Chen Huacheng

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Chen Huacheng
Chen Huacheng - DSCF9888.JPG
Chen Huacheng's tomb.
Born1776 (1776)
DiedJune 16, 1842(1842-06-16) (aged 65–66)

Chen Huancheng (1776–1842) was a 19th-century military leader of Qing China.[1] He served as the provincial military leader in Jiangnan Province before being killed in the First Opium War.[2]

Biography[edit]

Chen joined the Imperial Army at a young age, in which he served as a standard bearer. Unlike some of his contemporaries, he rose from the ranks of the army to a command position without taking the customary Wu Keju Imperial Examinations.[1] His early promotions were due to his success in suppressing piracy.[2]

In 1830 Chen was promoted to Admiral of Fujian Province by the Daoguang Emperor. During this time he was stationed in Xiamen. He was promoted again in 1840 when he became a Jiangnan Admiral, the highest rank in the Imperial Navy.[2]

During the First Opium War Chen commanded the Chinese defenses at the mouth of the Yangtze River.[2] He swore to defend the waterway and began to fortify his position against British incursions. On 16 June 1842 a British fleet sailed up the Yangtze and began to bombard Huacheng's position at Wusong.[3] While commanding the Chinese fort there, Chen was killed by either naval artillery or in hand-to-hand combat with the British.[4]

Legacy[edit]

Chen was declared a national hero after his death. A tomb and museum are erected in his honor in Shanghai.[5][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Haijian, Mao (2016-10-18). The Qing Empire and the Opium War. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107069879.
  2. ^ a b c d e National Palace Museum Library and Literature Department Qing Dynasty History Museum package, 702003435-5 number
  3. ^ Rait, Robert S. (1903). The Life and Campaigns of Hugh, First Viscount Gough, Field-Marshal. Volume 1. Westminster: Archibald Constable.
  4. ^ NA, NA (2016-04-30). Japan and China: Mutual Representations in the Modern Era. Springer. ISBN 9781137083654.
  5. ^ "China Institute Study Tour 2011 - China & Taiwan in the 21st Century". www.mitchellteachers.org. Retrieved 2017-06-23.