Chenab River

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Old Bridge over river Chenab at Ramban.jpg
Old bridge over Chenab river at Ramban, Jammu and Kashmir.
Countries India, Pakistan
 - right Marusadar River[1]
Source Bara Lacha pass
 - coordinates 32°38′09″N 77°28′51″E / 32.63583°N 77.48083°E / 32.63583; 77.48083
Mouth Confluence with Sutlej to form the Panjnad River
 - location Bahawalpur district, Punjab, Pakistan
 - coordinates 29°20′57″N 71°1′41″E / 29.34917°N 71.02806°E / 29.34917; 71.02806Coordinates: 29°20′57″N 71°1′41″E / 29.34917°N 71.02806°E / 29.34917; 71.02806
Length 960 km (597 mi) approx.
Discharge for Akhnoor
 - average 800.6 m3/s (28,273 cu ft/s) [2]

The Chenab River is a major river of India and Pakistan. It forms in the upper Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows through the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of the Punjab, Pakistan. The waters of the Chenab are allocated to Pakistan under the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty.[3][4]


The river was known to Indians in the Vedic period[5] as Chandrabhaga (Sanskrit: चंद्रभाग), also Asikni (Sanskrit: असिक्नी) or Iskmati (Sanskrit: इस्कामति) and as Acesines to the Ancient Greeks.[6][7] In 325 BC, Alexander the Great allegedly founded the town of Alexandria on the Indus (present day Uch Sharif or Mithankot or Chacharan in Pakistan) at the confluence of the Indus and the combined stream of Punjab rivers (currently known as the Panjnad River).[8]

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Construction of power projects over Chenab". Business Recorder. 26 August 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  2. ^, ORNL, Retrieved 8 Dec 2016
  3. ^ "River Chenab" (PDF). Retrieved 8 Dec 2016. 
  4. ^ "Indus Waters Treaty". The World Bank. Retrieved 8 Dec 2016. 
  5. ^ Yule, Henry; Arthur Coke Burnell; William Crooke. "Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of Anglo-Indian colloquial words & phrases and of kindred terms". Pg.741. Retrieved 8 Dec 2016. 
  6. ^, Chenab River on Encyclopædia Britannica, Retrieved 8 Dec 2016
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica article on the Chenab
  8. ^ Alexandria (Uch)