Cheltenham, Victoria

Coordinates: 37°58′01″S 145°04′05″E / 37.967°S 145.068°E / -37.967; 145.068
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The City of Kingston Headquarters on Nepean Highway, Cheltenham.
Cheltenham is located in Melbourne
Coordinates37°58′01″S 145°04′05″E / 37.967°S 145.068°E / -37.967; 145.068
Population23,992 (2021 census)[1]
 • Density2,375/km2 (6,152/sq mi)
Elevation38 m (125 ft)
Area10.1 km2 (3.9 sq mi)
Location18 km (11 mi) from Melbourne
State electorate(s)
Federal division(s)
Suburbs around Cheltenham:
Highett Highett Moorabbin
Sandringham Cheltenham Heatherton
Black Rock Beaumaris Mentone

Cheltenham is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia,[2] 18 km south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Cities of Bayside and Kingston local government areas. Cheltenham recorded a population of 23,992 at the 2021 census.[1]

Cheltenham is currently undergoing significant gentrification and development. The eastern side of the area's metropolitan railway line and Charman Road north is located within the City of Kingston, while the suburb's western region towards extensive golf links, parks and Port Phillip Bay falls within the City of Bayside.

A significant feature in Cheltenham is Westfield Southland, a major shopping centre which opened in 1968.


The Boon Wurrung people had used natural springs in the area and when European settlers arrived they established market gardens and orchards nearby.[3]

Cheltenham was one of the earliest areas to be settled in the parish of Moorabbin. It initially consisted of 625 acres of land purchased at auction by Josiah Morris Holloway on 11 May 1852. He subdivided this land into 370 allotments that were offered for sale in 1853. Many of the blocks were two acres in size and this gave the community its first name, Two Acre Village.[4]

Lot 13 was purchased by Charles Whorrell for £20 and was located on the corner of Schnapper Point Road (Nepean Highway) and Centre Dandenong Road.[5] On the allotment he built a hotel, the Cheltenham Inn, named after his home town in England, and a publican's license was granted in 1854.[6] It was probably the first public building in the community and is believed to have given its name to the settlement.[7][8] It later became a coffee palace before being demolished in the 1930s. Another pub, the Armagh Hotel (Royal Oak), had been built on Schnapper Point Road by 1856.[9] A third pub, the Exchange Hotel (Tudor Inn) had been built nearby on the highway by 1871. By 1880, a fortnightly sale of livestock and produce took place behind the hotel.

Sufficient population had settled for a Post Office to open on 1 August 1857.[10] The community had a medical practitioner by November 1857, Dr Richard Goldstone (1802–1888).[11] A Mechanics' Institute was opened in January 1865, with a Temperance Hall attached that could accommodate 300 people.[12]

Local government began with the creation of the Moorabbin Roads Board in 1862. This became the Moorabbin Shire Council in 1871. Which in turn became the City of Moorabbin in October 1934. This became the City of Kingston in 1994 following a program of municipal amalgamations initiated by the state government. Cheltenham is the largest suburb in the municipality in terms of size and population and it contains the seat of local government.

Cheltenham Park dates to 1872, and was used for cricket and other recreational activities.[13] In all, Cheltenham contains 13 parks that make up 5.3% of the suburb.

The area experienced a spurt of growth in the 1880s after the Cheltenham railway station opened in 1881. A branch of the English, Scottish and Australian Bank opened in 1885.[14] It was a substantial brick building on the corner of Nepean Highway and Goulburn St. It was still in use as a bank till the 1960s.

Much residential development occurred in the second half of the 1940s after World War II ended and this growth continued into the 1980s. The growing population of the area saw the construction of the Southland shopping centre on Nepean Highway in the mid 1960s. Cheltenham also has a large industrial area on the eastern edge and a smaller area at the far western edge. The western area is noted for Melbourne's only lift test shaft.

