Chemnitz petrified forest

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chemnitz petrified forest
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-C1113-0001-001, Chemnitz, Versteinerte Bäume.jpg
Petrified forest as it appeared in 1964
Location Chemnitz, Germany

The Chemnitz petrified forest is a petrified forest in Chemnitz, Germany.

Most of the trunks are exhibited in the Museum of Natural History in Chemnitz inside of DAStietz , including slices of trunks with polished edges. A small collection can be seen also on Zeißstraße. From April 4, 2008, to fall 2011 a excavation in hilbersdorf was held to find and research more trunks. There researchers discovered amongst others Arthropitys bistriata, a type of Calamites, giant horsetails that are ancestors of modern horsetails, found on this location with never seen multiple branches. Allot more plants and animals from this excavation are still in an ongoing research. [1] This exceptional find received the 2010 Fossil of the Year award of the German Paleontological Society.[2] It was integrated into the permanent exhibition.

History[edit]

Petrified wood from the Chemnitz occurrence on display in the courtyard of DASTietz and Museum of Natural History Chemnitz

Petrified trunks of tree ferns, seed ferns, conifers as well as Cordaitales and different species of Calamites. The primeval plants were repeatedly discovered from the 17 century ongoing till today and mostly at Hilbersdorf, today a district of Chemnitz. In the mid-18th century, gemstone prospector David Frenzel (1691-1772) found numerous examples of this wood in the hills in and around Chemnitz. One of his 1751 finds is one of the few petrified wood specimens still possessing its roots. Later a collector, the Hilbersdorf contractor Güldner, bequeathed some of the petrified logs to King Albert Museum in Chemnitz. The first director of the Museum, Johann Traugott Sterzel, took over the investigation of the findings. The Sterzeleanum in the museum (the petrified forest display) is dedicated to him.[3]

Creation of the petrified forest[edit]

Reconstruction of Opsieobuthus tungeri, a scorpion found in Chemnitz petrified forest.

The petrified forest was formed in connection with the eruption of the Zeisigwald volcano in the lower Permian and dates back about 291 million years.[4] The trees were uprooted or snapped off by the eruption and the amount of tephra, much like the trees caught in the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens. The trunks were then covered with hot tephra. In the following of years, the silicic acid included in the tephra ensured the fossilization of Permian plants, preserving them until today.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ronny Rößler; Zhuo Feng; Robert Noll (2012), "The largest calamite and its growth architecture - Arthropitys bistriata from the Early Permian Petrified Forest of Chemnitz", Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (185): 64-78, doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2012.07.018 
  2. ^ Fossil of the year award, German Paleontological Society 
  3. ^ A forest of precious stones – given by volcanoes – the Sterzeleanum, Museum of Natural History, Chemnitz, retrieved 2013-05-08 
  4. ^ Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung Chemnitzer Wald ist 291 Millionen Jahre alt

Further reading[edit]

  • Ronny Rößler (2001). Der versteinerte Wald von Chemnitz [The petrified forest of Chemnitz]. Museum für Naturkunde Chemnitz. ISBN 3-00-007446-5. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°49′51″N 12°55′22″E / 50.83083°N 12.92278°E / 50.83083; 12.92278