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China National Chemical Corporation
FormerlyBluestar (1984-2004)
TypeState-owned enterprise
Founded1984; 39 years ago (1984)
FounderRen Jianxin
Key people
Ning Gaoning (Chairman)
RevenueIncrease CN¥300.127 billion (2016)
Increase CN¥002.803 billion (2016)
Increase CN¥000119 million (2016)
Total assetsIncrease CN¥377.642 billion (2016)
Total equityDecrease CN¥024.061 billion (2016)
SubsidiariesADAMA (100%)
Pirelli (45.5%)
Syngenta (98.0%)
Sanonda (30.75%)
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese中国化工集团公司
Traditional Chinese中國化工集團公司
Footnotes / references
in a consolidated basis[1]

China National Chemical Corporation, commonly known as ChemChina, is a Chinese state-owned chemical company in the product segments of agrochemicals, rubber products, chemical materials and specialty chemicals, industrial equipment, and petrochemical processing for the civilian and military sectors.[2] As of 2020, it is ranked 164th among the Fortune Global 500 companies.[3]


Bluestar Company[edit]

ChemChina began as a small solvents factory called Bluestar Company (Chinese: 蓝星公司), founded by Ren Jianxin in 1984 with a 10,000-yuan loan.[4] Ren created the ChemChina empire by taking control of over 100 troubled state-owned chemical factories across China, with the government retaining ownership. Meanwhile, he avoided laying off excess workers by shifting them to the company's Malan Noodle [zh] restaurant chain.[5] He brought in consultants to professionalize the company's management, and it has become one of China's most dynamic state enterprises.[5]

State company[edit]

In May 2004, after the State Council of the People's Republic of China approved a merger of companies formerly under the Ministry of Chemical Industry as the China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina), Ren Jianxin became its CEO; in December 2014 he became the chairman of the board of directors.[4]

Within ChemChina's agrochemicals business is a large portfolio of companies including Sanonda Holdings, Cangzhou Dahua, Shandong Dacheng, Jiangsu Anpon, Anhui Petrochemicals, and Huaihe Chemicals. It added Israel-based Makhteshim Agan (renamed to Adama Agricultural Solutions) in 2011 to the division in a 2.4 billion US dollars acquisition of a 60% stake in the company, the largest manufacturer of generic pesticides.[6]

The chemical materials and speciality chemicals group made overseas acquisitions with two deals in 2006, both to acquire French companies.[7] The first one was the Adisseo Group, a global animal nutrition feed firm that specialized in producing methionine, vitamins and biological enzymes. At the time of the purchase, Adisseo had worldwide market share of 30% in methionine.[7] The other company was the organic silicon and sulphide business of Rhodia.[7] With this acquisition the company became the third largest producer in the world of organic silicon.[7]

The petrochemical processing division has been operating refineries including small ones known as teapot plants, giving it an oil processing capacity of about 25 million tonnes (25,000,000 long tons; 28,000,000 short tons) a year or about 500,000 barrels per day. After regulations liberalized the import of crude and fuel products in China, the company opened a trading office in Singapore in October 2013.[8]

In March 2015, it was announced that Pirelli shareholders had accepted a €7.1 billion bid from ChemChina for the world's fifth-largest tyre maker.[9][10]

Syngenta acquisition[edit]

In February 2016, ChemChina agreed to a $43 billion bid for Swiss seeds and pesticides group Syngenta,[11] the largest ever foreign purchase by a Chinese firm.[12][11] The deal was awaiting approval by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) and European government panels, citing food safety and security concerns. In June 2016, both companies refiled the transaction for CFIUS approval, forcing them to restart the application process.[13] In August 2016, the CFIUS cleared the deal, while the merger still awaited the regulatory review and concessions made towards the European Commission,[14] in particular with regard to divesting itself from agrochemical subsidiary Adama Agricultural Solutions (which was planned to sell to ChemChina's associated company Sanonda).[15]

The Australian Competition & Consumer Commission cleared the deal in December 2016, but the buy-out was again delayed due to European antitrust investigations.[16] In April 2017, the European Commissioner for Competition and the U.S. Federal Trade Commission both approved the merger, requiring ChemChina to divest from pesticide production of paraquat, abamectin and chlorothalonil.[17][18] The European Commission also addressed competition concerns with regard to plant growth regulators and reiterated the expected commitments for divestment from ADAMA-related products.[19] As of May 26, 2017, ChemChina's plan to purchase Syngenta for $44 billion was nearing completion,[12] with ChemChina amassing "huge bridge loans" to pay Syngenta stockholders.[12] The deal was completed that same month with 82.2 percent of Syngenta shares and depository receipts offered.[15]