In 1993, the landmark 7-storey 1230 Nepean Highway office tower was built. The City of Kingston leased spaced within the building for use as its main office before purchasing it in 2010.[15]


In the 2016 Census, there were 22,291 people in Cheltenham. 66.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 3.9%, China 2.8%, India 2.2%, Greece 2.2% and New Zealand 1.6%. 72.4% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Greek 4.8%, Mandarin 3.1%, Russian 1.7%, Italian 1.5% and Hindi 0.8%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 34.2%, Catholic 23.6% and Anglican 10.3%.[16]


The Kingston centre is a large aged care and rehabilitation facility which opened on Warrigal Road, Cheltenham, in 1911 as the Melbourne Benevolent Asylum.[17] It was known as the Cheltenham Home and Hospital for the Aged from 1965 through to 1970, before it was renamed to the Kingston Centre.The Heatherton Sanatorium with its entrance on Kingston Road (Heatherton, Victoria) is a now defunct sanatorium located behind the Kingston Centre and it operated for nearly 85 years, before it was closed in 1998.[18][19]

In 2010, The Kingston Centre underwent a $46.3-million redevelopment, which was opened on 11 May 2012.[20][21]


There are six schools in the suburb of Cheltenham; five of which focus on Primary education with the remaining one focusing on Secondary education. They are:

Le Page Primary School was formed as a result of the merger of former primary schools Cheltenham Heights Primary School and Cheltenham North Primary School in 1994.[28]

The Cheltenham Community and Education Centre is located at 8 Chesterville Road, Cheltenham. They offer English as a Second Language (ESL) classes, courses, childcare facilities and workshops.


Cheltenham is home to sporting facilities and clubs. Sports played in the area include soccer, golf, cricket, Australian rules football, lawn bowls, baseball and swimming. There are a number of golf courses in Cheltenham; Cheltenham Golf Club on Victor Avenue which has nine holes however can be played as an eighteen-hole course from different tee boxes,[29] Sandringham Municipal Golf Links on Cheltenham Road,[30] and the Victoria Golf Club on Park Road[31]

The suburb has two Australian Rules football teams. The Rosellas compete in the Southern Football League, as well as the Panthers who compete in the South Metro Junior Football League

Cheltenham Football and Cricket Clubs are based in Weatherall Road. The Cricket Club was established in 1872, originally in the Frankston-Glenhuntly Cricket Association, and migrating to the Federal District Cricket Association where the junior sides still play. The three senior sides now play in Cricket Southern Bayside.

Bentleigh Greens Soccer Club's senior team play in the National Premier Leagues Victoria which is the top tier in Victoria. Their home ground is the Kingston Heath Soccer Complex.


Cheltenham is home to the shopping centre Westfield Southland, located in the northern part of the suburb. When it opened in 1968 it featured a small number of "anchor tenants", such as Myer and Woolworths, and dozens of smaller retailers, banks and cafes. Since its opening, the shopping centre has been continually expanded and renovated over the years. One such development was the construction of multi-level retail bridge across Nepean Highway linking to a newer three-level extension near the railway line. Southland now features up to 416 stores including 3 department stores, 3 discount department stores, 3 supermarkets, 3 electrical retailers and a 16 screen Village Cinemas Multiplex.[32]

Many new retail outlets have popped up in Cheltenham in recent years, most notably DFO Moorabbin, which is located adjacent to Moorabbin Airport. DFO was originally built in 1992 as Fairways Market,[33] and it is a large shopping centre that contains up to 135 stores, mainly fashion outlets.[34]

Kingston Central Plaza, situated next to DFO, is also a new shopping precinct, which opened in 2008 and has 10 stores including: The Good Guys, Aldi and Sam's Warehouse.[35]

Cheltenham Shopping centre is located in the centre of Cheltenham, on Charman Road. It is a large shopping strip that has a mixture of retail, residential buildings and offices.[36]

A farmers market is held on the first Saturday of each month on parkland near the intersection of Nepean Highway and Bay Road.

Places of worship[edit]

There are a number of religious organisations and places of worship in Cheltenham, including Anglican, Church of Christ, Uniting, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic and Pentecostal/Charismatic Christian churches.


