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Chen Chi-mai

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Chen Chi-mai
陳其邁
Chen Chi-mai election infobox.jpg
Mayor of Kaohsiung
Assumed office
August 24, 2020
DeputyCharles Lin [zh]
Shih Che [zh]
Lo Ta-sheng
Preceded byHan Kuo-yu
Yang Ming-jou [zh] (acting)
In office
February 1, 2005 – September 26, 2005
Acting
Preceded byFrank Hsieh
Succeeded byYeh Chu-lan (acting)
Chen Chu
Vice Premier of the Republic of China
In office
January 14, 2019 – June 19, 2020
PremierSu Tseng-chang
Preceded byShih Jun-ji
Succeeded byShen Jong-chin
Member of the Legislative Yuan
In office
February 1, 2012 – November 3, 2018
ConstituencyNationwide Constituency
In office
February 1, 1996 – May 19, 2004
ConstituencyKaohsiung City's 2nd district (1st term)
Kaohsiung City's 1st district (2nd-3rd terms)
Deputy Secretary-General of the Presidential Office
In office
February 9, 2007 – May 20, 2008
Serving with Lin Chia-lung
PresidentChen Shui-bian
Preceded byLiu Shih-fang
Succeeded byYeh Ching-chuan
Spokesperson of the Executive Yuan
In office
May 20, 2004 – February 1, 2005
Preceded byLin Chia-lung
Succeeded byCho Jung-tai
Personal details
Born (1964-12-23) December 23, 1964 (age 55)
Keelung, Taiwan
NationalityRepublic of China
Political partyDemocratic Progressive Party
ParentsChen Che-nan (father)
ResidenceTainan
Alma materChung Shan Medical University
National Taiwan University
OccupationLegislator
ProfessionPhysician

Chen Chi-mai (Chinese: 陳其邁; pinyin: Chén Qímài; Wade–Giles: Ch'ên2 Ch'i2-mai4; born December 23, 1964) is a Taiwanese politician and the current Mayor of Kaoshiung since August 24, 2020. He has served as spokesperson of the Democratic Progressive Party and the chief executive officer of its Policy Research and Coordinating Committee. A physician from Keelung, Chen started his political career by becoming member of the Legislative Yuan in 1996 and served as legislator for almost eight years before becoming the spokesperson of the Executive Yuan.

In 2005, Chen succeeded to the mayoralty of Kaohsiung after Frank Hsieh's appointment as premier. Chen became the Deputy Secretary-General of the Presidential Office in 2007 and served until the inauguration of President Ma Ying-jeou. Following his December 2018 loss in the Kaohsiung mayoral election, Chen was appointed Vice Premier of the Republic of China by President Tsai Ing-wen. Chen yielded the vice premiership to Shen Jong-chin in June 2020, and won the Kaohsiung mayoralty in a by-election on August 15, 2020 after previous mayor Han Kuo-yu was recalled.

Early life[edit]

Chen Chi-mai was born in Keelung City, Taiwan, on December 23, 1964.[1] He is the son of Chen Che-nan, who is also a politician and was also a Deputy Secretary-General of the Presidential Office before Chen took office in 2007.[2]

Chen studied medicine at the Chung Shan Medical University in Taichung, where he earned his MB degree in 1991. He got his MS degree in preventive medicine at the National Taiwan University in 1994. He practiced medicine at the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital for about three years and became a lecturer at the Taipei Medical University in 1996.[3][4]

Chen made his early entry into public affairs when he, as a student, served as an assistant to his father, a legislator at the time.[5]

Rise in politics[edit]

A member of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Chen was elected legislator three times serving from 1996 to 2004. During his term, he became the secretary-general of the Justice Alliance faction of the DPP in 1998 and the legislative caucus leader in 1999.[3] He also became members of various committees within the Legislative Yuan, including the Foreign Affairs, Judiciary, National Defense, and Transportation Committees.[5]

Before the DPP became the ruling party, Chen suggested that then-incumbent magistrate of Taoyuan County Annette Lu would be a better choice for Chen Shui-bian's presidential running mate than any other party member.[6] Lu was eventually selected as his running mate.[7]

After Shui-bian's successful presidential campaign, Chen Chi-mai, as a leader of the Justice Alliance faction, supported the proposal of another member to revise the pro-independence guideline.[8] Although many party members had similar views, the proposal was sent back to the party's policy research department for review.[9]

