Chen Show Mao

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chen Show Mao
陈硕茂
Chen Show Mao at a Workers' Party general election rally, Serangoon Stadium, Singapore - 20110429 (cropped).jpg
Member of the Singapore Parliament
for Aljunied GRC
(Paya Lebar)
In office
7 May 2011 – 23 June 2020
Preceded byCynthia Phua (PAP)
Succeeded bySylvia Lim (WP)
Majority2,626 (1.92%)
ConstituencyAljunied GRC
Personal details
Born (1961-02-06) 6 February 1961 (age 61)[1]
Linbian, Pingtung, Taiwan
NationalitySingaporean
Political partyWorkers' Party (2011–present)
Children3
EducationBachelor of Arts
Master of Arts
Juris Doctor
Alma materHarvard University
University of Oxford
Stanford University
Occupationpolitician, lawyer

Chen Show Mao (Chinese: 陈硕茂; pinyin: Chén Shuòmào; born 6 February 1961)[1] is a Singaporean politician. A graduate of Harvard, Oxford and Stanford, Chen was formerly a corporate lawyer at Davis Polk & Wardwell.

He is a member of the opposition Workers' Party and had been a Member of Parliament representing the Paya Lebar ward of Aljunied Group Representation Constituency (GRC) from 2011 to 2020. He made his political debut in the 2011 general election when he joined a five-member Workers' Party team contesting in Aljunied GRC against a five-member team from the governing People's Action Party (PAP).

The Workers' Party team won with 54.72% of the vote against the PAP team,[2] marking the first time in Singapore's electoral history an opposition party had won an election in a GRC. Chen was elected to Parliament for a second term after the Workers' Party team won the 2015 general election in Aljunied GRC again with 50.96% of the vote against the PAP team.[3]

Chen stepped down as the MP for Aljunied GRC prior to the 2020 general election, he remains active in politics.[4][5]

Background[edit]

Chen was born in Pingtung County, Taiwan. His father was a trader while his mother was an elementary school teacher.[6] He moved to Singapore when he was 11, and studied at Nanyang Primary School, Catholic High School, Anglo-Chinese School and National Junior College.[1] He was the president of the students' council in National Junior College and was the top student for the Singapore-Cambridge GCE Advanced Level examinations in 1979,[7][8] outperforming his batchmates Vivian Balakrishnan and Lui Tuck Yew. After he failed to gain admission into the medical school at the National University of Singapore,[9] he applied to study economics at Harvard University and was accepted.

Between 1980 and 1983, Chen, then a Singapore permanent resident, performed National Service and served as an infantry platoon commander at the 5th Singapore Infantry Regiment and as a brigade adjutant (DYS1) at the headquarters of the 3rd Singapore Infantry Brigade.[10] He became a Singapore citizen in 1986.[11]

Chen graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from Harvard University in 1986 and subsequently completed a Master of Arts in 1988 under a Rhodes Scholarship at Corpus Christi College of the University of Oxford.[12] He completed a Juris Doctor at Stanford Law School in 1992 and another Master of Arts at Corpus Christi College in 2005.[13]

Legal career[edit]

Chen is a partner in the corporate department of Davis Polk & Wardwell and a managing partner of the Beijing office. An experienced lawyer, he has practised in the New York office since 1992, the Hong Kong office since 1999 and the Beijing office since 2007.[14][10]

On 1 July 2011, Chen announced on his Facebook page that he had retired from active practice as a partner of his law firm given his new responsibilities as an MP. The decision was made so that he can spend more time with his family, to better serve his constituency and country, and that he would be exploring alternative work arrangements.[15]

Political career[edit]

During his time abroad, Chen regularly returned home to Singapore to visit his parents, his sister and her family.[16]

Chen stated that he joined the WP because he believed that "the best way to ensure good governance for Singapore is through the growth of a competitive opposition that offers a credible alternative to the party in government".[17] During an interview, Chen frankly explained why he decided to join the WP:[18]

Certainly, my friends in the PAP are in a better position to formulate policy and implement policy in the short term, and therefore, have a greater impact on people's life, people's livelihood over the short term. But I think what I am doing is just as important. Perhaps more important over the long term and that is to help build up a credible opposition that in time is capable to form an alternative government.

