Chembur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chembur
suburb
Chembur is located in Mumbai
Chembur
Chembur
Location of Chembur in Mumbai
Coordinates: 19°03′04″N 72°53′38″E / 19.051°N 72.894°E / 19.051; 72.894Coordinates: 19°03′04″N 72°53′38″E / 19.051°N 72.894°E / 19.051; 72.894
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DistrictMumbai Suburban
CityMumbai
Zone5
WardM West
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyBrihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC)
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
400071, 400074 and 400089[1]
Area code(s)022
Vehicle registrationMH 03
Lok Sabha constituencyMumbai South Central
Vidhan Sabha constituencyChembur and Anushakti Nagar Vidhan Sabha constituency

Chembur is an upmarket large suburb in eastern Mumbai, India.

History[edit]

Before reclamation, Chembur lay on the north-western corner of Trombay Island. It is suggested that Chembur is the same place referred to as Saimur by the Arab writers(915–1137), Sibor in Cosmas Indicopleustes(535), Chemula in the Kanheri cave inscriptions(300–500), Symulla by the author of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea(247), Symulla or Timulla by Ptolemy(150), and perhaps even Perimula by Pliny(A.D. 77).[2] This is, however, disputed. Chembur is also said to be a reference to Chevul at the mouth of the Kundalika River on mainland Maharashtra. After the partition of India, most Sindhis from Sindh came and settled here. Later, the area occupied was said to have occupied a branch of an animal home.[2]

1893 map showing Chembur in the North-West of Trombay Island

The Bombay Presidency Golf Club was established in 1827, and was later re-built to meet international standards.[3] No major activity occurred until the Kurla-Chembur single railway line was built in 1906 for garbage trains. The line was opened to passenger traffic in 1924.[4] After construction activity in the 1920s, Chembur was finally opened up in the 1930s. It was made part of Bombay City in 1945.[5]

After independence, Chembur was one of the sites where refugee camps were set up to settle refugees after partition.[6] The industrialisation of Trombay during and after World War II led to the demand for housing and the growth of Chembur thereafter.[7][8][9]

Administration[edit]

Chembur lies in the Mumbai South Central parliamentary constituency. It used to lie in Mumbai North-East Parliamentary constituency, prior to delimitation in 2008, where it was moved to Mumbai South Central parliamentary Constituency.[10] The current sitting Member of Parliament of Mumbai South Central is Shiv Sena's Rahul Shewale.[11]

The Sitting Member of the Legislative Assembly of Chembur is Mr. Prakash Vaikunth Phaterpekar of the Shiv Sena.

Chembur is the seat of the M Ward offices. The M Ward ranges from Thane Creek in the East to Tansa Pipe Line No. 2 in the West, from Somaiyya Nalla in the North to Mahul Creek in the South.[12][13] Chembur lies inward numbers 141 to 149 with Councillors for each representing it in the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation.[14] [15]

Geography[edit]

Chembur is surrounded by the neighborhoods of Kurla, Deonar, Mahul, Govandi, Chunabhatti and Ghatkopar. A marine alluvium-type of soil is observed in Chembur. It has north-south running basalt hills to its south.[16]

Transport[edit]

Modes of public transport in Chembur include autorickshaws, online aggregator cabs such as Uber and Ola, taxicabs, BEST buses, NMMT buses, and trains. NMMT AC Volvo buses are available from Navi Mumbai to Mumbai and vice versa. Also the Monorail and upcoming metro.

Dayanand Saraswati Marg[edit]

Dayanand Saraswati Marg formerly called Central Avenue Road was given its current name in memory of Dayanand Saraswati. Stretches from Chembur Railway Station to Sion Panvel Highway, formerly and commonly called Central Avenue Road. It is lined on both sides mainly with residential complexes and shade trees. In 2008, the height of the road was raised and provided with a sidewalk.[17] The Central Avenue Road is a prime locality in Chembur.[18]

Environmental problems[edit]

Chembur had pollution problems in the past and was ranked 46th in a list of the most polluted industrial clusters in India.[19] Studies of Chembur have also found high levels of copper, chromium, calcium, arsenic and mercury in groundwater.[16] Effluents from oil refineries, fertilizer plants and reactors in Chembur are also said to have polluted seawater in Thane Creek and affected marine life.[16]

The main problem was the uncontrolled release of ammonia and nitrous oxides from the Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilisers (RCF) complex. Although ammonia is easy to scrub, the problem seems to be due to improper operation of pollution control equipment and/or operation of the urea/ammonia complex way beyond the design capacity without augmentation of pollution control equipment.

The Deonar dumping ground in Deonar had caused health issues for the residents of Chembur.[20] In 2008, around 40 residents of Chembur went on a hunger strike to protest against the frequent fires and smoke.[21] Again in 2012, the residents complained to the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation on the smoke coming out of the dumping ground, which has been affecting asthma patients.[22]

See also[edit]

R. K. Films and R. K. Studio was established in Chembur in 1948

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Pin code: Chembur, Mumbai". pincode.org.in. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b [1] Archived 15 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Times of India - Chembur Ghatkopar Plus - "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) - Retrieved on 3 December 2010
  4. ^ "[IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: IR History: Part 3". www.irfca.org. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  5. ^ TIFR Mumbai pages - http://theory.tifr.res.in/bombay/physical/geo/ghatkopar.html - Retrieved on 5 December 2010
  6. ^ Indian Express - "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 3 December 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) - Retrieved on 3 December 2010
  7. ^ TIFR Mumbai Pages - http://theory.tifr.res.in/bombay/physical/geo/mankhurd.html
  8. ^ "Sorry". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 October 2012.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Disaster is around the corner for Mumbai". DNA India. 26 December 2006. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  10. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order - 2008" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Constituencywise-All Candidates".
  12. ^ "M West limits".
  13. ^ "M East limits(includes Mankhurd and Govandi - excluded here)".
  14. ^ "MCGM Councillors list".
  15. ^ "Page Not Found". eciresults.nic.in.
  16. ^ a b c Central Ground Water Board Report - Ground Water Information 2009 - http://cgwb.gov.in/District_Profile/Maharashtra/Greater%20Mumbai.pdf - Accessed on 20 January 2011
  17. ^ "BMC slammed for failing rain test". The Times of India. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
  18. ^ Mid-Day - http://www.mid-day.com/metro/2003/sep/64082.htm - Retrieved on 5 December 2010
  19. ^ Gyan Varma (25 December 2009) "43 Industrial Clusters imperiled in India", Daily News and Analysis. Accessed on 25 January 2011
  20. ^ "45% of Deonar dumping ground to be cleared by May". DNA India. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  21. ^ "Residents protest fire at Deonar dumping ground". The Indian Express. 25 March 2008. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  22. ^ Times News Network (18 May 2012). "Chembur residents fume over smoke from Deonar dumping ground". The Times of India. Mumbai. Retrieved 18 May 2012.

External links[edit]