This article needs attention from an expert in Ecology. The specific problem is: the stub that exists is a marginally sourced and poorly structured representation of the field without consistent use of modern terms, that leaves an informed reader with concern for the authoritative nature of the stub, and that leaves future editors without a scholarly outline from which to develop the article.(March 2017)
Chemical ecology examines the role of chemical interactions between living organisms and their environment, as the consequences of those interactions on the ethology and evolution of the organisms involved. It is thus a vast and highly interdisciplinary field. Chemical ecology studies focuses on the biochemistry of ecology and the specific molecules or groups of molecules termed semiochemicals that function as signals to initiate, modulate, or terminate a variety of biological processes such as metabolism. Molecules that serve in such roles typically are readily diffusible organic substances of low molecular mass that derive from secondary metabolic pathways, but also include peptides and other natural products. Chemical ecological processes mediated by semiochemicals include ones that are intraspecific (occurring within a species) or that are interspecific (occurring between species). A variety of functional subtypes of signals are known, including pheromones, allomones, kairomones, and attractants and repellents. It can sometimes be hard to differentiate from other biological fields and may require many disciplines working together in a study.
This section appears to contradict another section of this article on the categories of functions/molecules that each cover as important in defining the field.(March 2017)
- Production of signals and response to them in allelopathy whereby organisms influence the germination, growth, survival, or reproduction of other organisms through their production of allelochemicals;Template:October 1988
- Chemical communication among social insects, including ants, bees, wasps, and termites;
- Prey-predator interactions, such as between herbivores and plants, plants and insects, etc.
- Intracellular and intraorganismal processes that are nevertheless interspecific, e.g., in cases of commensal and symbiotic relationships;
- Chemical signaling in bacteria via histidine kinase-mediated two component signal transduction systems, systems that function both intraspecifically (e.g., in chemotaxis and quorum sensing) and interspecifically (e.g., in pathogenesis and virulence responses);
- Defensive chemicals that deter potential predators or pathogens, e.g., in antibiotic excretion by bacteria, plant defense against herbivory, etc.;
- Chemical agents that mediate plant-pollinator interactions, e.g., relying on floral scent, colour, etc.;
- Other interspecific physiological responses in response to potentially antagonistic organisms;[clarification needed][better source needed]
- Chemical responses to abiotic factors in the organism's environment, including temperature, humidity, sunlight and other forms of radiation.[better source needed]
- "What is Chemical Ecology? | CHEMICAL ECOLOGY". www.ncbs.res.in. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
- Law, JH & Regnier, FE (1971). "Pheromones". Annual Review of Biochemistry. 40: 533–548. doi:10.1146/annurev.bi.40.070171.002533.
- Berasategui, Aileen; Shukla, Shantanu; Salem, Hassan; Kaltenpoth, Martin (2016-02-01). "Potential applications of insect symbionts in biotechnology". Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 100 (4): 1567–1577. doi:10.1007/s00253-015-7186-9. ISSN 1432-0614. PMC . PMID 26659224.[relevant? ]
- Zidorn, C (2010). "Altitudinal variation of phenolics contents in flowering heads of the Asteraceae family". Phytochemistry Reviews. 9: 197–203. doi:10.1007/s11101-009-9143-7.[better source needed]
4. Putnam, A.R. (1988). "Allelochemicals from Plants as Herbicides" Weed Technology. 2(4): 510-518.
- Berenbaum MR & Robinson GE (2003). "Chemical Communication in a Post-Genomic World [Colloquium introductory article]". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100 (Suppl 2; November 25): 14513. Bibcode:2003PNAS..10014513B. doi:10.1073/pnas.2335883100. PMC . Retrieved 22 March 2017.. This and two additional short papers accessed through this article link introduce a collection of reports based on the Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium of the National Academy of Sciences, entitled the same as this article. All of the colloquium articles are available via this introductory article link. (The colloquium was held at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center of the National Academies of Science and Engineering in Irvine, California, on 17–19 January 2003.)
- Wajnberg, E & Colazza, S (2013). Chemical Ecology of Insect Parasitoids. Blackwell. [full citation needed]
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