In 2004, Chen was appointed a Minister without Portfolio and spokesperson of the Executive Yuan.[5] Soon after, another proposal to modify pro-independence guidelines was created. Several DPP legislators believed that the change of the national title from "Republic of China" to "Taiwan," which is one of the ultimate goals of Taiwan's desinicization campaign and localization movement, was not necessary. Chen also supported the proposal.[10] The proposal was documented in an essay called New Culture Discourse, drafted by DPP legislator Lee Wen-chung of the New Tide faction. After the essay was leaked to the media, many politicians, including Chen, denied being involved in drafting the document. The document was proved too controversial and was attacked within the party as a result, although some members believed that it was only based on the 1999 Resolution on Taiwan's Future.[11]

In January 2005, following the death of former CCP General Secretary Zhao Ziyang, Chen represented the Taiwanese cabinet in delivering a message to the Chinese government. In his address, Chen urged China's leaders to pursue democratization. Chen stated that Beijing should "face the truth about Tiananmen Square... We urge the Chinese government to learn from Mr. Zhao's tolerance and to push for democratic reforms."[12]

Later in January 2005, Chen Chi-mai was nominated to serve as acting mayor of Kaohsiung by premier-designate Frank Hsieh.[13]

Mayoralty[edit]

After becoming the mayor of Kaohsiung, Chen sought to continue construction of the Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit (KMRT), a major construction started during Frank Hsieh's mayoral term.[14] The Red Line of the system is opened, and the Orange Line was scheduled to be opened in August 2008.[15]

Chen also worked to turn Kaohsiung into the a film location hub by encouraging filmmakers to shoot their films in the port city. He offered filmmakers, such as Tsai Ming-liang, various incentives for their award-winning films. He presented a NT$10 million (approx. US$323 thousand) prize to Tsai for his film The Wayward Cloud.[16] Tsai in returned said he will soon shoot a new film in Kaohsiung and praised the city's efforts to develop Kaohsiung into an international city.[16]

On July 25, 2005, Kaohsiung officially became the host city of World Games 2009, which will be the largest international sports event hosted in Taiwan, after Chen received the flag of the World Games.[17] Chen later announced the construction of a world-class stadium built for the event.[18]

In August 2005, Thai workers rioted over the draconian treatment they received as foreign workers. These workers lived in poor conditions and had limited freedom.[19] The Chen administration vowed to take action on August 25.[20] Chen apologized to the public for the social turmoil caused by the incident and offered to resign three times.[21] Then-premier Frank Hsieh authorized Chen's resignation on September 12, and replaced him with former vice premier Yeh Chu-lan.[22]

Post-mayoralty[edit]

Chen as spokesperson of Tsai Ing-wen's 2012 presidential campaign, 2011
Chen as a legislator of the Legislative Yuan, 2015
Chen as Vice Premier of the Republic of China, 2019

After a temporary period of research at the London School of Economics in England, Chen was appointed the Deputy Secretary-General of the Presidential Office in February 2007.[23] His appointment drew mixed reactions, with the support from the DPP legislative caucus and opposition from the Kuomintang legislative caucus.[24] Chen served with Lin Chia-lung, former director of the Government Information Office.[25][26]

After the DPP chairmanship election in May 2008, chairwoman-elect Tsai Ing-wen announced the appointment of Chen as the deputy secretary-general of the party. He held the position with Cho Jung-tai until 2009. Chen is now concurrently serving as both the spokesperson of the Democratic Progressive Party and the chief executive officer of the party's Policy Research and Coordinating Committee since May 2011.[27]

In the 2012 legislative elections, Chen was placed on the DPP electoral list, from which 13 members were elected based on the number of votes the DPP received. Being the eighth member on the list, Chen returned to the Legislative Yuan once again as a legislator in February 2012.[28] He was reelected via proportional representation in 2016. Chen faced fellow lawmakers Chao Tien-lin, Lin Tai-hua, and Kuan Bi-ling in a Kaohsiung mayoral primary held in March 2018, and was named the Democratic Progressive Party candidate for the mayoralty.[29][30] On November 24, 2018, he was defeated by Han Kuo-yu, the Kuomintang mayoral nominee, by more than 150,000 votes. Chen became the first DPP mayoral candidate to lose in the special municipality of Kaohsiung, established in 2010. His defeat marked the end of 20 years of Democratic Progressive Party governance in the old city area of Kaohsiung, and 33 years of governance in the old Kaohsiung County area.

