Cheltenham (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Cheltenham in Gloucestershire.
Location of Gloucestershire within England.
|Population||104,867 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||77,937 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Alex Chalk (Conservatives)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
Cheltenham // or // is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 7 May 2015 by Alex Chalk, a Conservative. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 History
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Election in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 External links
1918-1983: The Municipal Borough of Cheltenham, and the Urban District of Charlton Kings.
1983-1997: The Borough of Cheltenham, and the Borough of Tewkesbury wards of Leckhampton with Up Hatherley, Prestbury St Mary's, and Prestbury St Nicolas.
1997-2010: The Borough of Cheltenham wards of All Saints, Charlton Kings, College, Hatherley and The Reddings, Hesters Way, Lansdown, Park, Pittville, St Mark's, St Paul’s, and St Peter's.
2010–present: The Borough of Cheltenham wards of All Saints, Battledown, Benhall and The Reddings, Charlton Kings, Charlton Park, College, Hesters Way, Lansdown, Leckhampton, Oakley, Park, Pittville, St Mark’s, St Paul’s, St Peter’s, Springbank, Up Hatherley, and Warden Hill.
Famous for its racecourse which hosts in March the annual Cheltenham Gold Cup, a long-established girls' school and right at the edge of the Cotswold Hills, Cheltenham has a large tourism sector. GE Aviation is a large employer and GCHQ, the government communications centre, is here, so numbers of highly skilled workers and professionals (47.5% in the year ended September 2014) are well above the national average (44.6%). One of the West of England's most upmarket towns, the few neighbourhoods of medium levels in the Index of Multiple Deprivation are almost wholly in Hester's Way ward which has the most social housing. About 10% of the electorate are students at the University of Gloucestershire just outside the compact town centre. A Liberal Democrat served the seat from 1992 when their candidate Nigel Jones overturned four decades of Conservative MPs to 2015 when the Tories regained the seat.
Cheltenham borough constituency was created in the Great Reform Act of 1832 and has returned nine Liberals (or Liberal Democrats) and nine Conservatives to Parliament since that time, along with one independent.
A Conservative served the constituency from 1950 until 1992. The Conservatives' campaign in the 1992 general election following the Poll Tax Riots saw a local party member's racist remarks about their own candidate, John Taylor, of Afro-Caribbean descent. Taylor lost the election to Nigel Jones of the Liberal Democrats.
In 2000, Jones was nearly murdered in a horrific incident at one of his MP's surgeries; a man attacked him and an assistant with a samurai sword. His colleague, Andrew Pennington, was killed in the attack. Jones was made a life peer in 2005. The Liberal Democrats held Cheltenham in the 2005 election when Martin Horwood won the election and held it again in 2010 but lost when the Conservatives retook the seat in 2015.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||Alex Chalk ||24,790||46.1||+5.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Horwood ||18,274||34.0||−16.5|
|Labour||Paul Gilbert ||3,902||7.3||+2.1|
|Green||Adam Van Coevorden||2,689||5.0||+5.0|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+10.75|
|General Election 2010: Cheltenham|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Horwood||26,659||50.5||+9.0|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Reginald Stephen Hanks||493||0.9||−0.3|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+2.05|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Cheltenham|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Horwood||18,122||41.5||−6.2|
|Independent||Dr Robert Hodges ||2,651||6.1||N/A|
|Green||Keith Derek Bessant||908||2.1||+0.3|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Reginald Stephen Hanks||525||1.2||0.0|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−3.6|
|General Election 2001: Cheltenham|
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel David Jones||19,970||47.7||−1.7|
|Conservative||Rob Edward Garnham||14,715||35.2||−1.1|
|Labour||Andrew Barnes Erlam||5,041||12.0||+1.9|
|Green||Keith Derek Bessant||735||1.8||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Reginald Stephen Hanks||513||1.2||+0.5|
|ProLife Alliance||Anthony John Gates||272||0.7||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−0.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Cheltenham|
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel David Jones||24,877||49.45||+2.1|
|Conservative||William John Todman||18,232||36.24||−8.5|
|Referendum||Alison Fiona Powell||1,065||2.1||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Reginald Stephen Hanks||375||0.8||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Anne Harriss||245||0.5||N/A|
|Natural Law||Sally Bridget Brighouse||107||0.2||−0.1|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+5.3|
|General Election 1992: Cheltenham|
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel David Jones||30,351||47.3||+5.0|
|Conservative||John David Beckett Taylor||28,683||44.7||−5.4|
|Labour||Mrs Pamela Rose Tatlow||4,077||6.4||−1.2|
|Independent||Mervyn David Rendell||665||1.0||N/A|
|Natural Law||Henry Willoughby Brighouse||169||0.3||N/A|
|Independent||Mark Ashley Bruce-Smith||162||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Cheltenham|
|Liberal||Richard Gordon Holme||26,475||42.3||+1.3|
|Labour||Michael Norman Luker||4,701||7.5||−0.1|
|General Election 1983: Cheltenham|
|Liberal||Richard Gordon Holme||23,669||41.0||+11.0|
