Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant
Челябинский тракторный завод
|Industry||Engineering, industrial vehicle production, defense industry|
|Founded||June 1, 1933|
|Products||Tractors, bulldozers, diesel engines, armored vehicles other|
|Services||Casting and forging, research and development, physical and chemical testing, diesel engine certification, other|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||Machine building plant 'Vityaz'|
Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (Russian: Челябинский тракторный завод, translit. Chelyabinskiy traktornyy zavod, abbreviated ЧТЗ, ChTZ) also known as CTZ-Uraltrak (ЧТЗ-УРАЛТРАК) is a tractor plant in the Russian city of Chelyabinsk.
The Chelyabinsk Tractor plant was a project of the first five-year plan. The plant was founded in 1933; the first product was a 60 hp tracked tractor C-60 (Сталинец-60, Stalinets-60) fueled by petroleum ether (Benzine). In 1937 the factory produced its first diesel-powered vehicle C-65 (Сталинец-65, Stalinets-65). By 1940 the plant had produced 100,000 tractors.
During World War II seven other industrial entities (including most of Leningrad's Kirov Plant and 15,000 of its workers) were either wholly or partially relocated to Chelyabinsk, the resulting enterprise commonly known as "Танкоград" ('Tankograd', or 'Tank City').[note 1] The work force increased to 60,000 workers by 1944, from 25,000 during non-military production; during the conflict the works produced 18,000 tanks, and 48,500 tank diesel engines as well as over 17 million units of ammunition. Production included the KV tank from 1941, T-34 tank from 1942, KV-85 tank and JS tanks from 1943, and T-34/85 tank and SU-85 self-propelled field gun from 1944 By 1945 the plant had been awarded the Order of Kutuzov, 1st Class, the Order of Lenin, the Order of the Red Star, and other honours for its efforts in helping to defeat Nazi Germany.
Post World War II conventional tractor production resumed with the С-80 (Сталинец-80, Stalinets-80) entering serial production in 1946. The plant reverted to its original name of Chelyabinsk Tractor factory in 1958. In 1961 a tractor with diesel electric transmission entered production: DET-250 (ДЭТ-250). The millionth tractor from CTZ was produced in 1984.
In 1990 a tractor with a hydromechanical transmission system entered production (T-10).
In 2008 the company acquired 100% of amphibious tracked machine building company "Vityaz" (Витязь); both are now part of the Uralvagonzavod holding group which Uraltrak established in association with other companies.
Operations and products
The organisation includes foundry and forging facilities, metal engineering facilities (CNC, lathes, heat treatment) as well as construction and assembly workshops.
Since 2010 the company has manufactured fork lifts under license from Bulgarian company Balkancar Record,
The company also produces road tanker vehicles, semi-trailers and pipe installation road vehicles.
Since 2008 Machine engineering company 'Vityaz' (Машиностроительная компания "Витязь") has been a subsidiary of CTZ-Uraltrak. The company produces the Vityaz line of tracked all-terrain vehicles with amphibious capabilities.
- Caterpillar Sixty, copy of Caterpillar Sixty as Stalinets-60
- Omsktransmash – Russian wheeled tractor manufacturer.
- Traktor Chelyabinsk, ice hockey team
- Soviet tank factories
- История – Челябинский Тракторный Завод (ЧТЗ), chtz-uraltrac.ru (in Russian), retrieved 22 July 2011
- Услуги – Челябинский Тракторный Завод (ЧТЗ), chtz-uraltrac.ru (in Russian)
- Завод сегодня – Челябинский Тракторный Завод (ЧТЗ), www.chtz-uraltrac.ru (in Russian), archived from the original on 18 January 2009
- Бульдозеры, фронтальные погрузчики и другая спецтехника – ЧТЗ-УРАЛТРАК – Челябинский Тракторный Завод (ЧТЗ) (in Russian), archived from the original on 18 January 2009, retrieved 22 July 2011
- Справка – Челябинский Тракторный Завод (ЧТЗ), chtz-uraltrac.ru (in Russian), Справка переименования и преобразования Челябинского тракторного завода, retrieved 22 July 2011
- Coates, W.P.; Coates, Zelda K. (1934), The second five-year plan of Development of the U.S.S.R, p. 15
- Историческая справка, kzgroup.ru (in Russian), ОАО «Кировский завод», retrieved 1 October 2012
- Dunn, Walter S. (2007). Stalin's Keys to Victory: The Rebirth of the Red Army. Stackpole Military History Series. Stackpole Books. pp. 36–38. ISBN 9780811734233.
- Higgins, David (2011). King Tiger vs IS-2: Operation Solstice 1945. pp. 12–13. ISBN 9781849088633.
- "ЧТЗ – Уралтрак" приобрел 100% акций ОАО "Машиностроительная компания "Витязь" (Башкирия)" [CTZ-Uraltrak has obtained 100% of shares in ОАО "Machine Engineering company 'Vityaz'" (Bashkortostan)]. www.tractor.ru (in Russian). 23 January 2008
- Продукция – Челябинский Тракторный Завод (ЧТЗ), chtz-uraltrac.ru (in Russian), retrieved 22 July 2011
- двигатели – Челябинский Тракторный Завод (ЧТЗ), chtz-uraltrac.ru (in Russian), retrieved 22 July 2011
- Балканкар-ЧТЗ – Челябинский Тракторный Завод (ЧТЗ), chtz-uraltrac.ru (in Russian), retrieved 22 July 2011
- Строммашина – Челябинский Тракторный Завод (ЧТЗ), chtz-uraltrac.ru (in Russian), retrieved 22 July 2011
- МК Витязь – Челябинский Тракторный Завод (ЧТЗ), chtz-uraltrac.ru (in Russian), retrieved 22 July 2011
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to ChTZ vehicles.|
- Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant official site (in English)
- Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant official site (in Russian)
- JSC Machine-building Company «Vityaz» company website www.bolotohod.ru
- Melnikova-Raich, Sonia (2010). "The Soviet Problem with Two 'Unknowns': How an American Architect and a Soviet Negotiator Jump-Started the Industrialization of Russia, Part I: Albert Kahn". IA, The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology. 36 (2): 57–80. ISSN 0160-1040. JSTOR 41933723. (abstract)