Chenab River

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Chenab
चेनब / ਚਨਾਬ / چناب
River
Old Bridge over river Chenab at Ramban.jpg
Old bridge over Chenab river at Ramban, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Countries India, Pakistan
Tributaries
 - right Marusadar River[1]
Source Bara Lacha pass
 - coordinates 32°38′09″N 77°28′51″E / 32.63583°N 77.48083°E / 32.63583; 77.48083
Mouth Confluence with Sutlej to form the Panjnad River
 - location Bahawalpur district, Punjab, Pakistan
 - coordinates 29°20′57″N 71°1′41″E / 29.34917°N 71.02806°E / 29.34917; 71.02806Coordinates: 29°20′57″N 71°1′41″E / 29.34917°N 71.02806°E / 29.34917; 71.02806
Length 960 km (597 mi) approx.
Discharge for Akhnoor
 - average 800.6 m3/s (28,273 cu ft/s) [2]
Location of the Chenab on a map of the Indus river and its tributaries
Chenab River is located in Pakistan
Chenab River
Location of the mouth of the river on a map of Pakistan

The Chenab River (Hindi: चेनब cenab; Punjabi: ਚਨਾਬ, canāb; Urdu: چناب‎) is a major river of India and Pakistan. It forms in the upper Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows through the Kishtwar district of Jammu region in Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of the Punjab, Pakistan. The waters of the Chenab are allocated to Pakistan under the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty.[3][4]

World’s highest rail bridge on Chenab river 

History[edit]

The river was known to Indians in the Vedic period[5] as Chandrabhaga (Sanskrit: चंद्रभाग), also Asikni (Sanskrit: असिक्नी) or Iskmati (Sanskrit: इस्कामति) and as Acesines to the Ancient Greeks.[6][7] In 325 BC, Alexander the Great allegedly founded the town of Alexandria on the Indus (present day Uch Sharif or Mithankot or Chacharan in Pakistan) at the confluence of the Indus and the combined stream of Punjab rivers (currently known as the Panjnad River).[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Construction of power projects over Chenab". Business Recorder. 26 August 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  2. ^ ftp://daac.ornl.gov/data/rivdis/STATIONS.HTM, ORNL, Retrieved 8 Dec 2016
  3. ^ "River Chenab" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  4. ^ "Indus Waters Treaty". The World Bank. Retrieved 8 Dec 2016. 
  5. ^ Yule, Henry; Arthur Coke Burnell; William Crooke. "Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of Anglo-Indian colloquial words & phrases and of kindred terms". Pg.741. Retrieved 8 Dec 2016. 
  6. ^ https://www.britannica.com/place/Chenab-River, Chenab River on Encyclopædia Britannica, Retrieved 8 Dec 2016
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica article on the Chenab
  8. ^ Alexandria (Uch)