Chelsea, Oklahoma

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Chelsea, Oklahoma
Town
Location in Oklahoma
Location in Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°32′8″N 95°25′53″W / 36.53556°N 95.43139°W / 36.53556; -95.43139Coordinates: 36°32′8″N 95°25′53″W / 36.53556°N 95.43139°W / 36.53556; -95.43139
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Rogers
Area
 • Total 1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Land 1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 722 ft (220 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,964
 • Density 1,155.3/sq mi (446.4/km2)
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
ZIP code 74016
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-13700[1]
GNIS feature ID 1091232[2]
The high school mascot is the Green Dragons.

Chelsea is a town in Rogers County, Oklahoma. The population was 1,964 at the 2010 census, a decline of 8.3 percent from 2,136 at the 2000 census.[3] Chelsea was named after the area in London, England, by Charles Peach, a railroad official who was a native of that city. The town was the site of the Chelsea-Alluwe Oil Field, which produced a significant amount of oil from about 1910 until the early 1920s before it played out.[4]

History[edit]

In 1881, Chelsea began as a stop on the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. A post office was established in November 1882. The community incorporated as a town in the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, in 1889. The town was surveyed and platted in 1902. The Bank of Chelsea, the first state bank in Indian Territory, began operation in March 1896.[4]

The town economy has historically rested on farming, ranching and oil production. Important farm products were oats, corn, wheat and pecans. A flour mill built circa 1892 was one of Chelsea's original industries. Chelsea became noted as a shipping point for cattle and hay before statehood in 1907. The Chelsea-Alluwe oil field was discovered southwest of Chelsea in 1889 by the United States Oil and Gas Company.[4]

According to the American Oil & Gas Historical Society, Edward Byrd, whose wife was a Cherokee woman, discovered oil seeps in 1882 southwest Chelsea, which was then part of the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory. He apparently took no action to exploit his discovery until 1887, when he and William B. Linn, a Pennsylvanian, and a group of investors from Kansas organized the United States Oil and Gas Company (USOGC). The company subsequently leased drilling rights from the Cherokee Nation on 100,000 acres (400 km2) of land lying west of Chelsea between the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad and the Verdigris River. USOGC completed its first well in 1890, on Spencer Creek. It was a rudimentary operation, compared to productive sites completed a few years later. The well began producing a half barrel of good-quality crude per day from a depth of only 36 feet (11 m). This was enough for USOGC enthusiasts to claim it was, "... the first oil well in Oklahoma."[5]

Chelsea's claim to the first oil well proved to be untrue. Although USOGC drilled ten other wells on its lease in the next two years, the total production was said to be only 12 barrels, economically insignificant, after which the company ceased operating. The Cherokee Oil and Gas Company then took over the lease. By then, the Cherokee government had limited the size of each lease to 12,000 acres (49 km2). It and other companies later drilled more productive wells which proved economically viable. The whole area became known as the Chelsea-Alluwe Oil Field. Significant production dropped after 1916 and the oil companies stopped work in this field shortly after.[5]

Geography[edit]

Chelsea is located at 36°32′8″N 95°25′53″W / 36.53556°N 95.43139°W / 36.53556; -95.43139 (36.535544, -95.431466).[6] It is 19 miles (31 km) northeast of Claremore and 47 miles (76 km) northeast of Tulsa.[4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 566
1910 1,350 138.5%
1920 1,692 25.3%
1930 1,527 −9.8%
1940 1,642 7.5%
1950 1,437 −12.5%
1960 1,541 7.2%
1970 1,622 5.3%
1980 1,754 8.1%
1990 1,620 −7.6%
2000 2,136 31.9%
2010 1,964 −8.1%
Est. 2015 1,969 [7] 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,136 people, 835 households, and 539 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,267.4 people per square mile (488.0/km²). There were 961 housing units at an average density of 570.2 per square mile (219.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.93% White, 25.70% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 8.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 835 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,127, and the median income for a family was $29,432. Males had a median income of $29,018 versus $19,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,889. About 14.9% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 24.3% of those age 65 or over.

Pryor Creek Bridge
Hogue House

Education[edit]

Chelsea High School, is a 2A School with Grades K-12. In 1998 the Chelsea High School boys track team won the state championship. In 2007 the Chelsea High School Varsity cheerleading squad won the state championship. Also in 2007 the Chelsea High School Softball team won state championship. In 2013, the Chelsea Academic team won the 3A State Championship. Chelsea is also known for its FFA organization.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

In July 2015 all police officers of the Chelsea Police Department quit. They decided to preemptively leave instead of being fired; the police chief was going to be fired and they learned about this plan. The Rogers County Sheriff's Office temporarily took over policing duties. In January 2016 Chelsea hired retired Claremore Police Lt. Rick Jones as the new police chief.[9]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

The following sites in Chelsea are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

  • Chelsea Motel
  • Hogue House
  • Pryor Creek Bridge

Notable residents[edit]

  • World Series MVP Pitcher Ralph Terry was a member of Chelsea High School Green Dragons baseball teams.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ CensusViewer: Chelsea, Oklahoma Population. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d McSpadden, Donna Casity, "Chelsea", Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, retrieved January 10, 2012 .
  5. ^ a b "Oklahoma’s Other First Oil Well." American Oil & Gas Historical Society. 2017. Accessed December 1, 2017.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Entire Chelsea Police Department Quits; Rogers County Covering Calls" (Archive). News on 6. July 16, 2015. Retrieved on July 17, 2015.

External links[edit]