Cheltenham Spa railway station

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Cheltenham Spa National Rail
Cheltenham Spa Station - geograph.org.uk - 1690660.jpg
Cheltenham Spa station
Location
Place Cheltenham
Local authority Cheltenham
Coordinates 51°53′49″N 2°06′00″W / 51.897°N 2.100°W / 51.897; -2.100Coordinates: 51°53′49″N 2°06′00″W / 51.897°N 2.100°W / 51.897; -2.100
Grid reference SO931220
Operations
Station code CNM
Managed by First Great Western
Number of platforms 2
DfT category C1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2002/03  0.881 million
2004/05 Increase 1.036 million
2005/06 Increase 1.128 million
2006/07 Increase 1.206 million
2007/08 Increase 1.338 million
2008/09 Increase 1.529 million
2009/10 Increase 1.599 million
2010/11 Increase 1.727 million
2011/12 Increase 1.813 million
- Interchange 0.212 million
2012/13 Increase 1.892 million
- Interchange Increase 0.218 million
2013/14 Increase 1.925 million
- Interchange Decrease 0.180 million
History
Original company Birmingham and Gloucester Railway
Pre-grouping Midland Railway
Post-grouping LMS
24 June 1840 Opened as Cheltenham
1 February 1925 Renamed Cheltenham Spa (Lansdown)
? Renamed Cheltenham Spa
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Cheltenham Spa from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
UK Railways portal

Cheltenham Spa railway station is a railway station serving Cheltenham in Gloucestershire, England. Situated on the Bristol-Birmingham main line, it is managed by First Great Western (despite most services being operated by CrossCountry, which does not manage any stations) and is about one mile from the town centre.

History[edit]

A 1910 Railway Clearing House map of railways in the vicinity of Cheltenham Spa (shown here as Queen's Road, Lansdown)
An Old Stager at Cheltenham Lansdown Station in 1949

The first railway to Cheltenham was the broad-gauge Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway (C&GWUR), authorised by Act of Parliament in 1836, and opened between Cheltenham and Gloucester in 1840. In the same year the Birmingham and Gloucester Railway (B&GR) opened its line between Cheltenham and Bromsgrove, whence trains ran on mixed-gauge tracks to Gloucester. Both railways had their own stations in the town, and the principal one, Cheltenham Spa (Lansdown), named from the principal road in the area, is the only one remaining, although without its secondary title. It was opened by the B&GR on 24 June 1840; was renamed Cheltenham Spa (Lansdown) on 1 February 1925 by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, and again renamed Cheltenham Spa by British Railways at some point after 1 January 1948.[1]

The C&GWUR was taken over by the Great Western Railway in 1844, and the B&GR by the Midland Railway in 1846. Within the town there were three other passenger railway stations: Malvern Road, St James's and Cheltenham South and Leckhampton; there was also High Street Halt and the Racecourse Platform, open only on race days.

Cheltenham Spa Malvern Road West Signal Box, and its east equivalent, had the longest namesigns on the GWR.[citation needed]

Services[edit]

Cheltenham Spa Railway Station

Cheltenham Spa station is served by approx 8 to 12 trains every hour during the daytime on Mondays to Saturdays (less frequent on Sundays).

First Great Western operate approx hourly Cheltenham Spa - Swindon via Gloucester services. Some (operated by InterCity 125 High Speed Trains) extend through to Reading & London Paddington.[2]

First Great Western also operates local services on the Bristol (Temple Meads/Parkway) to Gloucester, Cheltenham Spa & Worcester Shrub Hill route.[3] These serve Cheltenham every two hours each way, with some southbound services continuing onwards to Westbury, Weymouth or Brighton.

CrossCountry Trains serve Cheltenham Spa on two routes, the Cardiff Central to Birmingham New Street/Nottingham service and the longer-distance Penzance/Plymouth - Cheltenham Spa - Glasgow Central and Bristol T.M - Manchester Piccadilly routes.[4] All three of these services run hourly each way, giving a net half-hourly service to Bristol T.M and three departures per hour to/from Birmingham N.S.

London Midland operate the once a week limited service from Birmingham New Street to Gloucester.

Arriva Trains Wales operate approx. hourly with a Maesteg via Bridgend, Cardiff Central, Newport & Chepstow to Gloucester & Cheltenham Spa service.[5]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Gloucester   Arriva Trains Wales
Maesteg - Cheltenham
  Terminus
Gloucester   CrossCountry
Cardiff - Nottingham
  University
or Ashchurch for
Tewkesbury

or Bromsgrove
Bristol Parkway   CrossCountry
South West - North West and Scotland
  Birmingham New
Street
  CrossCountry
Bristol - Manchester
 
Gloucester   First Great Western
Cheltenham - London/Swindon
  Terminus
Gloucester   First Great Western
Great Malvern - Westbury
  Ashchurch for
Tewkesbury
Historical railways
Churchdown
Line open, station closed
  Midland Railway
Birmingham and Gloucester Railway
  Cheltenham High Street
Line open, station closed
Disused railways
Terminus   Great Western Railway
Midland and South Western Junction Railway
  Leckhampton
Line and station closed
Heritage Railways  Proposed Heritage railways
Cheltenham Malvern Road
Line and station closed
  Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway   Terminus

Station Redevelopment Proposals[edit]

In early 2012 Cheltenham Council released a Railway Station concept statement, promoting various enhancements at the station.[6] This was followed in March 2013 by the newly formed Gloucestershire Local Transport Body (LTB) asking for bids from the local area for transport projects which could be funded in the period 2015 to 2019. The Cheltenham Development Taskforce decided to seek support from the railway industry and key local supporters, to promote a scheme first raised in 2008. This proposed to significantly enhance the station, with new passenger facilities and a new south-facing bay platform to enable terminating London and South Wales services to turn back in the station clear of the mainline rather than having to run empty to the carriage sidings north of the station at Alstone to reverse as at present.

During the development and optioneering phase of the stage 1 LTB submission, it was discovered that to ensure operational flexibility and to provide sufficient capacity, that two new bay platforms were actually required. This configuration formed the basis of a station regeneration proposal that was submitted to the Gloucestershire Local Transport Body for consideration in early March 2013. Following short listing to stage 2, a second funding proposal was submitted on 10 May 2013. Cheltenham Spa Station and the other various transport scheme proposals were all published for public consultation on the LTB website on 13 May 2013.[7]

However, in February 2014 the scheme was shelved after both Network Rail and train operator First Great Western refused to back the portion of the proposals relating to the additional platforms, though they were supportive of the need to upgrade other passenger facilities (station building & taxi/bus interchange improvements and better car parking).[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 59. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 
  2. ^ GB National Rail Timetable 2014-15, Table 125
  3. ^ GB National Rail Timetable 2014-15, Tables 57, 123 & 134
  4. ^ GB National Rail Timetable 2014-15, Tables 51 & 57
  5. ^ GB Rail Timetable 2014-15, Tables 128 & 134
  6. ^ Cheltenham Spa railway station concept statementCheltenham Borough Council website; Retrieved 21 March 2015
  7. ^ http://www.gloucestershire.gov.uk/CHttpHandler.ashx?id=55015 "Cheltenham Spa Station – A Transformational Ambition" Gloucestershire LTB; Retrieved 21 March 2015
  8. ^ Plans for two new platforms at Cheltenham Spa railway station controversially shelved Maidment, J.R ; Gloucestershire Echo 4 February 2014; Retrieved 21 March 2015,