Chengdu Metro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chengdu Metro
Chengdu Metro icon.svg
Line 4 Train Chengdu Metro.jpg
Overview
OwnerCity of Chengdu
LocaleChengdu, Sichuan, China
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines13 [1]
Number of stations373 [2]
Daily ridership3.1713 million (2018 Avg.)[3]
6.0171 million (2021 Peak)[4]
Annual ridership1158 million (2018)[3]
Websitewww.chengdurail.com
Operation
Began operation27 September 2010; 11 years ago (2010-09-27)
(10 September 2010; 11 years ago (2010-09-10) Public Trial)
Operator(s)Chengdu Rail Transit Group
Technical
System length518.5 km (322.2 mi)[5] (excluding Chengdu Tram)
557.8 km (346.6 mi)[6][7] (including Chengdu Tram)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification1500 V DC overhead lines
System map

Chengdu Metro Linemap.svg

The Chengdu Metro is the rapid transit system of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan, China. The system consists of 12 subway lines and 1 light rail line. Line 1 was opened on 27 September 2010, making it the first heavy-rail metro line in southwest China. (Chongqing Rail Transit opened Monorail first in 2005)[8] Line 2 began operation in September 2012. Line 4 opened to public at the end of December 2015, while Line 3 opened in July 2016. Metro lines are operated by Chengdu Rail Transit Group Company Limited. There are currently 389 km (242 mi) of subway lines under construction in Chengdu in 2020.[9] There are 12 operating subway lines of totaling 518.5 km (322.2 mi)[10] and 1 tram line (Line T2) of 39.3 km (24.4 mi) and expected to serve over 8 million trips per day.[11] On Dec 18th, 2020, Chengdu Metro officially opened Line 6, 8, 9, 17, 18, making this system the 4th largest in the world.

Operating network[edit]

There are twelve subway lines operated covering 518.5 km (322.2 mi)[5] with 337 stations and a 39.3 km (24.4 mi) long with 36 stop light rail line (Line T2) operating.

Chengdu Metro Network
Map of Chengdu Metro            
  • Chengdu Metro Linemap.svg
Line Terminals
(District/County)
Commencement Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations
1 Weijianian
(Jinniu)
Science City
(Shuangliu)
2010 2018 40.99 35
Wugensong
(Shuangliu)
2 Xipu
(Pidu)
Longquanyi
(Longquanyi)
2012 2014 42.32 32
3 Chengdu Medical College
(Xindu)
Shuangliu West Station
(Shuangliu)
2016 2018 49.89 37
4 Wansheng
(Wenjiang)
Xihe
(Longquanyi)
2015 2017 43.28 30
5 Huagui Road
(Xindu)
Huilong
(Shuangliu)
2019 49.02[12] 41
6 Wangcong Temple
(Pidu)
Lanjiagou
(Shuangliu)
2020 68.88 56
7
loop line
Cuijiadian
(Chenghua)
Cuijiadian
(Chenghua)
2017 38.61 31
8 Shilidian
(Chenghua)
Lianhua
(Shuangliu)
2020 29.1 25
9 Financial City East
(Jinjiang)
Huangtianba
(Qingyang)
2020 22.18 13
10 Taipingyuan
(Wuhou)
Xinping
(Xinjin)
2017 2019 37.972 16
17 Jinxing
(Wenjiang)
Jitouqiao
(Wuhou)
2020 26.15 9
18 South Railway Station
(Wuhou)
Tianfu International Airport North
(Jianyang)
2020 69.39[13] 12
Total 518 337

Line 1[edit]

The first phase of Line 1 cost 7 billion yuan to construct.[14] A natural ventilation system has been used in the underground section of Line 1 on the subway system from Southern Third Ring Road to Jingcheng Plaza Station. Square ventilation units are built every 30m along the subway top to allow fresh air from the ground enter the construction site underground. The method is used in subway construction in other countries as it cuts the construction cost and it saves energy. The subway system is the first in China to adopt such a ventilation system during construction. Chengdu Metro is planning to set up a section for subway fire control and introduce the latest fire fighting technologies and vehicles. Line 1's color is dark blue.[15]

Line 2[edit]

Line 2 is a crosstown northwest-southeast trunk route. This line serves the Chengdu East railway station. Line 2 began operation on September 16, 2012. An 11 km long mostly elevated extension to Longquanyi began testing in April 2014 opened in October 2014. Line 2's color is orange.[16]

Line 3[edit]

Line 3 runs in a northeast–southwest direction from Chengdu Medical College to Shuangliu West Station. The total length is 49.85 km (30.98 mi). Phase 1 of this line began construction on 28 April 2012, and opened on 31 July 2016. Line 3's color is magenta.