Chen Show Mao

On 27 April 2011, Chen submitted his candidacy for the five-member Aljunied Group Representation Constituency (Aljunied GRC) with the WP's Secretary-General Low Thia Khiang, Chairman Sylvia Lim, Pritam Singh, a postgraduate law student, and Muhamad Faisal Abdul Manap, a freelance counsellor. The incumbent team included two cabinet ministers and one Senior Minister of State, and was helmed by the prominent Minister for Foreign Affairs, George Yeo.[19]

During the intense nine-day campaign period that followed, Chen was singled out by leaders of the ruling People's Action Party (PAP) for criticism. The PAP's Organising Secretary and Minister for Education, Ng Eng Hen, questioned Chen's motives for entering politics in a letter to The Straits Times. Ng also questioned whether Chen would be able to relate to the aspirations of Singaporeans after having spent most of his career in the United States and China.[20] The PAP's co-founder and former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew also suggested that Chen could return to China after losing in the election.[21]

Throughout the campaign, Chen kept a low profile when the WP was faced with tough questions, instead allowing frontman Low Thia Khiang to take the heat. He displayed his affinity with regular Singaporean culture and Singaporeans by addressing crowds at rallies with smatterings of Malay and Hokkien to dispel the notion that he was a "foreigner", as he had spent many years abroad. He also highlighted at a WP rally that he came to Singapore at a young age with his parents and sister, that he served National Service, and that he owns an apartment in Bishan and frequently commutes by train.

On 7 May 2011, Chen and his WP team won the Aljunied GRC with 54.71% of the total votes cast, with Yeo's PAP team obtaining 45.29% of the votes. The victory was considered historic because it was the first time that GRC seats had been captured by an opposition party, and the first time that two cabinet ministers had lost their parliamentary seats in a general election. Chen became the first foreign-born opposition MP in the history of Singapore, while his teammates Sylvia Lim and Muhamad Faisal Manap became the first female opposition MP and the first Malay opposition MP respectively.[22] Also, together with Pritam Singh and Muhamad Faisal bin Abdul Manap, he became one of the first three opposition MPs to be elected into parliament at the first attempt.

In the Singapore General Election 2015, the WP candidates successfully defended Aljunied GRC against a PAP team with little political experience. Their vote share was reduced to 50.95%. He served as the Member of Parliament (MP) of Aljunied GRC for Paya Lebar from 7 May 2011 to his retirement as MP on 23 June 2020 and was succeeded by Sylvia Lim.

In May 2016, Chen challenged the incumbent Secretary-General and leader of the Workers' Party Low Thia Khiang for the position and lost.[23] In September of the same year, it was reported by the press that Chen quit as Treasurer but still remained on the Exco.[24] Chen however clarified that his tenure ended.[25]

On 25 June 2020, it was announced that Chen, along with fellow party members, Low Thia Khiang and Png Eng Huat, would not be contesting in the 2020 Singaporean general election, but would still remain active in politics.[5]

Committee of Selection[edit]

On 15 October 2011, it was announced that Chen was nominated to sit on the Committee of Selection, making him the first non-People's Action Party MP to be named to this committee.[26]

Political positions[edit]

In his maiden speech in Parliament, Chen stated how he saw himself as an opposition MP, saying that "I may challenge government policy ... perform my role to voice alternative and opposing views ... but it does not mean I do not support the government in its work". Chen further added that "I am not the enemy of the government. I am a Singaporean, a patriot."[27] During the Ministerial Salary Review debate in January 2012, Chen further expressed his opinion that political office is a calling and should neither be treated as a discount factor, nor be monetised.[28]

Together with his fellow WP opposition MPs, Chen questioned the 2013 Population White Paper.[29] In his speech on 5 February 2014, Chen proposed instead to increase the resident workforce growth of Singapore citizens and permanent residents by up to 1% per year till 2030. He also proposed that the foreign workforce size be held constant except when growth targets for the resident labour force are not met.[30] Previously, Chen had suggested redefining industry segments when considering the issue of foreign worker dependency.[31]

Within parliament and at WP election rallies, Chen has called for more recognition and support for older Singaporeans, including the promotion of industries catering to the older population.[32][33][34][35] He has also called for welfare and government support for older Singaporeans and their caregivers to be more accessible.[36][37] Chen and his fellow WP colleagues have called for acknowledging the contributions of matured Singaporean workers.[38]

In addition to older Singaporeans, Chen also advocated for investing in the poorer, disabled segments of society, terming this as an "unlocking social value".[35] Other subjects Chen has spoken on in parliament include angel funding for the arts,[39] data protection,[40] casino control,[41] and scholarships for regional studies.[42]

