Chengdu Metro

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Chengdu Metro
Chengdu Metro icon.svg
天府广场下沉广场.jpg
Entrance to Tianfu Square Station, The interchange station between Line 1 and Line 2 of Chengdu Metro
Overview
Owner City of Chengdu China
Locale Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 4 (16 more planned)
Number of stations 87
Daily ridership 1.7058 million (2016 Avg.)[1]
2.3811 million (2016 peak)[2]
Annual ridership 339 million (2015)[3]
Website www.cdmetro.cn
Operation
Began operation 27 September 2010
(10 September 2010 Public Trial)
Operator(s) Chengdu Metro Limited
Technical
System length 108.4 km (67.4 mi)[1]
Electrification 750 V DC third rail
System map

2016Chengdu Metro.png

Chengdu Metro
Traditional Chinese 成都地鐵
Simplified Chinese 成都地铁

Chengdu Metro is the local mass rapid train transportation system in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, China. The system has four lines. Line 1 was constructed between December 2005 and 2010, and opened at Sep 27th, making it the first heavy-rail metro line in south and west China. (Chongqing Rail Transit Line 2 opened first in 2005 but is Heavy-Monorail);[4] and Line 2 began operations in September 2012. Line 4 opened to public at the end of December 2015, while Line 3 opened in July 2016. Metro lines are operated by Chengdu Metro Limited Liability Company. And city commuting train lines including Chengdupu Line and Chengpeng Line are operated by Chengdu City Commuting Railway Limited Liability Company.

The Chengdu Metro System consists of three parts: the Metro and the City Railway, as well as the Light Rail Train. It is China's first joint venture between a local government and China's national rail operator. The city and the Ministry of Railways worked together in building metro lines and high speed commuting rail lines.[5] The light rail began construction at October 2015, and will open to public in 2017.

History[edit]

Evolution of the Chengdu Metro
  • Chengdu Metro's first subway line, Line 1, started construction on December 28, 2005.[6]
  • Construction of Line 2 began on 29 December 2007.[7]
  • Line 1 opened on 27 September 2010.[4][8]
  • Line 4 started construction on 22 July 2011.[9]
  • On 25 April 2012, Line 3 was approved by the Development and Reform Commission[10]
  • On 16 January 2012, the National Development and Reform Commission officially approved the southern extension of Line 1.[11]
  • On 28 April 2012, Line 3 started construction.[12]
  • On 8 June 2013, Line 2 West Extension to Xipu, and Ocean Park Station on Line 1 was opened. Ocean Park was then renamed to Jincheng Plaza.
  • On 26 October 2014, Line 2 East Extension to Longquanyi opened.
  • On 25 July 2015, Line 1 South Extension was opened.[13]
  • On December 10, 2015, Line 4 phase 1 was opened.
  • On July 31, 2016, Line 3 phase 1 was opened.

Network[edit]

There will be five lines constructed in the first phase, covering 126 km with 116 stations including 11 interchange stations. Line 1 has 17 stations at along the 18.50 kilometre route, starting at Shengxian Lake and ending at Century City. Line 2 has 26 stations along the 31.20 kilometre route, starting at Xipu and ending at Chengdu Institute of Administration.

Line Terminals
(District)
Opened Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations
 1  Shengxian Lake
(Chenghua)
Guangdu
(Shuangliu)
2010 2015 23.9 22
 2  Xipu
(Pidu)
Longquanyi
(Longquanyi)
2012 2014 42.3 32
 3  Chengdu Junqu General Hospital
(Jinniu)
Taipingyuan
(Wuhou)
2016 - 20.33 17
 4  Intangible Cultural Heritage Park
(Wenjiang)
Wannianchang
(Chenghua)
2015 - 22.4 16
Total 108.4 87

Line 1[edit]

Main article: Line 1, Chengdu Metro
Luomashi Station

The first phase of Line 1 cost 7 billion yuan to construct.[14] A natural ventilation system has been used in the construction of the underground section of Line 1 on the subway system from Southern Third Ring Road to Chengdu New Exhibition and Convention Center. Square ventilation units are built every 30m along the subway top to allow fresh air from the ground enter the construction site underground. The method is used in subway construction in other countries as it cuts the construction cost and it saves energy. The subway system is the first in China to adopt such a ventilation system during construction. Chengdu Metro is planning to set up a section for subway fire control and introduce the latest fire fighting technologies and vehicles.[15]

Line 2[edit]

Main article: Line 2, Chengdu Metro

Line 2 is a crosstown northwest-southeast trunk route. It serves the Chengdu East Railway Station. Line 2 began operation on 16 September 2012.[16]

Line 3[edit]

Main article: Line 3, Chengdu Metro

Line 3 is a crosstown northeast-southwest trunk route. It started operation on 31 July 2016.

Line 4[edit]

Main article: Line 4, Chengdu Metro

Line 4 is a crosstown east-west trunk route, serving the Chengdu West Railway Station. It started operation on 26 December 2015.