Line 4[edit]

Line 4 is the third line to enter revenue service on the metro network in Chengdu, Sichuan. Line 4 runs in an east–west direction, stretching from Wansheng in Wenjiang to Xihe in the Longquanyi. The first phase started construction on July 22, 2011, and began operation on 26 December 2015. Testing began on the east of west extensions of Line 4 as part of Phase II expansion on December 10, 2016. Line 4's color is green.

Line 5[edit]

Fuqin station of Line 5

Line 5 is a crosstown north-south trunk line. It started operation on 27 December 2019. Line 5's color is purple.

Line 6[edit]

Xipu station of Line 6

Line 6 is a crosstown northwest-south-west pivotal line. It started operation on 18th Dec 2020. Line 6's color is brown.

Line 7[edit]

Line 7 is a loop line which runs around downtown Chengdu. It started operation on 6 December 2017. Line 7's color is sky blue.

Line 8[edit]

Line 8 is a crosstown northeast-southwest filling line. Phase 1 started operation on 18th Dec 2020. Line 8's color is chartreuse.

Line 9[edit]

Huaxing station of Line 9

Line 9 is a second circle line. It is the first driverless metro line in Mid/West China. Phase 1 started operation on 18th Dec 2020. Line 9's color is bright orange.

Line 10[edit]

Line 10 is a line serving Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport. It started operation on 6 September 2017. Line 10's color is blue.

Line 17[edit]

Fengxihe station of Line 17

Line 17 is an express line at west side of Chengdu. Phase 1, including phase 1 of line 19, started operation on 18th Dec 2020. Line 17's color is pale green.

Line 18[edit]

Line 18 is an express subway line paralleling southern Line 1 serving Tianfu New Area. It started operation on 27 September 2020. Phase 2 started operation on 18th Dec 2020. Line 18's color is teal.

Tram Line 2[edit]

Hexin Road station of Tram Line 2

Chengdu Tram Line 2 has 39.3 km of operating tracks, 35 stations (47 when fully completed). Tram Line 2's color is light green.

History[edit]

Evolution of the Chengdu Metro

Inception[edit]

In 1985, the Chengdu Planning Bureau set up an integrated transportation planning office which began the process of the planning for a rapid transit network for Chengdu.[17] By 1992, a proposal for the subway was sent to the National Planning Commission[18] and was subsequently rejected.[17] In 2004 before the approval of the National Development and Reform Commission Chengdu started reconstructing Tianfu Square with provisions for Tianfu Square station.[19] The first phase of Chengdu Metro, consisting of Lines 1 and 2, were approved by the NDRC on 11 September 2005.[20]

First Phase Projects[edit]

  • Line 1 started construction on 28 December 2005.[21]
  • Line 2 began construction on 29 December 2007.[22]
  • In May 2009 the NDRC approved the addition of a western and eastern extensions of Line 2, and approved the first phase of Lines 3 and 4 in Phase 1.[23]
  • Line 1 opened on 27 September 2010.[8][24]
  • Construction of the first phase of Line 4 started construction on 22 July 2011.[25]
  • On 25 April 2012, Line 3 was approved by the Development and Reform Commission. [26]
  • On 16 January 2012, the National Development and Reform Commission officially approved the southern extension of Line 1.[27]
  • On 28 April 2012, Line 3 started construction.[28]
  • On 8 June 2013, Line 2 West Extension to Xipu, and Ocean Park Station on Line 1 was opened. Ocean Park was then renamed to Jincheng Plaza.
  • On 26 October 2014, Line 2 East Extension to Longquanyi opened.
  • On 25 July 2015, Line 1 South Extension was opened.[29]
  • On 10 December 2015, Line 4 Phase 1 was opened.
  • On 31 July 2016, Line 3 Phase 1 was opened marking the completion of the first phase.