Personal life[edit]

Chen is married and had three children, one of whom is deceased. His wife, a homemaker, was born in Taiwan but grew up in Indonesia, then emigrated to the United States with her family.[43]

Current appointments[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Member's CV – Mr Chen Show Mao". Parliament of Singapore. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  2. ^ "2011 PARLIAMENTARY GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS". Elections Department Singapore. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  3. ^ "2015 PARLIAMENTARY GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS". Elections Department Singapore. Retrieved 22 November 2021.
  4. ^ "Aljunied Community | Chen Show Mao". Archived from the original on 16 June 2011. Retrieved 12 June 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Low, Chen and Png stepping down". The Straits Times. 25 June 2020. Archived from the original on 26 June 2020. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  6. ^ 中时电子报. "台湾之光-屏东囝仔陈硕茂 星国新科议员 – 焦点要闻". 中时电子报 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 5 July 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  7. ^ "Newspapers - I've done it, top scholar Show Mao tells mum". Archived from the original on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  8. ^ "I've done it, top scholar Show Mao tells mum". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Archived from the original on 20 September 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  9. ^ "The Straits Times, 24 May 1981, Page 9, Top scholars who can't get into medical faculty". Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
  10. ^ a b c "Executive Council : The Workers' Party of Singapore". Archived from the original on 28 July 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  11. ^ "Workers' Party's star candidate opens up". sg.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  12. ^ "Ex-Rhodes Scholar is potential WP candidate". The Straits Times. 14 March 2011. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  13. ^ "Advisory Board Member". Archived from the original on 1 April 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  14. ^ "Dealmakers of the Year". The American Lawyer. Archived from the original on 20 September 2020. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Chen Show Mao retires from active practice at law firm". Channel NewsAsia. 1 July 2011. Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  16. ^ "Chen Show Mao says Singapore is home". Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
  17. ^ "Chen Show Mao : Towards a First World Parliament". Archived from the original on 26 April 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  18. ^ "RAZORTV - Chen: Why I joined WP, not PAP". Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  19. ^ "GE WP's Low Thia Khiang contests in Aljunied GRC - Channel NewsAsia". Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  20. ^ "PAP salvo targets Workers' Party 'star' Chen". Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
  21. ^ "My last election? That depends on..." AsiaOne. Archived from the original on 6 May 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  22. ^ "GE S'poreans view WP as rational, responsible & credible, says Low - Channel NewsAsia". Archived from the original on 10 May 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
  23. ^ hermes (30 May 2016). "Low Thia Khiang beats Chen Show Mao in Workers' Party polls to retain secretary-general post". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  24. ^ hermes (9 September 2016). "Chen Show Mao quits as Workers' Party's treasurer; still in exco". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  25. ^ "Chen Show Mao clarifies he didn't resign as Workers' Party treasurer". Mothership.sg. Archived from the original on 11 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  26. ^ "Chen first non-PAP MP nominated for Committee of Selection". Yahoo News. Archived from the original on 17 October 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  27. ^ "Workers Party MP Chen Show Mao Parliament speech". YouTube. Archived from the original on 10 April 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  28. ^ "MP Chen Show Mao's speech on Ministerial Salary Review : The Workers' Party of Singapore". Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 September 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ "population white paper – The Workers' Party". Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 February 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  33. ^ "23 Jan 2013 Punggol East By-Election Rally Speech by Chen Show Mao : The Workers' Party of Singapore". Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  36. ^ "COS 2012 Debates: MOH – Integrated Eldercare : The Workers' Party of Singapore". Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  37. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 August 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  38. ^ "WP May Day 2014 Message: Value the contributions of mature workers : The Workers' Party of Singapore". Archived from the original on 31 July 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  39. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. ^ "Speech on Data Protection Bill – MP Chen Show Mao : The Workers' Party of Singapore". Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  41. ^ "Speech on Casino Control (Amendment) Bill – MP Chen Show Mao : The Workers' Party of Singapore". Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  43. ^ "GE 2011; Chen: I never stopped being a Singaporean" (PDF). The Straits Times. 26 April 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019.

External links[edit]

Parliament of Singapore
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Aljunied Group Representation Constituency

21 May 2011 – 23 June 2020
Served alongside: Low Thia Khiang, Sylvia Lim, Pritam Singh, Muhamad Faisal Abdul Manap
Succeeded by