Chembur

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Chembur
suburb
Chembur Market
Chembur Market
Chembur is located in Mumbai
Chembur
Chembur
Coordinates: 19°03′31″N 72°53′59″E / 19.058711°N 72.899694°E / 19.058711; 72.899694Coordinates: 19°03′31″N 72°53′59″E / 19.058711°N 72.899694°E / 19.058711; 72.899694
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Mumbai Suburban
Metro Mumbai
Zone 5
Ward M
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 400071[1]
Area code(s) 022
Vehicle registration MH 03
Lok Sabha constituency Mumbai South Central
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chembur
Civic agency BMC

Chembur is a suburb in eastern Mumbai, India. It is 15 km from downtown Mumbai and 10 km from Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.

Etymology[edit]

The name Chembur is probably derived from the word “Chimboree” which means "Large Crab" in Marathi, because the british were unable to pronounce the word 'chimboree'.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Before reclamation, Chembur lay on the north-western corner of Trombay Island. It is suggested that Chembur is the same place referred to as Saimur by the Arab writers (915–1137), Sibor in Cosmas Indicopleustes (535), Chemula in the Kanheri cave inscriptions (300–500), Symulla by the author of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (247), Symulla or Timulla by Ptolemy (150), and perhaps even Perimula by Pliny (A.D. 77).[2] This is however disputed and is also said to be a reference to Chevul at the mouth of the Kundalika River on mainland Maharashtra. Later the area occupied is said to have occupied a branch of an animal home. [2]

1893 map showing Chembur in the North-West of Trombay Island

The Bombay Presidency Golf Club was established in 1827 and was later re-built to meet international standards.[3] No further activity was seen until the Kurla-Chembur single railway line was built in 1906 for garbage trains. The line was opened to passenger traffic in 1924.[4] After construction activity in the 1920s, Chembur was finally opened up in the 1930s. It was made part of Greater Bombay in 1945.[5]

After independence, Chembur was one of the sites where refugee camps were set up to settle refugees after partition.[6] The industrialisation of Trombay during and after the war led to the demand for housing and the growth of Chembur thereafter.[7][8][9]

The construction by the Bombay Housing Board in Station Colony (Subhash Nagar), the Shell Colony (Sahakar Nagar), and the Township Colony (Tilak Nagar) in 1955–58 transformed the area completely by shifting it from an industrial suburb to a residential one.[10]

Administration[edit]

Chembur lies in the Mumbai South Central parliamentary constituency. It used to lie in Mumbai North-East Parliamentary constituency prior to delimitation in 2008. After delimitation, it has been moved to Mumbai South Central parliamentary Constituency.[11] The Current sitting Member of Parliament of Mumbai South Central is Shiv Sena's Rahul Shewale.[12]

Sitting Member of the Legislative Assembly of Chembur is Mr. Prakash Vaikunth Phaterpekar of the Shiv Sena.

Chembur is the seat of the M Ward Offices. The M Ward ranges from Thane Creek in East to Tansa Pipe Line No. 2 in West, from Somaiyya Nalla in North to Mahul Creek in South.[13][14] Chembur lies in ward numbers 141 to 149 with Councillors for each representing it in the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation.[15] [16]

Geography[edit]

Chembur is surrounded by the suburbs of Kurla, Deonar, Mahul, Govandi, Chunabhatti and Ghatkopar. A marine alluvium type of soil is observed in Chembur. It has north-south running basalt hills to its south.[17] The colonies in Chembur are Pestom Sagar, Tilak Nagar, RCF Colony, BPCL, HPCL, Tata Colony, Chheda Nagar, Indian Oil Nagar on Mankhurd Link Road (end of north west Chembur), Shell Colony, Navjeevan Society etc.

Transport[edit]

Autorickshaws, taxis and BEST buses and trains are the public modes of transport. The Harbour Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway has station in Chembur. Suburban trains bound for Mumbai CST, Andheri and Panvel run throughout the day. The Lokmanya Tilak Terminus for long distance trains are located nearby. Line 1 of Mumbai Monorail opened in February 2014 and has a terminus at Chembur.

Dayanand Saraswati Marg, V N Purav Marg, R C Marg, Station Avenue Road, the Eastern Express Highway and Sion Panvel Highway are some of the arterial roads of Chembur. Chembur is a road transit point for people traveling to Pune using the Mumbai-Pune Highway or the Mumbai-Pune Expressway. The Eastern Freeway provides quick access to South Mumbai through 13 km long elevated expressway. The Santacruz Chembur Link Road (SCLR) connects Chembur to Santacruz.

Dayanand Saraswati Marg[edit]

Dayanand Saraswati Marg stretches from Chembur Railway Station to Sion Panvel Highway, formerly and commonly called Central Avenue Road. It is lined on both sides with mainly residential complexes and shade trees. In 2008, the height of the road was raised and provided with a sidewalk.[18] The Central Avenue Road is a prime locality in Chembur.[19] This road is important since it connects most of Chembur (West) to the Chembur Railway station, an important mode of transit. The Ambedkar Garden bus depot on this route also connects people to downtown Mumbai. It also has the Chembur Railway Police Station, hospitals, medical shops, eateries and various commercial establishments. Dayanand Saraswati Marg is a 4 lane bidirectional road with sidewalks on both sides of the road. There are two turnabouts; one each at Ambedkar Garden and Daimond Garden. The Dayanand Saraswati Marg near the Railway Station junction meets the Chembur Market Road and Govandi Road. The following roads branch off from this road - Chembur Road Nos. 21, 20, 19, 16, 14, 15, 13, 11 and 10.