Second Phase Projects[edit]

  • In May 2009, the NDRC approved the second phase of expansion for the Chengdu Metro consisting Line 1 Phase 3, Line 3 Phase 2 and 3, Line 4 Phase 2, Line 5 Phase 1 and 2, Line 6 Phase 1, Line 7, Line 10 Phase 1, and Line 18. In total Phase 2 consists of 183.3 km (113.9 mi) of new subway.[30]
  • On 4 June 2014, Line 10 Phase 1 started construction.[31]
  • In August 2015, Line 5 Phase 1 started construction.[32]
  • On 28 February 2017, Line 18's first tunnel boring machine was launched.[33]
  • On 2 June 2017, Line 4 Phase 2 was opened.[34]
  • On 6 September 2017, Line 10 phase 1 was opened.[35]
  • On 6 December 2017, Line 7 was opened.[36]
  • On 18 March 2018, Line 1 Phase 3 was opened.[37]
  • On 26 December 2018, Line 3 Phase 2 and 3 was opened.[38]
  • In November 2019, Chengdu Metro started to use new signage branding with the opening of Line 5.[39]
  • On 27 December 2019, Line 5 and Line 10 Phase 2 was opened.[40]
  • On 2 June 2020, Line 18, the biggest PPP project in China, started its 3-month trial operation in preparation for opening.[41]
  • On 27 May 2020, Line 6 begins testing.[42]
  • On 6 August 2020, Line 18 completed fire-prevention assessment.[43]
  • On 27 September 2020, Line 18 Phase 1 opened.
  • On 18 Dec 2020, Line 6 Phase 1/2/3, Line 8 Phase 1, Line 9 Phase 1, Line 17 Phase 1, Line 18 Phase 2 opened. Marking the completion of Phase 2 and 3 projects.[44]

Third Phase Projects[edit]

  • On 11 July 2016, the NDRC approved the third phase of expansion for the Chengdu Metro consisting of Line 6 phase 2 and 3, Line 8, Line 9, Line 10 Phase 2, Line 17 Phase 1 and Line 18.[45] The third phase was to be simultaneously built with the already under construction second phase.
  • On 31 December 2016, Lines 8, 9 and the second phase of Line 10 started construction.[46]
  • On 16 August 2016, Line 18 started construction.[47]
  • On 30 July 2019, the TBM finished tunneling between Chengdu West Railway to Huangtianba Stations, completing tunneling for Line 9.[50]
  • On 5 August 2019, all stations on Line 17 Phase 1 completed construction of main structure and roofing.[51]
  • On 14 January 2020, the last section of track was laid between Sanyuan Station to Jincheng Avenue Station, completing track work for all of Line 9 Phase 1.[52]
  • On 11 April 2020, Chengdu Metro reported that track-laying for Line 8 was completed.[53]
  • On 19 June 2020, Line 9 and Line 17 both started 3-month trial operations.[54]
  • On 24 June 2020, Construction finished for Wutongmiao Temple Depot (五桐庙停车场) for Line 17.[55]
  • On 8 July 2020, Line 6 Phase 1 and 2 was officially powered on.[56]
  • On 8 August 2020, Line 8's whole line power network passed quality assessment.[57]
  • On 18 Dec 2020, Line 6 Phase 1/2/3, Line 8 Phase 1, Line 9 Phase 1, Line 17 Phase 1, Line 18 Phase 2 opened.[44] Marking the completion of Phase 2 and 3 projects and making the Chengdu Metro the 4th largest subway system in the world with over 500km of operating subway route after 15 years of breakneck growth.

