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Chen Cuifen (Chinese: 陳粹芬; 1873–1960) was born in Hong Kong as a fourth child. She was regarded as the “Forgotten revolutionary female” and "The first revolution partner" of Sun Yat-sen. Before marrying Soong Ching-ling, Sun Yat-sen had a 20 year-relationship with Chen Cuifen. In the "Sun Genealogy", she was called "Sun Yat-sen's concubine."
They met in 1892, then fell in love. She made many contributions to the revolution. She lived with Sun in Japan. She acted as Sun's wife to the outside world, and helped the secret activities of the revolution.
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- Khoo, Salma Nasution (2008). Sun Yat Sen in Penang. Penang: Areca Books. pp. 82, 84, 86. ISBN 9789834283483.
- 金雨, ed. (2011-09-01). "一位不该被历史遗忘的"红颜"——陈粹芬". China Radio International (in Chinese). People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2012-07-05.