The university was formerly the Chengdu Institute of Physical Education (成都体育学院). It has a history of more than 60 years.The university is adjacent to Wuhou Shrine. It is the most famous kinesiology university in Southwest China, as well as one of the top five Universities of that kind. It has a reputation from sports, such as gymnastics, martial art and weightlifting, and is also recognized as an established authority in Sports Iatrology and the application of T.C.M. in prevention, therapy and recovery of sports injuries and fatigue. In 2002, it was the first college in China to establish a Sports-Oriented English Department, aiming to support the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008 by providing translators and interpreters. For its contributions to the national sports undertakings, it is ranked as one of top three Sports Universities in China in 2006.