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|TPC Line D (Chemin de fer Aigle-Sépey-Diablerets)|
Les Diablerets railway station, 2008.
|Owner||Transports publics du Chablais|
|Operator(s)||Transports publics du Chablais|
|Line length||22.3 km (13.9 mi)|
|Track gauge||Metre (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)|
|Electrification||1500 V DC|
|Highest elevation||1,175 m (3,855 ft)|
Railways came to the Chablais area of Vaud and Valais in 1857 when the Lausanne – Simplon railway opened its line through Aigle. This was to act as the catalyst for other projects in the late 19th century which were designed to link the valley floor with communities in the mountains. The first scheme, which pre-dated the coming of the railway, was to link Aigle to Le Sepey by road. This opened in 1840 and services were provided by stagecoach.
Aigle's railway station is still served by the trains of the Swiss Federal Railways but also those of three, local, narrow-gauge railways: the Aigle-Ollon-Monthey-Champéry (AOMC), the Aigle - Leysin (AL) and the Aigle-Le Sépey-Diablerets (ASD).
On 24 October 1898 both Houses of the Swiss Parliament approved a concession application by the ASD to build and operate a railway between Aigle, Le Sépey and Leysin. Nine months later both Houses of the Swiss Parliament awarded a concession for a railway, not only linking Aigle, Le Sépey and Leysin but beyond, to Les Diablerets, Pillon and Saanen. However, following a new series of projects and concession applications, on 23 May 1905 the Berne Government finally approved the construction of a line between Aigle, Le Sépey and Les Diablerets on the left bank of the Grande Eau. The Federal Council accepted the railway's articles of incorporation on 28 February 1911.
The ASD put forward many railway projects in the early 20th century: a link with Gstaad via the Col du Pillon, connections with Chesières and Villars forming part of a grand Boulevard des Alpes linking Interlaken with Chamonix. Another project, like the previous examples, which met with fierce opposition, involved a link between Gryon and the highest point at Les Diablerets at an elevation of more than 3000 m.
The line is built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge and has a length of 22.33 km with power, at 1500 V d.c., supplied by the Société des Forces Motrices de la Grande Eau from its plant at Pont de la Tine. Its lowest elevation is at the station at Aigle, 404 m (1,325 ft) above sea level, rising to 1,157 m (3,796 ft) at Les Diablerets Station, a total climb of 753 m (2,470 ft).
The Great Fire
The night of 26 June 1940 was probably the worst in the history of the ASD when a fire destroyed its depot. Not only were the railway's facilities destroyed but three electric railcars and 4 passenger cars were lost. Following the tragedy there was speculation that the railway might be abandoned. However, a decision was made to save and restore as much as possible and, in addition, ASD was able to lease rolling stock from other companies in order to ensure the continuation of the service.
In 1975 the four local railway companies, Aigle-Leysin (AL); Aigle-Ollon-Monthey-Champéry (AOMC); Aigle-Sépey-Diablerets (ASD) and Bex-Villars-Bretaye (BVB) merged to form a single operating company, known as the Transports Publics du Chablais (TPC). This brought about increased co-operation between the companies in the provision of community-based services.
In 1985, the Federal Government informed ASD, and other privately operated railways, that it would cease all funding the following year, however they renewed a federal concession for a further period of 50 years. An agreement was signed between the Canton of Vaud, the communities served by the railway and the ASD and its partners to renew rolling stock and upgrade the track.
In the mid-1990s, faced with greatly increased operating costs, the Canton of Vaud and the communities served by the railway petitioned the Federal Government to revoke its 1985 decision. The Federal Government did so and in 1996, recognizing the importance of this regional line as a public transportation carrier, awarded the line with a contract to provide a public transportation service. This brought about, in 2000, the founding of Transports Publics du Chablais as the parent body of local public transportation with the four local railway companies as founding members.
Details of investment in the TPC railway lines since 2000 can be found on the Transports Publics du Chablais site.
Railcars and Rolling Stock.
Details from official stock lists, May 2006.
- Railcars, Class "Bde4/4"
- Driving Trailers, Class "Bt" and "Arst"
- Non-Driving Trailers, class "B2"/"B2r", "Ars" and "By"
|Number||Name||Class||Builders Details.||Date Completed||Notes|
|1||BDe 4/4||SWS/BBC||1913||Painted Alpine Livery|
|2||BDe 4/4||SWS/BBC||1913||Painted Alpine Livery|
|401||Ormonts Dessus||BDe 4/4||ACMV/BBC||1987|
|402||Ormonts Dessous||BDe 4/4||ACMV/BBC||1987|
|403||Ollon||BDe 4/4||ACMV/BBC||1987||From Summer 2010 liveried in new tpc two tone green scheme.|
|34||B2r||1913||24 seat trailer car|
|35||B2||1913||24 seat trailer car (1)|
|421||Ars||1966||Ex-BTB No.62. Rebuilt 1984, Painted with alpine meadow scene|
|431||Chez Rose||Bt||1966||Ex-BTB No.26. Rebuilt 1984, Painted, alpine rose livery|
|432||Bt||Schindler/BBC||1966||Ex-BTB No.21. Rebuilt 1984|
|433||Arst||Schindler/BBC||1966||Ex-BTB No.27. Rebuilt 1984 as "salon bar" coach|
|434||Bt||Schindler/BBC||1966||Ex-AOMC, Rebuilt 2000|
- (1) Coach returned from Chemin de fer de La Mure.
Media related to Chemin de fer Aigle-Sépey-Diablerets at Wikimedia Commons
- Alex Witula: Le Più Belle Azioni D'Epoca, p. 290; ISBN 978-88-95848-10-5