Montreux–Glion–Rochers-de-Naye railway

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Montreux–Glion–Rochers-de-Naye railway
Glion-Rochers-de-Naye-Bahn - 301 und 304 - 01.jpg
Double headed motor coaches Bhe 4/8 301 and 304 at Glion
Overview
Type Rack railway
Status Open
Locale Canton of Vaud, Switzerland
Termini Montreux
Rochers de Naye
Operation
Opened Glion–Rochers-de-Naye 1892
Montreux-Glion 1909
Owner Transports Montreux-Vevey-Riviera
Technical
Line length 10.3 km (6.4 mi)
Track gauge 800 mm (2 ft 7 12 in)
Electrification 850 V, DC, overhead line
Highest elevation 1,970 m (6,463 ft)
Maximum incline 22%
Rack system Abt
Route diagram[1]
0.0 Montreux 395 m above the sea
Montreux tunnel (390 m)
0.6 Montreux Les Planches
Funiculaire tunnel (83 m)
Toveyres tunnel (26 m)
1.7 Toveyre
Valmont tunnel (386 m)
2.2 Valmont
2.7 Glion 687 m above the  sea
Glion tunnel (45 m)
3.0 Glion Hotel des Alps
3.2 Glion College
3.6 Le Tremblex 817 m above the  sea
Tremblex tunnel (145 m)
Caux Palace tunnel (32 m)
4.9 Caux 1,054 m above the  sea
5.4 Les Echets
5.8 Haut de Caux
6.4 Crêt d'y Bau
7.0 Paccot 1,430 m above the  sea
Jaman tunnel (77 m)
8.6 Jaman 1,742 m above the  sea
9.2 La Perche 1,742 m above the  sea
Grand tunnel (240 m)
Fontaines tunnel (87 m)
10.3 Rochers de Naye 1,970 m above the  sea
A train in the Rochers-de-Naye platforms at Montreux station
A Rochers-de-Naye train in a siding at Montreux; the running line enters the tunnel to the left of the train; the line on the right belongs to the MOB
MTGN No.4, the line's diesel locomotive at Glion
The line between Glion and Caux
A train on the Montreux-de Naye line at Caux
Train approaching the Haut de Caux stop, with Lake Geneva and the French Alps behind
Caux station
A train approaching the summit
The summit station
The view from the summit

The Montreux–Glion–Rochers-de-Naye railway (MGN), French: Chemin de fer Montreux–Glion–Rochers-de-Naye, is an electrically operated rack railway in Switzerland, with a track gauge of 800 mm (2 ft 7 12 in). It was originally built as two separate lines, the Glion–Rochers-de-Naye railway (GN) and the Montreux–Glion railway (MGI).

The line connects the resort of Montreux, on the shores of Lake Geneva, with the summit of the Rochers de Naye mountain. The line operates via the village of Glion, on the mountainside above Montreux, where it connects with the Territet–Glion funicular.[1]

History[edit]

Glion to Rochers-de-Naye[edit]

The first section of the line to open was the Glion to Rochers-de-Naye railway, which was built by the Chemin de fer Glion–Rochers-de-Naye company (GN), and opened in 1892. Initially Glion was reached by the Territet–Glion funicular, which departed from a lower terminus opposite Territet station, the first station east of Montreux station on the Simplon railway.

The Glion to Rochers-de-Naye railway was built to a gauge of 800 mm (2 ft 7 12 in), and the line was operated by steam locomotives using the rack and pinion system devised by Roman Abt.

Montreux to Glion[edit]

In 1909, the Montreux to Glion railway opened, built by the Chemin de fer Montreux-Glion company (MGl). This ran from a lower terminus within Montreux station, and at its upper end made an end-to-end junction with the Glion to Rochers-de-Naye line. A cross platform interchange was retained between both lines and the Territet-Glion funicular.

The Montreux to Glion railway was built to the same gauge and rack system as the Glion to Rochers-de-Naye railway, but was electrically operated from the start. Until 1938, when the Glion to Rochers-de-Naye line was electrified, trains were handed over in Glion between electric and steam locomotives. At the same time, electric railcars took over most services, leaving freight and peak traffic, service trains and snow blowing to the electric locomotives.

Merger[edit]

Even after through railcars took over most services, the two lines remained the property of different companies. The two companies finally merged in 1987, to form the Chemin de fer de Montreux–Glion–Rochers-de-Naye company (MGN). In 1992 this company merged with the Territet-Glion funicular to form the Chemin de fer Montreux–Territet–Glion–Rochers-de-Naye company (MTGN).

In 2001, the MTGN was merged into Transports Montreux-Vevey-Riviera (MVR), a company that operates a number of railway lines in the Montreux area. It is marketed under the Golden Pass Services' banner.

Closures[edit]

In May 2008 the Montreux to Glion section of the line was closed so that work on the lining of the Tunnel de Valmont could be carried out. It reopened on schedule on 2 June ready for the summer season. During this closure the Glion to Caux and Rochers de Naye section had operated normally with the Montreux to Glion section being covered by a replacement bus service.

Route[edit]

The railway from Montreux, which departs from platform 8 of the main line Montreux railway station, begins to climb steeply almost as soon as it leaves the station and enters the first of many tunnels. The line changes direction by a series of minimum radius curves, views of Lake Geneva alternating from side to side, before reaching the station at Glion. The workshops and depot are alongside the line as it leaves Glion, the main shops accessed from a traverser set off a loop line alongside the main line.