Rolling stock and technology[edit]

There will be 22 B size sets of three cars each when the line opens, made by CSR. The trains will be air-conditioned and can hold up to a maximum of 1,200 people. The cars will be 2.8m wide and 19m long. In the future, trains will be expanded to five cars. The rolling stock's average train speed will be 35 km/h and its maximum speed will be 80 km/h. The metro system will be equipped with Automatic Train Protection, Automatic Train Control, Automatic Train Stop and Automatic Train Operation. Fire alarms, on-train/track systems, and automatic fare collection systems will also be installed. A minimum curve radius of 400m will be used where possible, though some restricted areas will have a curve radius of 300m. The maximum gradient will be 35%[clarification needed], and the railway tracks will be laid to standard gauge (1435mm) using 60 kg/m rail, allowing a maximum speed of 80 km/h. The power supply will be 750 V DC with third rail collection and running rail return.[17]

In April 2011, a further order was announced for trains from CSR, taking the total to 354 units.[18]

Network expansion[edit]

Seven lines are planned to be constructed over the next thirty years and five have been planned so far, with all around the city centre. When the whole of Line 1 is completed, it will have reached a length of 31.6 km with 22.44 km of underground tracks and 9.16 km of tracks at either ground level or elevated with 23 stations. There will be a depot at Huayang, two main substations, ten traction substations and one control centre. Line 1 will interchange with Chengdu Railway Station and Chengdu South Railway Station.[17]

Lines under construction[edit]

Extensions of Line 4 in both directions are expected to open in 2017.[19] Line 7 is expected to start construction before the end of 2012 with a 2015 target completion date, but was pushed back to 2017.[20] In 2020, it is expected that Chengdu will build about 291 km of subway lines.[21] In 2017 the first phases Lines 8, 9, 11, 17 and Line 10 Phase 2 will start construction being the length of subway under construction in Chengdu to 400km.[22]

Chengdu Metro Plan of 2020
Est. Opening Line # Phase # Starting Station/Ending Station Length (km) Stations Notes
May 2017
  Line 4
Phase 2 - West Extension Wansheng Intangible Cultural Heritage Park 10.67 8 [23]
Phase 2 - East Extension Wanniancheng Xihe 10.188 6 [23]
October 2017 Phase 1 Taipinyuan Shuangliu Airport Terminal 2 10.9 5 [24]
December 2017 Whole line Loop line 38.56 31 [25]
February 2018
  Line 1
Phase 3 - North Extension Shengxian Lake North 3rd Ring Road 1.46 1
Phase 3 - Branch Guangdu Wugengsong 1.21 1
Phase 3 - South Extension Sihe Xinglong Lake 14.33 11
December 2018
  Line 3
Phase 3 Chengdu Medical College Chengdu Junqu General Hospital 12.5 9
April 2019 Phase 2 - South Extension Taipingyuan Banqiaozi 17.2 11
December 2019
  Line 5
Phase 1 Chengdu International Trade City North Yingbin Road 39.2 35
Phase 2 Yingbin Road Huilong Road 9.8 6
2020
  Line 6
Phase 1, 2 Sichuan National University Film & Television College Guandong Road 47.4 38
January 2020 Phase 1 South Railway Station Tianfu New Station 41.4 7

Lines Under Planning[edit]

Line # Phase Starting Station/Ending Station Length (km) Stations Notes
  Line 8
Longtanxiang Shuangliu University town 36.1 27
  Line 9
Phase 1 27.5 14
Guandong Road Huilong Road West 18
Phase 1 Jitou Town Yiyuan 25.7 8
Phase 2 Qingshui River Bridge Jitou Town

In planning, Line 9, Line 11 and Line 17 are expected to start construction in 2017.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "成都地铁单日客流破200万 累计客运量达13.8亿乘次-新华网". news.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2016-09-18. 
  2. ^ "9月30日成都地铁客流达238.11万乘次 创新高". 成都全搜索新闻网. Retrieved 2016-10-02. 
  3. ^ "成都:2012年成都地铁全年累计载客过亿人次". 成都地铁 (in Chinese). 8 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  4. ^ a b http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2010-09/27/content_11355596.htm, China Daily, 2010-09-27
  5. ^ 全国首家地铁合资公司9月10日将在成都诞生 (in Chinese). 成都日报. 4 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  6. ^ 成都开通我国西部地区首条地铁 (in Chinese). 新华网. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  7. ^ 成都地铁二号线一期工程本月16日开通试运营 (in Chinese). 四川在线. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-13. 
  8. ^ 成都进入地铁时代 市民体验1号线开通试运营 (in Chinese). 四川在线. 24 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  9. ^ 成都地铁4号线获发改委批复 10月正式开建 (in Chinese). 四川在线. 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-22. 
  10. ^ 成都地铁3号线一期工程获批 最高时速80公里 (in Chinese). 华西都市报. 27 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-27. 
  11. ^ 成都地铁1号线南延线获国家发改委批复 (in Chinese). 四川新闻网. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  12. ^ 成都地铁3号线一期获批 明日开工设15站点 (in Chinese). 新华网四川频道. 27 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
  13. ^ http://news.chengdu.cn/2015/0725/1710253.shtml
  14. ^ Huang Zhiling and Bao Xinyan, Work begins on new metro schemes, China Daily, 2005-12-29
  15. ^ Chengdu Municipal Government, Subway to Adopt Natural Ventilation Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine., Retrieved on 2007-03-13
  16. ^ "成都地铁2号线今日正式开通试运营". Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  17. ^ a b Chengdu Metro Project, China, Railway Technology, Retrieved on 2007-03-13
  18. ^ "Chengdu Metro orders more cars". 7 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  19. ^ "成都地铁3、4、7号线2015年通车" Sichuan News 2012-09-14
  20. ^ "2015年成都地铁基本成网" Sichuan News 2012-09-14
  21. ^ 2020年 成都市轨道交通运营网总规模约291公里 (in Chinese). 四川在线. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-09. 
  22. ^ "成都地铁加速成网今年13条线同时在建_新闻资讯_新闻首页_成都全搜索". news.chengdu.cn. Retrieved 2017-02-25. 
  23. ^ a b 成都地铁4号线二期工程环境影响评价第一次公示 (in Chinese). 成都地铁. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  24. ^ "成都地铁10号线一期工程环境影响评价第一次公示". 成都地铁. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  25. ^ "成都地铁7号线工程环境影响评价补充公示". 成都地铁. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-24.