Chen Li-an

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Chen Li-an (Chinese: 陳履安; pinyin: Chén Lǚ'ān; born 22 June 1937 in Qingtian, Zhejiang, Republic of China), sometimes spelled Chen Lu-an, is an electrical engineer, mathematician and former Taiwanese politician.

Early life[edit]

The son of former Vice President Chen Tsyr-shiou, he earned his masters' and Ph.D. in mathematics from New York University. He had a close friendship with Wang Yung-ching, a respected businessman. Wang later appointed Chen the headmaster of the private Ming-chi Technology College which Wang owned; Chen held the position from July 1970 to February 1972.

Political career[edit]

Chen served as Minister of Economic Affairs from 1988 to 1990, Minister of National Defense from 1990 to 1993, and President of the Control Yuan from 1993 to 1995. He resigned his post, left the Kuomintang, and declared his candidacy for the presidency in September 1995 to express his open criticism of Lee Teng-hui's Mainland policy.

Lin Yang-kang originally considered Chen as his vice-presidential running-mate in the ROC presidential election, 1996. However, Chen chose to run for president himself (with Wang Ching-feng as his vice-presidential candidate). As Chen is a devoted convert to Tibetan Buddhism (he is ethnically Han), he his campaign tour of the island featured a strong spiritual theme, projecting an image that some commented to be like an "ascetic monk". After losing his bid in the presidential election with the lowest vote among the four candidates, Chen announced that he would retire from politics.

1996 Republic of China Presidential Election Result
President Candidate Vice President Candidate Party Votes  %
Lee Teng-hui Lien Chan Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 5,813,699 54.0
Peng Ming-min Frank Hsieh Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party 2,274,586 21.1
Lin Yang-kang Hau Pei-tsun Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 1,603,790 14.9
Chen Li-an Wang Ching-feng Independent candidate icon (TW).svg Independent 1,074,044 9.9
Invalid/blank votes 117,160
Total 10,883,279 100

Later, as part of his efforts to promote Tibetan Buddhism, he founded the Hwa-yu Foundation (化育基金會), of which he serves as president and his eldest son, Chen Yu-ting (陳宇廷), serves as director. Chen also organized charities to financially assist ethnic minorities in mainland China and Nepal. From 1996 to 1998, he visited the People's Republic of China three times, meeting once with President Jiang Zemin.[citation needed]

While he still considered the Kuomintang a "rotten party",[1] Chen endorsed the KMT candidate Lien Chan in the ROC presidential election, 2000, believing that Lien was unlike the rest of the Kuomintang.

In January 2001, Chen re-joined the Kuomintang, because he thought both the party and Taiwan needed him.[2] Since 2002 Chen and his family have been investing and running various business in mainland China, Nepal and Macau.[citation needed]

Chen's last public appearance was in the Pan-Blue Coalition's protests shortly after the ROC presidential election, 2004. He showed his support for Lien Chan and James Soong.

Personal life[edit]

He is married to Tsao Chin (曹倩). His daughter, Chen Yu-hui, is a businesswoman (director of ABN AMRO) and wuxia novelist ("Duō qíng làng zǐ chī qíng xiá";).

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Lin, Chieh-yu (4 Jan 2001). "KMT exodus could cost party its majority". Taipei Times. p. 3. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
Government offices
Preceded by
Lee Ta-hai
ROC Minister of Economic Affairs
Succeeded by
Vincent Siew
Preceded by
Hau Pei-tsun
ROC Minister of National Defense
Succeeded by
Sun Zhen
Preceded by
Huang Tzuen-chiou
President of Control Yuan
Succeeded by
Cheng Sui-Je