Fourth Phase Projects[edit]

  • On 17 June 2019, the NDRC approved the fourth phase expansion for the Chengdu Metro. It consists of Line 8 Phase 2, Line 10 Phase 3, Line 13 Phase 1, Line 17 Phase 2, Line 18 Phase 3, Line 19 Phase 2, Line 27 Phase 1, Line 30 Phase 1.[58] The Fourth Phase consists of 176.65 km (109.77 mi) of new lines.[11]
  • On 18 March 2020, construction started on Line 8 Phase 2, Line 19 Phase 2, Line 27 Phase 1, and Line 30 Phase 1.[59]
  • On 11 April 2020, construction started on Line 10 Phase 3, Line 13 Phase 1, Line 17 Phase 2, Line 18 Phase 3, and Line 19 Phase 2.[53]

Network Expansion[edit]

Lines under construction[edit]

Map of Chengdu Metro plan (2024)

It is expected that Chengdu will have built about 291 km (181 mi) of subway lines in 2020.[61] In 2017, the construction of the first phases of Lines 8, 9, 11, 17 and Line 10 (Phase 2) started, the length of subway under construction in Chengdu totaling 400 km (250 mi).[62] It is expected by the end of 2020, Lines 6, 8, 9, 17 and 18 will open. Extending the Chengdu Metro network to 518.5 km of route (excluding Chengdu Tram).[5]

Est. Opening Line Phase Terminals Length (km) Stations Notes
2022 19 Phase 1 Jiujiang North Hejiang 42.87 12
2023 10 Phase 3 Taipingyuan People's Park 5.67 5
2024 8 Phase 2 Southwest section Longgang Lianhua 1.25 1
Phase 2 Northeast section Shilidian Guilong Road 6.56 6
13 Phase 1 Wayaotan Long'an 29.07 21
17 Phase 2 Jitouqiao Gaohong 24.8 18
18 Phase 3 North Section North Railway Station South Railway Station 10.99 4 [63][64]
Phase 3 Guanyan Section Tianfu International Airport North Guanyan 2.57 1
27 Phase 1 Shifo Shuxin Road 24.86 23
30 Phase 1 Terminal 2 of Shuangliu International Airport Baihelin 26.28 23

Long Term Planning[edit]

In December 2020, Chengdu Municipal Bureau of Planning and Natural Resources announced the long-term planning including Lines 1-33, D1-D6 and S1-S19.[65]

Fares[edit]

Single Ride Card[edit]

Single Ride Card is an IC card for one trip. Riders can purchase it through attendants in station's Service Centers or use ticket-vending machines. One ticket allows only one rider in with validity of the same day. If riders have not used the Single Ride Card, they may refund it at the same day at the same station.[66]

From its opening until 1 June 2017, Chengdu Metro used a fare system based on station counts.[67] With a 2 hour grace period in the subway system.[68] In October 2016, Chengdu Metro held public meeting for price changing issues and set new pricing plans.[69]

From 2 June 2017, Chengdu Metro starts new fare system based on distance.[70]

Distance (km) Distance to next price level (km) Total Price (CNY )
0~4 4 ¥2
4~8 4 ¥3
8~12 4 ¥4
12~18 6 ¥5
18~24 6 ¥6
24~32 8 ¥7
32~40 8 ¥8
40~50 10 ¥9
When the trip is longer than 50km, each additional 20 km requires another ¥1
Each rider has a 3 hour grace period in the system.

Reloadable IC cards[edit]

The Tianfutong Pass is a reloadable IC Card accepted by the Chengdu Metro.[71] Normal Tianfutong Passes provide 10% discounts. Student Tianfutong Passes provide 50% discounts. Senior Tianfutong Passes have special discounts depending on time of use.[72][73] Additionally, passengers can pay for single rides directly using Debit IC cards offered by participating banks.[74][75]

Train Types and Technology[edit]

The interior of a Line 7 train showing local ancient Sanxingdui/Jinsha culture.

All Chengdu Metro lines in operation run on 1,500 V DC supplied by overhead lines.[76][77][78] Trains on Lines 3, 4, 7, 10 and some of the newer Line 2 trains have a Golden Sun Bird insignia.