Sinochem merger[edit]

In May 2017, Reuters, reported that discussion had begun regarding the merging and consolidation of ChemChina and state-owned Sinochem, overtaking industry leaders such as BASF, in a deal worth around $120 billion.[20] ChemChina merged with Sinochem Group to form Sinochem Holdings Corporation Ltd in 2021. This company also belongs to the Chinese state.[21][22]

U.S. sanctions[edit]

In August 2020, the United States Department of Defense published the names of companies operating directly or indirectly in the United States with ties to the People's Liberation Army. ChemChina was included on the list.[23][24] In November 2020, Donald Trump issued an executive order prohibiting any American company or individual from owning shares in companies that the United States Department of Defense has listed as having links to the People's Liberation Army, which included ChemChina.[25][26]

In October 2022, the United States Department of Defense added ChemChina to a list of "Chinese military companies" operating in the U.S.[27]



  1. ^ 2016年年度报告 [2016 Annual Report] (in Chinese (China)). ChemChina. 29 April 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2018 – via
  2. ^ "About Us". ChemChina. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  3. ^ "ChemChina". Fortune. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Management: Ren Jianxin". Pirelli. 20 October 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Better than barbarians". The Economist. 14 January 2016.
  6. ^ Yap, Chuin-Wei (January 11, 2011). "China Spends $2.4 Billion…On Pesticides?". Wall Street Journal.
  7. ^ a b c d "ChemChina deals boost its profile". People's Daily. October 31, 2008.
  8. ^ "ChemChina moving into Singapore oil hub to speed crude buys". Reuters. 2013-08-22. Retrieved 2020-06-30.
  9. ^ "ChemChina makes €7.1bn bid for Pirelli". The Guardian. Reuters. 23 March 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  10. ^ "ChemChina and Camfin Signed Share Purchase Agreement with respect to Pirelli". ChinaChem. 23 March 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  11. ^ a b "ChemChina nearing to buy Syngenta for record $43 billion". Bloomberg Business. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  12. ^ a b c Webb, Quentin (May 26, 2017). "To Pay for Syngenta, ChemChina Looks to Beijing for Help". The New York Times. New York City, United States. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  13. ^ J. Browning, D. McLaughlin (June 2016). "ChemChina Said to Add Time for U.S. Syngenta Deal Review". News. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  14. ^ "M.7962 CHEMCHINA / SYNGENTA". European Commission. European Union. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  15. ^ a b "ChemChina gets around 82 percent of Syngenta in $43 billion deal". Reuters. 10 May 2017.
  16. ^ "ChemChina ready for concessions to clinch delayed Syngenta deal in 2017". Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  17. ^ Tsang, Amie (6 April 2017). "Deal's Approval Buoys China in Its Quest for Food Security". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  18. ^ "FTC Requires China National Chemical Corporation and Syngenta AG to Divest U.S. Assets as a Condition of Merger". Federal Trade Commission. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  19. ^ "Mergers: Commission clears ChemChina acquisition of Syngenta, subject to conditions". European Commission. 5 April 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  20. ^ "As Syngenta deal closes, ChemChina and Sinochem press $120 billion deal: sources". Reuters. 2017-05-23. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  21. ^ "China: Neuer Chemie-Riese: Fusion von Sinochem und Chemchina steht kurz bevor". (in German). Retrieved 2022-08-05.
  22. ^ "Sinochem Holdings > About Us > Profile > History". Retrieved 2022-08-05.
  23. ^ "DOD Releases List of Additional Companies, in Accordance with Section 1237 of FY19 NDAA". U.S. Department of Defense. August 28, 2020. Archived from the original on 30 August 2020. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  24. ^ "Qualifying Entities Prepared in Response to Section 1237 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (PUBLIC LAW 105–261)" (PDF). U.S. Department of Defense. August 28, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 August 2020. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  25. ^ Chen, Shawna (November 12, 2020). "Trump bans Americans from investing in 31 companies with links to Chinese military". Axios. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
  26. ^ Pamuk, Humeyra; Alper, Alexandra; Ali, Idrees (2020-11-12). "Trump bans U.S. investments in firms linked to Chinese military". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-11-12.
  27. ^ "DOD Releases List of People's Republic of China (PRC) Military Companies in Accordance With Section 1260H of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021". U.S. Department of Defense. 2022-10-05. Retrieved 2022-10-05.

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