Chemins de fer du Jura

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Chemins de fer du Jura
Saignelegier Bahnhof.jpg
Saignelégier train station
Technical
Line length Total: 84.8 km (52.69 mi)
metre gauge: 73.8 km (45.86 mi)
standard gauge: 11 km (6.84 mi)
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC (metre gauge)
15 kV 16 2/3 Hz (standard gauge)
Rack system None

The Chemins de fer du Jura (CJ), the railways of the Jura canton in north-western Switzerland, came about as the result of an amalgamation, in 1944, of four independent companies connecting Porrentruy to Bonfol, Saignelégier to La Chaux-de-Fonds, Glovelier to Saignelégier and Tavannes to Tramelan and Le Noirmont. The lines extend for a total of 84.8 km of which just over 73 km is metre gauge, the remaining 11 km, the first named, between Porrentruy and Bonfol, being standard gauge. Nowadays the CJ also operates local bus services throughout the area.

History[edit]

The first company to open a line in the region was the Chemin de fer Tavannes-Tramelan in 1884, the metre gauge line linking the villages in its name. This line was extended under the guise of the Chemin de fer Tramelan-Les Breuleux-Le Noirmont to reach Le Noirmont and the whole was electrified in 1913. In 1927 the two companies amalgamated to form the Chemins de fer Tavannes-Le Noirmont.

On 7 December 1892 the longest of the region's line, the Chemin de fer Saignelégier-La Chaux-de-Fonds (SC) was opened linking the places noted in its title. The line, with a length of 25 km (15.5 mi) ran from Saignelégier (Place d'Armes) to La Chaux-de-Fonds, the final kilometre being laid along the streets to the town centre.

To these lines was added that between Porrentruy and Bonfol in 1901, between Glovelier and Saignelégier in 1904, both of these being laid to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (standard gauge) and finally, in 1910 the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) (metre gauge) line between Bonfol and Pfetterhouse, this last named being the only closure to date, seeing its last passenger train in 1970. The Chemin de fer Régional Saignelégier-Glovelier (RSG) was relaid to metre gauge in 1953.

Following the amalgamation of the companies in 1943 a plan to restructure the rail system was put together and over the period from 1946 to 1953 it was put into action. Within this plan was the total electrification of the system which was completed in 1953, some 40 years after the first electric traction had run on the lines.

Locomotive and Rolling Stock[edit]

Standard Gauge

No. Class Builders Details. Date Completed Seats 1/2 Notes Picture
501 Tm Moyse/Deutz 1967
509 Xm Beilheck/Deutz 1985
577.101 BDe 4/4 SWS/MFO 1968 0/56 Reb.1998 BDe 4 4 577 101-9.JPG
577.102 BDe 4/4 SWS/BBC 1980 0/48
587.111 De 4/4 SWS/BBC/CJ 1980
560.141 RBDe 4/4 FFA/BBC 1984 0/56 NPZ prototype, bought 2008 CJ RBDe 560 Vallorbe.jpg
50 36 29-03 921 Bt SWS/MFO/SIG 1963 Reb.1996
55 85 29-34 941 Bt FFA 1984 Bought 2008 together with RBDe 4/4 CJ RBDe 560 NPZ bei Charbonnières.jpg

Metre Gauge

No. Name Class Builders Details. Date Completed Seats 1/2 Notes Picture
7 C SIG 1913 0/32 Belle Epoch
70 BCe 2/4 SWS/BBC/CJ 1913 4/32 Belle Epoch Swiss Rail TBN BCe 2 4.jpg
401 De 4/4 SIG/SAAS 1952 20060720S01 401-361.jpg
402 De 4/4 SIG/SAAS 1952
411 De 4/4 SIG/FFA/BBC 1953 Reb.1986 20060714S93 714-751-411.jpg
601 BDe 4/4 SIG/SAAS 1953 0/32
603 ABDe 4/4 SIG/SAAS 1953 9/16 20060719S961 603.jpg
604 BDe 4/4 SIG/SAAS 1953 0/32
606 BDe 4/4 SIG/SAAS 1953 0/32 Sold to NStCM, 2003
607 BDe 4/4 SIG/SAAS 1953 0/32
608 BDe 4/4 SIG/SAAS 1953 0/32 CJ BDe 608.JPG
611 BDe 4/4 FFA/SIG/BBC 1985 0/39
612 BDe 4/4 FFA/SIG/BBC 1985 0/39
613 BDe 4/4 FFA/SIG/BBC 1985 0/39 20060716S525 721-713-613.jpg
614 BDe 4/4 FFA/SIG/BBC 1985 0/39
621 BDe 4/4 SIG/SWS/SAAS/CJ 1990 0/16 20060718S780 365-621-Ua.jpg
631 Pourilere ABe 2/6 Stadler/BT 2001 9/68
632 Mont Soleil ABe 2/6 Stadler/BT 2001 9/68 CJ ABe 632.JPG
633 La Gruere ABe 2/6 Stadler/BT 2001 9/68
634 Tabeillon ABe 2/6 Stadler/BT 2001 9/68
641 ABe 4/4 SWS/SAAS/CJ 1973 12/24 Reb.2000 20060720S04 641-Gz-354.jpg
642 ABe 4/4 SWS/SAAS/CJ 1973 12/24 Reb.2000 CJ ABe 4-4 with a waste train near La Ferrière.jpg
702 Bt SWS/SAAS 1952 0/48
704 Bt SWS/SAAS 1952 0/48 Saignelegier Bahnhof.jpg
711 ABt FFA/BBC 1985 12/39
712 ABt FFA/BBC 1985 12/39
713 ABt FFA/BBC 1985 12/39
714 ABt FFA/BBC 1985 12/39
721 BDt FFA/BBC 1986 0/32 20060716S519 721-713-613.jpg
722 BDt FFA/BBC 1986 0/32
751 B FFA 1986 0/64
752 B FFA 1986 0/64
753 B FFA 1986 0/64
754 B FFA 1986 0/64
755 B FFA 1986 0/64
756 B FFA 1986 0/64

Abbreviations[edit]

References[edit]

  • This article has been freely translated from the French site with additional information from that in German.
  • Locomotives and Rolling Stock details are taken from the CJ official stock lists backed up with photographic evidence.


External links[edit]