Type A Trains[edit]

In response to congestion and high ridership, Lines 7, 8 and 10 are equipped with higher capacity 6-car aluminum alloy Type A trains. The total length of 140 meters and width is 3 meters. All trains have a maximum operating speed of 80 km/h. The capacity of a 6-car train is 1,828 passengers with a crush load capacity of 2,488 passengers. Line 7 trains are designed and managed by CRRC Qingdao Sifang with CRRC Chengdu performing manufacturing and assembly.[79] Lines 5, 6 and 9 are equipped with even higher capacity eight car aluminum alloy Type A trains. The capacity of an eight car trainset is 2,480 passengers with a crush load capacity of 3,456 passengers.[80]

Type B Trains[edit]

Lines 1, 2, 3 and 4 use six car stainless steel Type B trains with a total length of 120 meters and width 2.8 meters. The capacity of each train set is 1,460 people with a crush load capacity of 1,880 passengers.[81] All trains have a maximum operating speed of 80 km/h. Lines 1 and 2 use CRRC Qingdao Sifang and CRRC Chengdu trains.[82] Trains on Line 3 and 4 are manufactured by CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles and CRRC Chengdu.[83] In 2008, Chengdu Metro in anticipation of the opening of Line 1, purchased and initial order of 17 six car trains sets from CRRC Qingdao Sifang.[84] In April 2011, a further order was announced for trains from CRRC for Line 2, taking the total to 59 six car sets.[85]

Light Rail Trains[edit]

Currently, only Chengdu Light Rail Line 2 is in operation. Light Rail Line 2 uses low floor light rail trains provided by domestic manufacturer CRRC. The tram system uses light rail trains, of each having 5 cars and 8 doors. Chengdu Light Rail Line R2 opened to public on 26 December 2018 and extended on 27 December 2019. It is 39.3 km long, with 35 stations (47 station when completed). In early 2020, this line is included in the latest Chengdu Metro's official system map.[86][87][88]

Other Rail Transit[edit]

High-speed intercity rail[edit]

There are also two high-speed intercity railways in Chengdu, not part of Chengdu Metro system: the Chengdu–Dujiangyan intercity railway and Chengdu–Pujiang intercity railway. They are operated by Chengdu Metropolitan Railway Company Limited, which is China's first joint venture between a local government and China's national rail operator. The city and the Ministry of Railways worked together in building high-speed intercity rail lines.[89]