The Cheltenham Pioneers Cemetery is located in Charman Road, next to the railway station, and was established in October 1864. The cemetery has many of Cheltenham's most distinguished inhabitants. There are also many memorials to some of Cheltenham's youngest inhabitants, such as the many unnamed babies from the nearby Children's Home (the site is now occupied by Westfield Southland Shopping centre) who died as a result of disease early in the 20th century.[37]

Most burials now take place at the Cheltenham Memorial Park, located on Reserve Road, which was established in 1933.[38]


Cheltenham train station entrance

The suburb has been serviced by Cheltenham railway station since December 1881, which is located on the Frankston line, alongside Charman Road.[39] In 2017 an additional railway station opened in Cheltenham's north; Southland railway station adjacent to the busy shopping centre of the same name, Westfield Southland shopping complex.[40] Bus routes also service the suburb, mainly focusing on the large Westfield Southland Shopping centre complex, Warrigal Road (Highway) to the far east, Park Road to the north and Centre Dandenong Road around the suburb's geographic centre.

In 2020 the Victorian government completely rebuilt Cheltenham train station and removed two level crossings in the suburb.[41]

Library services[edit]

The Cheltenham branch of the City of Kingston Library is located 12 Stanley Avenue, Cheltenham.[42]

Activity Centres[edit]

Cheltenham is one of 82 higher order Major Activity Centres[43] identified by the Melbourne 2030 growth planning policy. Although the growth planning policy was scrapped by the Victorian coalition government in April 2011, some elements of the policy still remain, including activity centres.[44][45] Development of Cheltenham's Major Activity Centre, which is within 400m of Cheltenham railway station, is to be completed by 2030.[46]

Southland is one of 28 Principal Activity Centre's located adjacent to the Highett Activity Centre and the Cheltenham Activity Centre. The activity centre's main focal point is Westfield Southland shopping complex.[43][47][48]


In terms of State and Federal Government, Cheltenham is situated in the Electoral district of Clarinda, Bentleigh and Sandringham for state parliament and the Electoral district of Goldstein and Isaacs in the federal system.

In the 2018 and 2022 Victorian State elections and the 2019 Australian Federal Election, every booth in Cheltenham reported a two-party majority of votes for the Labor Party.

State parliamentarians[edit]

Electoral district of Clarinda
Member Party Term
  Hong Lim Labor 2014–2018
  Meng Heang Tak Labor 2018–present
Electoral district of Bentleigh
Member Party Term
  Nick Staikos Labor 2014–present
Electoral district of Sandringham
Member Party Term
  Sir Murray Porter LCP 1955–1970
  Max Crellin Liberal 1970–1982
  Graham Ihlein Labor 1982–1985
  David Lea Liberal 1985–1992
  Murray Thompson Liberal 1992–2018
  Brad Rowswell Liberal 2018-present

Federal parliamentarians[edit]

Division of Goldstein
Member Party Term
  Ian Macphee Liberal 1984–1990
  David Kemp Liberal 1990–2004
  Andrew Robb Liberal 2004–2016
  Tim Wilson Liberal 2016–2022
  Zoe Daniel Independent 2022-present
Division of Isaacs
  Mark Dreyfus Labor 2007–present

As of 2021, Cheltenham is split between 'Wattle Ward' 'Karkarook Ward' and 'Chicquita Ward' in the City of Kingston, currently represented by Jenna Davey-Burns, Hadi Saab and Tracey Davies.[69]

Cheltenham, Victoria, is a "twin town" with six other Cheltenham's around the world:[70][71][72][73]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]