This road, formerly called Central Avenue Road, was given its current name in memory of Dayanand Saraswati - the founder of the Arya Samaj, an important reform movement in Hinduism.

Economy[edit]

Chembur is home to industry and retail outlets.

The Chembur Market area close to the Chembur railway station offers goods and services ranging from clothing to foods and vegetables. In addition it has retail and factory outlets, multi-product stores and a shopping mall. Chembur offers a variety of food from street food to high end restaurants. Chembur is known for its misal pav, pav bhaji, vada pav and also sweet marts. Some schools in Chembur are St. Gregorios High School, Our Lady of Perpetual Succour (OLPS) High School, Saint Anthony's Girls' High School, General Education Academy, Modern English School, Swami Muktanand Highscool, AFAC English School,Chembur Highschool.

Recreation[edit]

Aerial view of the Bombay Presidency Golf Club

Chembur has open public spaces like Gandhi Maidan,[20] Annabhau Sathe Garden, Diamond Garden,[21] Ambedkar Udyan, Sandu Garden, Tilak Nagar grounds (Sahyadri and Municipal Ground) and Jawahar Grounds where people conduct sports events and activities. These are also sites of recreational activity in the morning.

The Bombay Presidency Golf Club at Dr Choitram Gidwani Road in Chembur (East) provides the biggest green cover for the neighbourhood. Chembur has recreational clubs along with several Gymkhanas. Chembur has fitness centres and gyms, municipal swimming pools and libraries. Some grounds have 0 jogging tracks for people to exercise.

Environmental problems[edit]

Chembur has pollution problems and was ranked 46th in a list of the most polluted industrial clusters in India.[22] Studies in Chembur has also found high levels of copper, chromium, calcium, a Arsenic and mercury in ground water.[17] Effluents from oil refineries, fertilizer plants and reactors located in Chembur are also said to have polluted sea water in Thane Creek and affected marine life.[17]

The main problem is the uncontrolled release of ammonia and nitrous oxides from the Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilisers (RCF) complex. Although ammonia is easy to scrub, the problem seems to be due to improper operation of pollution control equipment and/or operation of the urea/ammonia complex way beyond the design capacity without augmentation of pollution control equipment.

The Deonar dumping ground in Deonar has caused health issues for the residents of Chembur.[23] In 2008, around 40 residents of Chembur went on a hunger strike to protest against the frequent fires and smoke.[24] Again in 2012, the residents complained to the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation on the smoke coming out of the dumping ground, which has been affecting asthma patients.[25]

See also[edit]

R. K. Films and R. K. Studio was established in Chembur in 1948

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Pin code : Chembur, Mumbai". pincode.org.in. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b [1] Archived June 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Times of India - Chembur Ghatkopar Plus - http://chemburghatkoparplus.mumbaimirror.com/index.aspx?Page=article&comments=true&sectname=Entertainment&sectid=10&contentid=2007101320071012141919203eb32847e - Retrieved on December 3, 2010
  4. ^ "History of Railways in India - Part 3". IRFCA. Retrieved May 15, 2010. 
  5. ^ TIFR Mumbai pages - http://theory.tifr.res.in/bombay/physical/geo/ghatkopar.html - Retrieved on December 5, 2010
  6. ^ Indian Express - http://www.indianexpress.com/ie/daily/19980926/26950934.html - Retrieved on December 3, 2010
  7. ^ TIFR Mumbai Pages - http://theory.tifr.res.in/bombay/physical/geo/mankhurd.html
  8. ^ "Sorry". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  9. ^ "Disaster is around the corner for Mumbai". DNA India. 26 December 2006. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 
  10. ^ "History of Chembur". 
  11. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order - 2008" (PDF). 
  12. ^ "Constituencywise-All Candidates". 
  13. ^ "M West limits". 
  14. ^ "M East limits(includes Mankhurd and Govandi - excluded here)". 
  15. ^ "MCGM Councillors list". 
  16. ^ http://eciresults.nic.in/ConstituencywiseS1330.htm?ac=30
  17. ^ a b c Central Ground Water Board Report - Ground Water Information 2009 - http://cgwb.gov.in/District_Profile/Maharashtra/Greater%20Mumbai.pdf - Accessed on January 20, 2011
  18. ^ The Times of India - http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1712076.cms - Retrieved on December 5, 2010
  19. ^ Mid-Day - http://www.mid-day.com/metro/2003/sep/64082.htm - Retrieved on December 5, 2010
  20. ^ S Balakrishnan, Times News Network (13 November 2008). "PM to kickstart monorail project from Gandhi Maidan". The Times of India. Mumbai. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  21. ^ Davane, Mrugaya (16 June 2006). "Chembur will always be our home". MiD DAY. Mumbai. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  22. ^ Gyan Varma (December 25, 2009) "43 Industrial Clusters imperiled in India", Daily News and Analysis. Accessed on January 25, 2011
  23. ^ "45% of Deonar dumping ground to be cleared by May". DNA India. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  24. ^ "Residents protest fire at Deonar dumping ground". The Indian Express. 25 March 2008. Retrieved 24 May 2012.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  25. ^ Times News Network (18 May 2012). "Chembur residents fume over smoke from Deonar dumping ground". The Times of India. Mumbai. Retrieved 18 May 2012. 

External links[edit]