Network Map[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 中國新聞网 (18 December 2020). "成都地铁新开5条线 运营里程558公里".
  2. ^ 中國新聞网 (18 December 2020). "成都地铁新开5条线 运营里程558公里".
  3. ^ a b 成都地铁运营 (2 February 2019). 成都地铁2018年绿色出行报告. 搜狐 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  4. ^ 严丹 (6 March 2021). 成都地铁单日乘次首破600万!. 中国网 (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  5. ^ a b c "地铁"新7线"陆续开始"跑磨合"". 四川省交通运输厅 (Sichuan Transport Department).
  6. ^ "年末成都轨道交通运营里程将达557.8公里".
  7. ^ 中國新聞网 (18 December 2020). "成都地铁新开5条线 运营里程558公里".
  8. ^ a b http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2010-09/27/content_11355596.htm, China Daily, 2010-09-27
  9. ^ "2020年成都轨道交通在建15个项目 建设里程约389公里" (in Chinese). 四川新闻网. 13 February 2020.
  10. ^ "地铁"新7线"陆续开始"跑磨合"". 四川省交通运输厅 (Sichuan Transport Department).
  11. ^ a b "成都市城市轨道交通第四期建设规划全面启动 未来5年再建8个地铁新项目-新闻-上海证券报·中国证券网". news.cnstock.com. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  12. ^ "成都地铁5号线、10号线竣工验收!创下国内多个"首次"". 28 November 2019.
  13. ^ "成都"东进"首条主动脉 18号线一二期首开段竣工验收".
  14. ^ Huang Zhiling and Bao Xinyan, Work begins on new metro schemes, China Daily, 2005-12-29
  15. ^ Chengdu Municipal Government, Subway to Adopt Natural Ventilation Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved on 2007-03-13
  16. ^ 成都地铁2号线今日正式开通试运营. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  17. ^ a b 成都地铁梦想到现实的记忆切片. www.honglian88.com. Archived from the original on 11 August 2018. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  18. ^ 四川在线 - 总工于波缺席首发 给1号线打90分. sichuan.scol.com.cn. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  19. ^ 天府"地铁总站"占了地宫两层[图]_新闻频道. news.sohu.com. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  20. ^ 成都地铁1号线最迟明年6月全面开建(图)_网易新闻. news.163.com. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  21. ^ 成都开通我国西部地区首条地铁 (in Chinese). Xinhua News. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  22. ^ 成都地铁二号线一期工程本月16日开通试运营 (in Chinese). Sichuan Online. 13 September 2012. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
  23. ^ "Archived copy" 成都市城市快速轨道交通建设规划(2005-2015)调整方案通过批准. www.ndrc.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 11 August 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ 成都进入地铁时代 市民体验1号线开通试运营 (in Chinese). Sichuan Online. 24 August 2010. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
  25. ^ 成都地铁4号线获发改委批复 10月正式开建 (in Chinese). Sichuan Online. 22 July 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  26. ^ 成都地铁3号线一期工程获批 最高时速80公里 (in Chinese). 华西都市报. 27 April 2012. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  27. ^ 成都地铁1号线南延线获国家发改委批复 (in Chinese). 四川新闻网. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  28. ^ 成都地铁3号线一期获批 明日开工设15站点 (in Chinese). 新华网四川频道. 27 April 2012. Archived from the original on 23 May 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  29. ^ http://news.chengdu.cn/2015/0725/1710253.shtml
  30. ^ "Archived copy" 成都市城市轨道交通近期建设规划(2013~2020年)通过批准. www.ndrc.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 11 August 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ 成都地铁10号线一期启动建设 2号线东延线10月有望开通试运营_本网原创_四川新闻_四川在线. sichuan.scol.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  32. ^ 成都地铁5号线开建 北起新都南至天府新区2019年开通 -四川新闻-四川新闻网. scnews.newssc.org. Archived from the original on 18 July 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  33. ^ "国内设计时速最快 成都轨道交通18号线首台盾构机始发" (in Chinese). 四川新闻网. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  34. ^ "Archived copy" 成都地铁4号线二期正式开通试运营,移动电子支付系统即日起用于全线网 (in Chinese). Chengdu Metro. 2 June 2017. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. ^ 通车!地铁10号线一期今天试运营 "最成都号"上线首发 (in Chinese). 163.com news Sichuan. 6 September 2017. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  36. ^ 成都地铁7号线正式开通试运营 (in Chinese). Sichuan Online. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  37. ^ 成都地铁1号线三期今日9点开通试运营 (in Chinese). Sichuan Online. 18 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  38. ^ 双流新都居民喜提成都地铁3号线二三期:晚上都可以去逛春熙路了 (in Chinese). Sina Sichuan. 26 December 2018. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  39. ^ ""妈妈再也不用担心我'打不到方向'了"!".
  40. ^ "明日 成都轨道交通三线齐开". 26 December 2019.
  41. ^ "成都轨道交通18号线首开段实现空载".
  42. ^ 成都商报 (严丹 闫宇恒). "成都地铁6号线三期工程轨行区全面转入列车动车调试阶段".
