Cheltenham (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Cheltenham in Gloucestershire.
Location of Gloucestershire within England.
|Population||104,867 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||77,937 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Alex Chalk (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
Cheltenham (//) is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 7 May 2015 by Alex Chalk, a Conservative. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 History
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Election in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 5.15 Election in the 1870s
- 5.16 Elections in the 1860s
- 5.17 Elections in the 1850s
- 6 Elections in the 1840s
- 7 Elections in the 1830s
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
1918-1950: The Municipal Borough of Cheltenham, and the Urban District of Charlton Kings.
1950-1983: As prior but with redrawn boundaries.
1983-1997: The Borough of Cheltenham, and the Borough of Tewkesbury wards of Leckhampton with Up Hatherley, Prestbury St Mary's, and Prestbury St Nicolas. Leckhampton, Up Hatherley, and Prestbury were added to the seat from the Cirencester and Tewkesbury constituency; they had been previously been in the abolished Cheltenham Rural District.
1997-2010: The Borough of Cheltenham wards of All Saints, Charlton Kings, College, Hatherley and The Reddings, Hesters Way, Lansdown, Park, Pittville, St Mark's, St Paul's, and St Peter's. Leckhampton, Up Hatherley, and Prestbury were transferred to the new Tewkesbury constituency; they had been incorporated into the redrawn Borough of Cheltenham in 1991.
2010-present: The Borough of Cheltenham wards of All Saints, Battledown, Benhall and The Reddings, Charlton Kings, Charlton Park, College, Hesters Way, Lansdown, Leckhampton, Oakley, Park, Pittville, St Mark's, St Paul's, St Peter's, Springbank, Up Hatherley, and Warden Hill. Leckhampton and Up Hatherley were transferred back to this seat from the Tewkesbury seat.
Famous for its racecourse which hosts in March the annual Cheltenham Gold Cup, a long-established girls' school and right at the edge of the Cotswold Hills, Cheltenham has a large tourism sector. GE Aviation is a large employer and GCHQ, the government communications centre, is here, so numbers of highly skilled workers and professionals (47.5% in the year ended September 2014) are well above the national average (44.6%). One of the West of England's most upmarket towns, the few neighbourhoods of medium levels in the Index of Multiple Deprivation are almost wholly in Hester's Way ward which has the most social housing. About 10% of the electorate are students at the University of Gloucestershire just outside the compact town centre. A Liberal Democrat served the seat from 1992 when their candidate Nigel Jones overturned four decades of Conservative MPs to 2015 when the Tories regained the seat.
Cheltenham borough constituency was created in the Great Reform Act of 1832 and has returned nine Liberals (or Liberal Democrats) and nine Conservatives to Parliament since that time, along with one independent.
A Conservative served the constituency from 1950 until 1992. The Conservatives' campaign in the 1992 general election following the Poll Tax riots saw a local party member's racist remarks about their own candidate, John Taylor, of Afro-Caribbean descent. Taylor lost the election to Nigel Jones of the Liberal Democrats.
In 2000, Jones was nearly murdered in a horrific incident at one of his MP's surgeries; a man attacked him and an assistant with a samurai sword. His colleague, Andrew Pennington, was killed in the attack. Jones was made a life peer in 2005. The Liberal Democrats held Cheltenham in the 2005 election when Martin Horwood won the election and held it again in 2010 but lost when the Conservatives retook the seat in 2015.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Horwood||24,046||42.2||+8.2|
|Green||Adam Van Coevorden||943||1.7||−3.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Horwood||18,274||34.0||-16.5|
|Green||Adam Van Coevorden||2,689||5.0||-|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+10.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Horwood||26,659||50.5||+11.1|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Hanks||493||0.9||−|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+4.3|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Horwood||18,122||41.5||−6.2|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Hanks||525||1.2||0.0|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−3.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel Jones||19,970||47.7||−1.7|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Hanks||513||1.2||+0.5|
|ProLife Alliance||Anthony Gates||272||0.7||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||−0.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel Jones||24,877||49.5||+1.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Kenneth Hanks||375||0.8||−|
|ProLife Alliance||Anne Harriss||245||0.5||−|
|Natural Law||Sally Brighouse||107||0.2||−|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+4.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel Jones||30,351||47.3||+5.0|
|Natural Law||Henry Brighouse||169||0.3||−|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.2|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||Raymond Arthur Jacklin||342||0.7||N/A|
|Liberal||Frederick Carson Rodger||13,237||28.1||−3.0|
|Liberal||Frederick Carson Rodger||15,811||31.3||+12.8|
|Labour||Leslie George Godwin||14,213||31.3||−15.3|
|Liberal||A George Aldridge||8,431||18.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||W. John Wilson||19,768||46.6||+11.8|
|Liberal||James Anthony Lemkin||7,568||18.1||−1.5|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||W. W. Hicks Beach||21,997||51.0||−8.3|
|Labour||Kamalakant G. Pendse||12,725||29.5||−11.2|
|Liberal||George G. Watson||8,428||19.5||N/A|
|Conservative||W. W. Hicks Beach||24,259||59.3||+2.2|
|Conservative||W. W. Hicks Beach||23,674||57.1||+13.7|
|Conservative||W. W. Hicks Beach||18,009||43.4||n/a|
|Labour||A. G. James||13,027||31.4||n/a|
|Ind. Conservative||Daniel Lipson||10,449||25.2||n/a|
|Conservative gain from Ind. Conservative|
Election in the 1940s
|Ind. Conservative||Daniel Lipson||16,081||43.3||+3.2|
|Labour||Phyllis Maude Warner||11,095||29.9||+8.7|
|Conservative||W. W. Hicks Beach||9,972||26.8||−11.9|
|Ind. Conservative hold||Swing||+7.6|
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1930s
|Ind. Conservative||Daniel Lipson||10,533||40.1||n/a|
|Conservative||R. T. Harper||10,194||38.8||−31.7|
|Labour||Cyril C Poole||5,570||21.2||−8.4|
|Ind. Conservative gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||William Ramsey Piggott||4,920||17.1||−1.7|
Elections in the 1910s
|Independent Liberal||Richard Davies||6,317||39.7||n/a|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15:
A general election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the autumn of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election.
Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place.
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+1.5|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.6|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||Francis Shirley Russell||3,409||53.5||−1.9|
|Liberal||Wilfrid T Blaydes||2,940||46.1||+1.5|
|Independent Labour||Alton William Hillen||23||0.4||n/a|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||Russell Hugh Worthington Biggs||2,260||40.5||−3.0|
|Liberal||R. C. Lehmann||2,700||43.5||−6.7|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.7|
|Liberal||Charles de Ferrieres||2,318||50.2||+3.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.7|
Election in the 1870s
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+6.5|
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+0.9|
Elections in the 1850s
|Conservative||Edmund Gilling Hallewell||655||43.8||−2.7|
- Caused by Berkeley's appointment as a Commissioner of Customs.
- Caused by Berkeley's death.
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||−0.7|
Elections in the 1840s
- Election declared void on petition.
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.5|
- Election declared void on petition.
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||+6.6|
Elections in the 1830s
|Whig win (new seat)|
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- "Cheltenham: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Constituency Profile". nomis Constituency Profile for Cheltenham. Source: Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Cheltenham 1832–". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)
- Horwood, Martin. "The Honourable Craven Berkeley". Martin Horwood for Cheltenham. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Benson, Derek (2012). "William Penn Gaskell (1808-1882)". Cheltenham Local History Society Journal (28). Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- "The General Election". The Spectator. 31 July 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Mosse, Richard B. (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 142. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Horwood, Martin. "Grenville Berkeley". Martin Horwood for Cheltenham. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- Horwood, Martin. "Colonel Francis Berkeley". Martin Horwood for Cheltenham. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- "UK Parliamentary election: Cheltenham constituency Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Cheltenham Borough Council. Patricia Pratley, Acting Returning Officer. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- "General Election 2017: Cheltenham MP Alex Chalk says Conservative victory would provide stability". Gloucestershire Live. 19 April 2017. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- "Horwood 'delighted' to be Lib Dem candidate amid "orgy of infighting"". Gloucestershire Live. 21 July 2016. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- "General Election 2017: Former Cheltenham MP says "it's a nakedly opportunistic election to call"". Gloucestershire Live. 18 April 2017. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- https://democracy.cheltenham.gov.uk/mgElectionAreaResults.aspx?ID=21&RPID=477109 19 June 2015
- "UK ELECTION RESULTS". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
- "Paul Gilbert". YourNextMP.
- "UKIP Cheltenham". ukipcheltenham.org.uk.
- jrmaidment (29 October 2014). "Cheltenham Decides 2015: Meet the independent MP candidate Richard Lupson-Darnell". Glocestershire Echo. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Acting Returning officer (7 May 2010). "Election Results – Cheltenham Borough Council". Electoral Services. Cheltenham Borough Council. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
- Percentage change and swing for 2010 is calculated relative to the PA (Rallings and Thrasher) 2005 notional result, not actual 2005 result "Press Association Elections". Press Association. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Doctor plans to fight West seat". BBC News. 15 April 2005.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Percentage change and swing for 1997 is calculated relative to the Rallings and Thrasher 1992 notional constituency result, not actual 1992 result. See C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Percentage change and swing for 1983 is calculated relative to the BBC/ITN 1979 notional constituency result, not actual 1979 result. See British Broadcasting Corporation; Independent Television News. The BBC/ITN Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies (Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services 1983)
- ‘LEMKIN, James Anthony’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 18 Oct 2017
- British parliamentary election results, 1918–1949 (Craig)
- Cheltenham Chronicle, 25 February 1939
- Cheltenham Chronicle, 20 January 1939
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 84–85. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Election Intelligence". North Devon Gazette. 13 May 1856. p. 3. Retrieved 27 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- "Cheltenham Election". Cheltenham Chronicle. 10 July 1855. p. 2. Retrieved 27 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).
- nomis Constituency Profile for Cheltenham – presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.