2018 Kaohsiung City mayoral results[31]
No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Han Kuo-yu Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 892,545 53.87% Vote1.svg
2 Chen Chi-mai Democratic Progressive Party 742,239 44.80%
3 Chu Mei-feng Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 7,998 0.48%
4 Su Ying-kuei [zh] Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 14,125 0.85%
Total voters  2,281,338
Valid votes  1,656,907
Invalid votes  
Voter turnout  72.63%

Chen's resignation from the vice premiership took effect on 19 June 2020, as he then represented the DPP as their candidate contesting in the 2020 Kaohsiung mayoral by-election scheduled for 15 August.[32]

Return to mayoralty[edit]

Following the successful recall attempt against Han Kuo-yu, Chen registered as the candidate representing the Democratic Progressive Party in the 2020 Kaohsiung mayoral by-election on 15 August with many calling on him as the favorite to win. He won by a landslide margin with 70 percent of the votes.

Chen announced on 20 August 2020 that Charles Lin [zh], Shih Che [zh], and Lo Ta-sheng [zh] would be joining his administration as deputy mayors,[33] one day before his victory was certified by the Central Election Commission.[34] Chen succeeded acting mayor Yang Ming-jou [zh] on 24 August.[35]

2020 Kaohsiung City mayoral by-election results[36]
No. Candidate Party Votes Percentage
1 Chen Chi-mai Democratic Progressive Party 671,804 70.03% Vote1.svg
2 Li Mei-jhen Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 248,478 25.90%
3 Wu Yi-jheng [zh] Emblem of Taiwan People's Party 2019.svg Taiwan People's Party 38,960 4.06%
Total votes  962,826
Valid votes  959,242
Invalid votes  3,584
Voter turnout  41.83%

Research[edit]

Chen has a master's degree in public health from National Taiwan University [37] and, referring to COVID-19, has been quoted as saying that Taiwan was “the earliest country to activate epidemic prevention measures against this disease”.[38] Chen has proposed using technology including mobile phone data for contact tracing and containment, and is the first author of a paper that describes how passengers of the COVID-19 stricken cruise ship Princess Diamond were traced using mobile phone data, and how their contacts were alerted through text messaging.[39]

Personal[edit]

Chen is married to Wu Hong who is also a doctor and has a son and a daughter.[40]

