wealth hold||Swing|
|Common Wealth||Ernest Millington||24,548||57.5|
|Common Wealth gain from Conservative||Swing|
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: John Macnamara
- Labour: Mary Day
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||Nils Henry Moller||8,910||22.8||+0.8|
|Labour||Nils Henry Moller||6,140||22.0||+12.0|
|Labour||Nils Henry Moller||2,904||10.0||n/a|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+15.5|
|Unionist||E. G. Pretyman||10,185||44.2||–8.4|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+17.2|
|Unionist||E. G. Pretyman||11,267||52.6||–14.3|
Elections in the 1910s
|C||Unionist||E. G. Pretyman||11,217||66.9||N/A|
|Labour||William Frederick Toynbee||5,551||33.1||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative||E. G. Pretyman||Unopposed|
|Conservative||E. G. Pretyman||6,816||61.5||–1.7|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||E. G. Pretyman||6,152||63.2||+10.8|
|Liberal||Alexander Henry Dence||3,587||36.8||−10.8|
|Liberal||Alexander Henry Dence||4,461||47.6||+20.5|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||William Ebenezer Grigsby||2,799||40.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative win (new seat)|
| UK Parliament constituency
Chelmsford (West), Writtle
| UK Parliament constituency
Chelmsford (East), Great Baddow, Danbury
Maldon and Chelmsford East
| UK Parliament constituency
Brentwood and Ongar
| UK Parliament constituency
| UK Parliament constituency
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- "Chelmsford: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Frederick Carne Rasch Alumnus Record". University of Cambridge Alumni Print Records. University of Cambridge. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
- Fraser, Hugh (1918). The Representation of the people act, 1918 : with explanatory notes. University of California Libraries. London : Sweet and Maxwell.
- Craig, Fred W. S. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0900178094. OCLC 539011.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
- "Chelmsford 1885–1997". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)
- "Chelmsford parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News.
- "=Chelmsford City Council". Retrieved 18 May 2017.[permanent dead link]
- "MEP Vicky Ford to fight for Chelmsford seat in General election". ITV. 29 April 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
- "General Election 2017 – Candidate List – (A – M)". labour.org.uk. Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Chelmsford parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "CHELMSFORD 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
- "Mark Gough PPC page". UK Independence Party. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British parliamentary election results 1885–1918
- "Profile of To-day". Gloucester Citizen. 2 September 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1974 – 1983
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons 1983, 1987 & 1992
- nomis Constituency Profile for Chelmsford — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.