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|Native name||Челябинский метрополитен
|Transit type||Rapid Transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||4 (start)
|Operation will start||unknown (not before 2019)|
|System length||5.7 km (3.5 mi) (start)|
Chelyabinsk Metro (Russian: Челябинский метрополитен, Chelyabinskiy metropoliten) is an underground rapid transit system being constructed in Chelyabinsk, Russia. Envisioned in the 1960s, construction on the inaugural line first began in 1992.
After the project suffered various financial reverses in the 1990s and early 2000s, the first three stations were originally scheduled to open in 2007. But the opening was then postponed to 2010. In 2007, a decision was made to open the first line in 2014, with the project now consisting of four stations initially instead of three. As funding for the project continued to be intermittent, the opening date was pushed back again. As of 2013[update], an exact opening date is still uncertain (in the best-case scenario the first line might open in 2019).
Lines and stations
The current plans include opening the following four stations, along with a depot:
- Komsomolskaya ploshchad (Komsomol Square)
- Ploshchad revolyutsiyi (Revolution Square)
- Torgovyi tsentr (Trade Centre)
- Prospekt Pobedy (Victory Avenue)
The total length of tunnels will be 5.7 kilometers (3.5 mi), with an additional 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) track to the depot.
Further plans include expanding the first line east to the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (one station), and west (3 stations).
Two more lines running from north to southeast and from northeast to southwest are planned longer-term; the time frame for their construction is undefined.
Financing the project
In March 1998, before the 1998 Russian financial crisis, Pyotr Sumin, governor of the Chelyabinsk province, called the Chelyabinsk Metro one of the most important construction projects in the region. Construction companies in arrears on their taxes to the local and federal governments offered their services to build the Metro in lieu of payment. The project was therefore being financed by the tax debt of the construction companies to various government bodies. Now it is funded jointly by the governments of Russia, Chelyabinsk Oblast and the city of Chelyabinsk, allocating in total around $40 mln a year.
The project was initially due to be completed by 2000, but has been postponed several times due to lack of financing.
The construction plan was developed many years ago and as the city has expanded and transport needs have changed greatly, critics argue that the initial stations will be of little help in reducing traffic congestion or improving the transportation system.
Alternative projects such as a metrotram or surface trains have been rejected.
- О компании [About Us] (in Russian). Челябметрострой. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
- Interview of the city road construction deputy director Youtube.com (in Russian)
- http://www.mega-u.ru/default.aspx?c_id=3&method=NewsFullText&templateName=FullText2&s_id=143&NewsId=18197&m_id=2[dead link]
- Челябинск снова выбирает подрядчика для строительства первого участка метро [Chelyabinsk again selects a contractor to build the first section of the subway]. Mega-U.ru (in Russian). 27 August 2009. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
- http://nr2.ru/chel/360196.html&usg=ALkJrhg50stzvJClwvP9ZbOb54Xfwu93KQ[dead link]
- Дарья Лукашевская (2011-10-17). "В Челябинске метростроители завершили сооружение конструкции станции «Комсомольская площадь»". Uralpress.ru. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chelyabinsk Metro.|
- Chelyabinsk Metro – official website (Russian)
- Chelyabinsk Metro at UrbanRail.net
- Unofficial "metrofan" site
- PDF document which includes detailed schemes of the metro system and its stations