He is a Master Scuba Diver with close to thirty years of experience.[40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 陈其迈简历. chinataiwan.org (in Chinese). Retrieved May 12, 2008.[dead link]
  2. ^ 【政治】陳哲男之子陳其邁為"總統府副秘書長". stnn.cc (in Chinese). Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
  3. ^ a b 歷任政務委員簡介簡介. Executive Yuan (in Chinese). Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  4. ^ "The New Cabinet". Taiwan Today. July 1, 2004. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c 《星期人物》陳其邁入閣 躍上火線. Liberty Times (Press release) (in Chinese). Taiwan (ROC). May 23, 2004. Retrieved May 7, 2008.
  6. ^ "Annette Lu an early favorite for DPP's 2000 ticket". The Taipei Times (Press release). September 14, 1999. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  7. ^ "Chen names Annette Lu as running mate". The Taipei Times (Press release). December 11, 1999. Retrieved May 15, 2008.
  8. ^ "DPP to mull independence stance". The Taipei Times (Press release). March 22, 2000. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  9. ^ "DPP independence proposal shelved". The Taipei Times (Press release). March 23, 2000. Archived from the original on January 17, 2004. Retrieved May 7, 2008.
  10. ^ "Keep ROC tag, young DPP urge". The Taipei Times (Press release). May 13, 2004. Archived from the original on November 30, 2005. Retrieved May 13, 2008.
  11. ^ "'New Culture Discourse' displeases almost everyone". The Taipei Times (Press release). May 16, 2004. Archived from the original on December 7, 2005. Retrieved May 13, 2008.
  12. ^ Kahn, Joseph. "China Gives Zhao's Death Scant Notice". The New York Times. January 18, 2005. Retrieved January 18, 2005.
  13. ^ "Chen Chi-mai takes over in Kaohsiung". The Taipei Times (Press release) (in Chinese). January 27, 2000. Archived from the original on April 29, 2008. Retrieved May 7, 2008.
  14. ^ "Taiwan Quick Take". The Taipei Times (Press release). January 31, 2005. Archived from the original on February 10, 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  15. ^ 張揆主持高捷紅線首航通車典禮. Government Information Office (in Chinese). Archived from the original on November 30, 2010. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
  16. ^ a b "Kaohsiung mayor pledges incentives for filmmakers". The Taipei Times (Press release). March 18, 2005. Archived from the original on February 22, 2008. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  17. ^ "Kaohsiung mayor gets World Games flag". The Taipei Times (Press release). July 26, 2005. Archived from the original on August 4, 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  18. ^ "Kaohsiung to build stadium for World Games". The Taipei Times (Press release). July 26, 2005. Archived from the original on August 26, 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  19. ^ "Thai workers riot against 'unfair' firm". The Taipei Times (Press release). August 23, 2005. Archived from the original on May 6, 2008. Retrieved May 15, 2008.
  20. ^ "Kaohsiung vows action in wake of riot". The Taipei Times (Press release). August 26, 2005. Archived from the original on March 8, 2008. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  21. ^ "Kaohsiung mayor offers to quit". The Taipei Times (Press release). September 7, 2005. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  22. ^ "Replacements brought in for posts vacated after riot". The Taipei Times (Press release). September 14, 2005. Archived from the original on September 14, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  23. ^ 陳其邁接總統府副祕書長. Liberty Times (Press release) (in Chinese). Taiwan (ROC). February 10, 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  24. ^ "Chen Chi-mai's appointment draws mixed reaction". The Taipei Times (Press release). February 11, 2007. Archived from the original on April 2, 2007. Retrieved March 22, 2008.
  25. ^ "Pan-blues grill Lin in budget meeting". The Taipei Times (Press release). May 25, 2004. Archived from the original on August 6, 2007. Retrieved June 1, 2008.
  26. ^ "Chen accepts role of DPP chairman". The Taipei Times (Press release). October 12, 2007. Archived from the original on April 8, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2008.
  27. ^ "佈局縣市長 蔡籌組選戰策略小組". Liberty Times (Press release) (in Chinese). Taiwan (ROC). May 22, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2008.
  28. ^ "2012年第八屆立法委員當選名單". PTS News Network (Press release). January 14, 2012. Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
  29. ^ Lin, Sean (March 8, 2018). "Chen Chi-mai wins Kaohsiung primary". Taipei Times. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  30. ^ Fan, Cheng-hsiang; Kao, Evelyn (March 7, 2018). "Legislator Chen Chi-mai wins DPP primary for Kaohsiung mayoral race". Central News Agency. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 24, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ Yeh, Su-ping; Ku, Chuan; Yu, Hsiang; Yeh, Joseph (June 17, 2020). "DPP nominates outgoing vice premier for Kaohsiung mayoral by-election - Focus Taiwan". focustaiwan.tw (in Chinese). Central News Agency. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  33. ^ Hou, Wen-ting; Wang, Shu-fen; Yeh, Joseph (August 20, 2020). "Kaohsiung mayor-elect names three deputies". Central News Agency. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
  34. ^ Wang, Flor; Yu, Hsiang (August 21, 2020). "Chen confirmed as Kaohsiung mayor-elect". Central News Agency. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
  35. ^ Hou, Wen-ting; Kao, Evelyn (August 24, 2020). "Chen Chi-mai takes up post as Kaohsiung mayor". Central News Agency. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  36. ^ "高雄市選舉委員會-高雄市第3屆市長補選網站" (in Chinese). 高雄市選舉委員會. August 15, 2020.
  37. ^ "CORONAVIRUS/How Taiwan has been able to keep COVID-19 at bay". CNA/Focus Taiwan.
  38. ^ "CORONAVIRUS/How Taiwan has been able to keep COVID-19 at bay". CNA/Focus Taiwan.
  39. ^ Chen, CM; Jyan, HW; Chien, SC; Jen, HH; Hsu, CY; Lee, PC; Lee, CF; Yang, YT; Chen, MY; Chen, LS; Chen, HH; Chan, CC (May 5, 2020). "Containing COVID-19 Among 627,386 Persons in Contact With the Diamond Princess Cruise Ship Passengers Who Disembarked in Taiwan: Big Data Analytics". Journal of Medical Internet Research. 22 (5): e19540. doi:10.2196/19540. PMC 7202311. PMID 32353827.
  40. ^ a b Tseng, Wei-chen; Chen, Wei-han (February 22, 2015). "Lawmakers passionate about their hobbies". Taipei Times. Retrieved March 7, 2016.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Lin Chia-lung
Spokesperson of the Executive Yuan
2004–2005
Succeeded by
Cho Jung-tai
Preceded by
Frank Hsieh
Mayor of Kaohsiung (acting)
2005
Succeeded by
Yeh Chu-lan
Preceded by
Liu Shyh-fang
Deputy Secretary-General of the Pres. Office
2007–2008
(with Lin Chia-lung)
Succeeded by
Yeh Ching-chuan
Preceded by
Shih Jun-ji
Vice Premier of the Republic of China
2019–2020
Succeeded by
Shen Jong-chin
Preceded by
Yang Ming-jou (acting)
Mayor of Kaohsiung
2020–present
Incumbent