The line continues higher to the small village of Caux passing through Alpine meadows which, in the Springtime, are full of wild growing narcissus, forget-me-nots and others, before reaching its upper terminus at Rochers-de-Naye, the home of the Marmot Paradise, a centre where seven varieties of these small mammals can be seen in a natural environment. From here there are spectacular views over Lake Geneva and across to the French Alps, well worth the trip alone.

The line is 10.36 km (6.4 mi) long and has a vertical climb of 1,575 m (5,167 ft). This is made up of the Montreux - Glion section, which climbs 292 m (958.0 ft) in 2.73 km (1.7 mi), whilst the Glion - Rochers-de-Naye climbs 1,283 m (4,209 ft) in 7.63 km (4.7 mi).[1]

The line uses track of 800 mm (2 ft 7 12 in) gauge and the rack and pinion system devised by Roman Abt. It is electrified using 850 V DC supplied by overhead lines. Passing loops are situated in the stations at Glion, Caux, Paccot and Jaman.[1]

Rolling stock[edit]

Locomotives[edit]

No. Name Class Builders details Date Built Notes.
1 HGe 2/2 SLM/BBC/MFO 1909 Lost in Avalanche in 1966.
1 H 2/3 SLM 1992 Sold to BRB 2005, becoming their No.16.
2 HGe 2/2 SLM/BBC/MFO 1909 Fitted with a new "old style" wider body in 1986.
3 Veytaux (e) HGe 2/2 SLM/BBC/MFO 1909 Received new modern body in 1976, renumbered 101. In 1998 returned to No.3. Semi-permanently coupled to snowplough. Destroyed in accident in 2011.
4 Brienz Hm 2/2 Buhler/Caterpillar 1973 New to BRB as No.8, sold to MGN in 1996. Overhauled at Chernex in 2009 with fitting of larger engine bonnet and repaint in bright red livery.[2]
11 Hem 2/2 Stadler 2013 Delivered December 2013.Multiple working fitted to work with No.12. Bright red livery

[2]

12 Hem 2/2 Stadler 2013 Delivered December 2013.Multiple working fitted to work with No.11. Bright red livery

[2]

Railcars[edit]

No. Name Class Builders details Date Built Notes.
201 Bhe 2/4 SLM/BBC 1939 ex ABhe 2/4, Scrapped March 2011
202 Bhe 2/4 SLM/BBC 1939 ex ABhe 2/4, Scrapped April 2007
203 Bhe 2/4 SLM/BBC 1939 ex ABhe 2/4
204 Bhe 2/4 SLM/BBC 1939 ex ABhe 2/4
205 Bhe 2/4 SLM/BBC 1939 ex ABhe 2/4, Scrapped April 2007
206 Bhe 2/4 SLM/BBC 1949 ex ABhe 2/4, Scrapped July 2000
207 Bhe 2/4 SLM/BBC 1949 ex ABeh 2/4
208 Bhe 2/4 SLM/BBC 1966 ex ABhe 2/4, Scrapped April 2007
301 Montreux Bhe 4/8 SLM/Siemens 1983 (b)
302 Veytaux (e) Bhe 4/8 SLM/Siemens 1983 (b)(c)
303 Villeneuve Bhe 4/8 SLM/Siemens 1983 (b)(d)
304 La Tour de Peilz Bhe 4/8 SLM/Siemens 1992 (b)
305 Bhe 4/8 MOB Chernex / Siemens 2010 (b)(f) Delivered to traffic w/c 30.11.10

Abbreviations.

  • (b) Fitted for multiple unit with two or three double headed motor coaches serie Bhe 4/8 301-305.
  • (c) Carries "Marmot Paradis" livery[2]
  • (d) Carries "Pere Noel" livery, (marking the visit of Santa to Rochers de Naye).[2]
  • (e) No.302 carries "Veytaux" nameplate low down on cab side on front (uphill) cab. Name removed from locomotive No.3 which is now unnamed.
  • (f) Painted in new "Golden Pass" gold/white livery from new.[2]
  • BBC : Brown, Boveri & Cie
  • SLM : Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works, Winterthur
  • MFO : Maschinenfabrik Oerlikon

Rotary Snowplow[edit]

No. Name Class Builders details Date Built Notes.
3 Xrote RACO/MFO/Beilhack 1954 Electric rotary snowplough
4 Xrote 2013 Electric rotary snowplough

Preserved Coaches[edit]

Previous Company No. Class Builders details Seats Date Built Notes.
Montreux-Glion 2 BC Luzern, Company not known 56 in 7 comp. 1908 Built for the opening of the line
Montreux-Glion 1908 Built for the opening of the line
Glion-Rochers de Naye 16 BC
  • Coaches of the Montreux-Glion Railway are restored to original red livery, usually kept at Glion and work with Locomotive No.2. During its time at the line also worked with steam locomotive No.1.[2]
  • Coach No.16 is painted a dark blue livery with lighter blue panels. Also worked with steam locomotive No.1.[2]

Services[edit]

The line operates throughout the year, and provides an hourly service in each direction between Montreux and Rochers de Naye from around 09:00 to dusk. Additional services between Montreux and Caux operate in the early morning, in the evenings, and during peak periods. The trains are timed to offer connections at Montreux with main line services of the Swiss Federal Railways and MOB.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Eisenbahnatlas Schweiz. Verlag Schweers + Wall GmbH. 2012. pp. 72–73. ISBN 978-3-89494-130-7. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Livery details by personnel observation, last updated December 2013
  3. ^ "Horaire Montreux–Glion–Caux–Rochers-de-Naye". GoldenPass. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 46°25′40.93″N 6°55′25.33″E / 46.4280361°N 6.9237028°E / 46.4280361; 6.9237028