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  2. ^ "Postcode for Cheltenham, Victoria".
  3. ^ Brown-May, Andrew; Swain, Shurlee (2005). The Encyclopaedia of Melbourne. Cambridge University Press. p. 127.
  4. ^ Kingston Local History, Josiah Holloway, archived from the original on 21 November 2008, retrieved 22 October 2008
  5. ^ Whitehead, Graham (2012), Two acre village: a Cheltenham history, Parkdale, City of Kingston, p.11. ISBN 9780646582108
  6. ^ The Argus, 19 April 1854, p.5
  7. ^ Whitehead, Two acre village, p.11
  8. ^ Around the graves; newsletter of the friends of Cheltenham and region cemeteries, Nov/Dec 2013, No.36
  9. ^ Argus, 15 April 1856, p.2
  10. ^ Phoenix Auctions History, Post Office List, retrieved 27 January 2021
  11. ^ The Age, 21 November 1857, p.5
  12. ^ The Herald, 13 January 1865, p.2
  13. ^ Whitehead, Graham J. (12 June 2010). "Beautifying Cheltenham Park" Archived 10 January 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Kingston Historical Website. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  14. ^ Sheehy, Tom (1966). A Sort History of Moorabbin (Second ed.). Melbourne: Standard Newspapers. p. 22.
  15. ^ "Site maintenance". Archived from the original on 23 July 2011.
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  17. ^ "Our heritage - Southern Health". Archived from the original on 22 January 2011.
  18. ^ Heatherton Tuberculosis Sanatorium Archived 22 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Bennett, Alan. (30 January 1998). "Heatherton Tuberculosis Sanatorium" Archived 22 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Kingston Historical Website. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  20. ^ "Lorraine Wreford MLA - "$46.3m Kingston Centre stage 2 opens. Better rehab in Cheltenham."". Archived from the original on 26 March 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  21. ^ "Capital works projects - Southern Health". Archived from the original on 27 December 2010.
  22. ^ "Secondary Colleges in Australia".
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  24. ^ Cheltenham East: Overview Archived 17 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "About Our School - Le Page PS". Archived from the original on 16 February 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  26. ^ "Facilities".
  27. ^ OLA Cheltenham profile Archived 12 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine
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  30. ^ Golf Select, Sandringham, retrieved 11 May 2009
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  38. ^ Archived 2 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine
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  40. ^ a b Carmody, Broede. (15 August 2016). "Southland Station construction starts, some Frankston line disruption to follow". The Age. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  41. ^ "Charman and Park roads, Cheltenham | Level Crossing Removal Project". 22 June 2022.
  42. ^ "Site maintenance". Archived from the original on 2 October 2008.
  43. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Cheltenham Structure Plan 2010
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  45. ^ "Man with a plan". The Age. 23 June 2011.
  46. ^ "Cheltenham revamp a step closer - Local News - News - Moorabbin Leader". Archived from the original on 6 July 2011.
  47. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  48. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  49. ^ 232-240 Charman Road, Cheltenham - Urban Melbourne. Retrieved 1 January 2017
  50. ^ 7-21 Station Street, Cheltenham - Urban Melbourne. Retrieved 1 January 2017
  51. ^ 44-46 Station Street, Cheltenham - Urban Melbourne. Retrieved 1 January 2017
  52. ^ Chester – 3 Chesterville Road, Cheltenham. Retrieved 10 January 2017
  53. ^ 1261-1263 Nepean Highway, Cheltenham - Urban Melbourne. Retrieved 10 January 2017
  54. ^ Taylor, Alastair. (20 February 2017). "Rail trenches for Cheltenham and Mentone, hundreds of new units in the development pipeline to benefit". Retrieved 21 February 2017
  55. ^ Barker Maude - 11-19 Hall Street, Cheltenham. Retrieved 10 January 2017
  56. ^ Barker Maude - 15 Maude Street, Cheltenham. Retrieved 10 January 2017
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  63. ^ Savage, Alison. (23 April 2014). "Deal reached to build new station at Southland Shopping Centre". ABC News. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  64. ^ "157 Park Rd, Cheltenham". RayWhite. 11 December 2013
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  67. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 March 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  68. ^ "".
  69. ^ "Council Wards - Kingston City Council".
  70. ^ "Cheltenham Twinning Association".
  71. ^ "Information on other Cheltenhams around the world - Other Cheltenhams - Cheltenham Borough Council".
  72. ^ Other Cheltenhams Archived 11 January 2013 at
  73. ^ "Twinning Committee - Cheltenham, PA".
  74. ^ Herman Herlitz, ADB
  75. ^ Henry Plow Kane, ADB
  76. ^ Hattie Martha Leckie, ADB.
  77. ^ Stella Power, ADB

External links[edit]