  43. ^ 成都商报 (7 August 2020). "6号线、8号线、9号线、17号线、18号线 这些地铁线路今年开通". Sichuan Online.
  44. ^ a b 中國新聞网 (18 December 2020). "成都地铁新开5条线 运营里程558公里".
  45. ^ "Archived copy" 关于成都市城市轨道交通第三期建设规划(2016~2020年)的批复(发改基础〔2016〕1493号). www.ndrc.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 22 June 2019. Retrieved 19 August 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  46. ^ 网易. 成都地铁8号线一期9号线一期10号线二期正式开工_网易新闻. news.163.com. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  47. ^ 成都地铁18号线一期工程昨日正式开工-Chengdu Municipal Development and Reform Commission. www.cddrc.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  48. ^ "成都地铁17号线一期开建 预计2020年通车" (in Chinese). 网易. 28 February 2017. Archived from the original on 8 May 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  49. ^ "厉害!成都首条无人驾驶地铁要来了!全自动无人驾驶列车亮相!".
  50. ^ "中国西部首条全自动无人驾驶地铁线路——成都轨道交通9号线全线"洞通"".
  51. ^ "成都地铁17号线一期全线车站封顶" (in Chinese). 成都市温江区人民政府. 7 August 2019.
  52. ^ "成都地铁9号线一期工程长轨通" (in Chinese). 中国中铁. 24 January 2020. Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  53. ^ a b "8号线一期全线"轨通"!还有其他在建线路最新进展!".
  54. ^ "即将开启空载调试、空载试运行 成都地铁9号线、17号线离开通也近了!".
  55. ^ "成都地铁17号线列车有家啦!五桐庙停车场主体工程完工".
  56. ^ "成都地铁6号线一二期工程"通电"啦".
  57. ^ 新浪网 (12 August 2020). "成都地铁8号线建设最新进展".
  58. ^ "国家发展改革委关于成都市城市轨道交通第四期建设规划(2019-2024年)的批复". 17 June 2019. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  59. ^ "刚刚!成都地铁8号线二期、27号一期、30号线一期三线开建!_四川在线". sichuan.scol.com.cn. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  60. ^ "喜!成都地铁30号线龙泉段开始放线 龙泉驿设置4个站点".
  61. ^ 2020年 成都市轨道交通运营网总规模约291公里 (in Chinese). Sichuan Online. 9 November 2012. Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  62. ^ 成都地铁加速成网今年13条线同时在建_新闻资讯_新闻首页_成都全搜索. news.chengdu.cn. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
  63. ^ "关于成都轨道交通18号线三期工程环境影响报告书的批复". 21 June 2019.
  64. ^ "成都轨道交通18号线三期工程首次环境影响评价信息公开". 9 December 2019.
  65. ^ "正在公示!成都轨道交通线网规划拟优化,首次出现D字头编号".
  66. ^ "单程票" (in Chinese). 成都地铁 Chengdu Metro. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  67. ^ "下月起 成都将现6元地铁票" (in Chinese). 新浪. 7 May 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  68. ^ "地铁公交免费换乘暂不实施" (in Chinese). 新浪. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
  69. ^ "成都地铁票价调整听证,八成代表赞成方案一,你会赞成吗?" (in Chinese). 四川省人民政府. 19 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  70. ^ "6月2日起成都地铁票价改里程计价 起步价4公里2元". 腾讯. 四川新闻客户端. 27 May 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  71. ^ "天府通" (in Chinese). 成都天府通 Chengdu Tianfutong. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  72. ^ "天府通持卡乘车须知" (in Chinese). 成都地铁 Chengdu Metro. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  73. ^ "天府通" (in Chinese). 成都天府通 Chengdu Tianfutong. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  74. ^ "长城华西银行" (in Chinese). 长城华西银行. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  75. ^ "金融IC卡" (in Chinese). 成都地铁 Chengdu Metro. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  76. ^ 成都地铁1号线南延线接触网成功送电 (in Chinese). 中国中铁. 16 December 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  77. ^ 成都地铁3号线延长线19个站点公布 南起双流北通新都 (in Chinese). Sichuan Online. 13 January 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  78. ^ 成都地铁4号线二期工程全线接触网"电通" (in Chinese). 成都地铁. 10 December 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  79. ^ 成都地铁7号线列车下线 315天刷新"成都速度". sc.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  80. ^ 北京报道, □记者 王璐 (27 December 2019). "成都最长地铁建成通车在即". tech.sina.com.cn. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  81. ^ "最成都"地铁车成功试跑 取名"天府神韵"(图) -四川新闻-四川新闻网. scnews.newssc.org. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  82. ^ 明年2月 成都市民将坐上"成都造"地铁. news.chengdu.cn. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  83. ^ 成都地铁4号线二期车辆有望10月全部交付使用_四川新闻_蓉城聚焦_四川在线. sichuan.scol.com.cn. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  84. ^ 网易. 来了!地铁列车开到成都了(图)_网易新闻. news.163.com. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  85. ^ "Chengdu Metro orders more cars". 7 April 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
  86. ^ 成都头条. "成都地铁线路图更新,你家在哪条新线附近". 新浪网.
  87. ^ 成都地铁规划建设. "官方发布的成都地铁2020年线网图,快来围观".
  88. ^ "成都地铁线路图".
  89. ^ 全国首家地铁合资公司9月10日将在成都诞生 (in Chinese). Chengdu Post. 4 September 2010. Archived from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2010.

External links[edit]