|Labour||Mrs. Judith Marjorie James||4,390||7.6||−10.7|
|Ecology||David George Swindley||479||0.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||Charles Graham Irving||25,618||51.0||+4.9|
|Liberal||Nigel David Jones||15,080||30.0||+1.9|
|National Front||Raymond Arthur Jacklin||342||0.7||N/A|
|General Election October 1974: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||Charles Graham Irving||21,691||46.1||+3.1|
|Liberal||Frederick Carson Rodger||13,237||28.1||−3.0|
|Labour||Frederick Charles Inglis||12,134||25.8||+0.1|
|General Election February 1974: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||Sir Douglas Dodds-Parker||21,723||43.0||−7.2|
|Liberal||Frederick Carson Rodger||15,811||31.3||+12.8|
|General Election 1970: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker||22,823||50.2||−3.2|
|Labour||Leslie George Godwin||14,213||31.3||−15.3|
|Liberal||A George Aldridge||8,431||18.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker||22,683||53.4||+6.2|
|Labour||W. John Wilson||19,768||46.6||+11.9|
|General Election 1964: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker||19,797||47.2||−3.8|
|Liberal||James Anthony Lemkin||7,568||18.1||−1.4|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||William Whitehead Hicks Beach||21,997||51.0||−8.3|
|Labour||Dr Kamalakant G. Pendse||12,725||29.5||−11.2|
|Liberal||George Grimes Watson||8,428||19.5||N/A|
|General Election 1955: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||William Whitehead Hicks Beach||24,259||59.3||+2.2|
|General Election 1951: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||William Whitehead Hicks Beach||23,674||57.1||+13.7|
|General Election 1950: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||William Whitehead Hicks Beach||18,009||43.4||+17.6|
|Labour||A. G. James||13,027||31.4||+1.5|
|Independent Conservative||Daniel Leopold Lipson||10,449||25.2||−18.1|
|Conservative gain from Independent Conservative||Swing|
Election in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Cheltenham|
|Independent Conservative||Daniel Leopold Lipson||16,081||43.3||+3.3|
|Labour||Miss Phyllis Maude Warner||11,095||29.9||+0.4|
|Conservative||William Whitehead Hicks Beach||9,972||26.8||−43.7|
|Independent Conservative hold||Swing||+1.5|
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1930s
|Cheltenham by-election, 1937|
|Independent Conservative||Daniel Leopold Lipson||10,533||40.0||n/a|
|Conservative||R. T. Harper||10,194||38.8||−31.7|
|Labour||Cyril C Poole||5,570||21.2||−8.3|
|Independent Conservative gain from Conservative||Swing||n/a|
|General Election 1935: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||Sir Walter Reuben Preston||18,574||70.5||−10.6|
|Labour||Hon. Elizabeth Pakenham||7,784||29.5||+10.6|
|General Election 1931: Cheltenham|
|Conservative||Sir Walter Reuben Preston||22,524||81.1||+27.9|
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1929: Cheltenham |
|Unionist||Sir Walter Reuben Preston||15,279||53.2||+3.7|
|Liberal||Frank Walter Raffety||8,533||29.7||-2.0|
|Labour||William Ramsey Piggott||4,920||17.1||-1.7|
|Cheltenham by-election, 1928 |
|Unionist||Sir Walter Reuben Preston||10,438||49.5||−7.1|
|Liberal||Sir John Fowler Leece Brunner||6,678||31.7||−11.7|
|Labour||Florence Beatrice Widdowson||3,962||18.8||n/a|
|General Election 1924: Cheltenham |
|Unionist||Rt Hon Sir James Tynte Agg-Gardner||11,909||56.6||+3.2|
|Liberal||Joseph Stanley Holmes||9,146||43.4||-3.2|
|General Election 1923: Cheltenham |
|Unionist||Sir James Tynte Agg-Gardner||10,514||53.4||-4.6|
|General Election 1922 : Cheltenham |
|Unionist||Sir James Tynte Agg-Gardner||11,383||58.0||-2.3|
Elections in the 1910s
|General Election 14 December 1918: Cheltenham |
- endorsed by Coalition Government
General Election 1914/15:
A general election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the autumn of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election.
Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place.
|Cheltenham by-election, 1911|
|Conservative||James Tynte Agg-Gardner||4,043|
|General Election December 1910: Cheltenham |
|Conservative||Vere Brabazon Ponsonby, Viscount Duncannon||3,753||49.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election January 1910: Cheltenham |
|Conservative||Vere Brabazon Ponsonby, Viscount Duncannon||3,988||50.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1900s
|General Election 1906|
|Liberal||John Edward Sears||3,910||52.7||n/a|
|Conservative||James Tynte Agg-Gardner||3,509||47.3||n/a|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||n/a|
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- "Cheltenham: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Constituency Profile". nomis Constituency Profile for Cheltenham. Source: Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Cheltenham 1832-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- https://democracy.cheltenham.gov.uk/mgElectionAreaResults.aspx?ID=21&RPID=477109 19 June 2015
- "UK ELECTION RESULTS". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
- "Paul Gilbert". YourNextMP.
- "UKIP Cheltenham". ukipcheltenham.org.uk.
- jrmaidment (29 October 2014). "Cheltenham Decides 2015: Meet the independent MP candidate Richard Lupson-Darnell". Glocestershire Echo. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Acting Returning officer (7 May 2010). "Election Results - Cheltenham Borough Council". Electoral Services. Cheltenham Borough Council. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Doctor plans to fight West seat". BBC News. 15 April 2005.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 (Craig)
- Cheltenham Chronicle, 25 Feb 1939
- Cheltenham Chronicle, 20 Jan 1939
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- nomis Constituency Profile for Cheltenham — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.