Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

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Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
Chengdu (- Shuangliu) (CTU - ZUUU) AN2201186.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Sichuan Province Airport Group Co., Ltd.
Serves Chengdu
Location Shuangliu-Wuhou
Hub for Air China
Chengdu Airlines
Sichuan Airlines
Elevation AMSL 495 m / 1,624 ft
Coordinates 30°34′42″N 103°56′49″E / 30.57833°N 103.94694°E / 30.57833; 103.94694Coordinates: 30°34′42″N 103°56′49″E / 30.57833°N 103.94694°E / 30.57833; 103.94694
Website www.cdairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
CTU is located in Sichuan
CTU
CTU
Location in Sichuan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02R/20L 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02L/20R 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 42,239,458
Cargo (tons) 556,552
Aircraft movements 293,643
Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
Simplified Chinese 成都双流国际机场
Traditional Chinese 成都雙流國際機場

Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport (IATA: CTUICAO: ZUUU) is the major international airport serving Chengdu, the capital of China's Sichuan Province. Located about 16 kilometres (10 mi) southwest of downtown Chengdu to the north of Shuangliu District, Shuangliu airport is an important aviation hub to Western China. Shuangliu Airport is one of the two core hubs for Air China, together with Beijing, as well as the main hub and headquarters for Sichuan Airlines and Chengdu Airlines. China Eastern Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Lucky Air and Tibet Airlines also have bases at Shuangliu Airport.

Shuangliu Airport handled 42.2 million passengers in 2015. It was among world's top 30 busiest airport in 2015, the fourth-busiest in mainland China, and the busiest in western and central China.[1] It was also the fifth-busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic in China for 2013.

Overview[edit]

History[edit]

The airport, formerly named Shuangguisi Airport, opened as an auxiliary military airfield in 1938 during the Second Sino-Japanese War/World War II. At the time, its runway was only large enough for small biplanes. It was also where the Republic of China Air Force Polikarpov I-15 fighters of the 5th Pursuit Group were based for aerial defense of the Chengtu area against Imperial Japanese bomber raids;[2] this following the Chinese retreat from Wuhan to Chungking(now Chongqing) as the new provisional capital in aftermath of the Battle of Wuhan against the Imperial Japanese onslaught. Civilian targets were indiscriminately bombed, and ace fighter pilot of the Chinese Air Force Major Wong Sun-shui and Lieutenant Lin Heng (younger brother of renowned architect and poet Lin Huiyin) flying in their I-15 fighter planes were both killed near Shuangliu air base as a result of battling against the world's best fighter aircraft of the time, the A6M "Zero" (Reisen) fighter, in defense of Chengdu on 14 March 1941.[3][4][5][6]

During World War II, the airport was known as Shwangliu (Shuangliu) Airfield and was later used by the United States Army Air Forces Fourteenth Air Force as part of the China Defensive Campaign (1942–1945). It was used as a fighter base by the 33d Fighter Group, which flew P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bombers from the airport in 1944 to support Chinese ground forces, and also by reconnaissance units that operated camera-equipped P-38 Lightnings that located Japanese forces and provided intelligence to the fighter-bombers. The Americans closed their facilities at Shwangliu Airfield at the end of August 1945.[7][8]

On December 12, 1956, the Shuangguisi Airport was put under civil aviation, which was then formally listed as a civil aviation airport and renamed Chengdu Shuangliu Airport. In 1957, the flights of Chengdu civil aviation were shifted to Shuangliu Airport from Guanghan Airport. The flight courses from Chengdu were thus opened to various cities within China including Beijing, Taiyuan, Xi'an, Chongqing, Kunming, Guiyang, Nanchong, etc.[9] The airport went through several earlier expansions in 1959, 1967, 1983 and 1991 respectively.

Current status[edit]

A large-scale expansion was conducted on flight area and navigation area from 1994 to 2001. The runway was extended to 3,600 metres (11,811 ft) with Class 4E rating, allowing for larger jumbo jets including the Boeing 747-400. The newly built terminal building was incorporated with a three-parallel-porch design, accommodating an hourly capacity of 3,500 passengers during rush hours, while the previous terminal building was only designated for regional flights within Sichuan and Chongqing.[citation needed]

The airport is now an international civil airport with flights to more than 50 international destinations and over 170 domestic airports, and is a hub for Chengdu Airlines, Air China and Sichuan Airlines. It is linked to downtown Chengdu by the Airport Expressway, the Chengdu–Mianyang/E'meishan High-speed Railway and the newly built Chengdu Metro line 10 which has stations in both terminals.[10]

The construction of its second runway started from late 2008, and service commenced in December 2009. The completed new runway, 3,600 metres (11,811 ft) in length and 60 metres (197 ft) in width, upgraded the previous flight area rating from 4E to 4F, capable of handling the Airbus A380.[11] The new Terminal 2 has started construction in June 2009; trial operations began on July 28, 2012 with limited airlines and was officially opened on August 9, 2012 for all domestic airlines other than Sichuan Airlines. T1 is split into Domestic and International wings, and retained all international flights from airlines within and outside China. The new terminal is twice the size of the current T1, and allows the airport to handle up to 50 million passengers annually.

Prior to 2014, the airport had no nonstop flights to the United States. Passengers traveling from Chengdu to the United States had to connect at Beijing–Capital and/or Shanghai–Pudong, and it would take two or more stops to travel to many U.S. cities. This shortcoming in service at Chengdu was resolved on June 9, 2014, as United Airlines began operating a nonstop service from San Francisco to Chengdu.[12] Service to the US has since expanded, as Hainan Airlines now offers nonstop service from Chengdu to Los Angeles[13] and will begin nonstop service to New York (JFK) in October 2017.[14]

Terminal assignments[edit]

Terminal Airline(s)
1 International (Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan) Flights, Sichuan Airlines
2 Domestic flights (except Sichuan Airlines)

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Air Chang'an Xi'an
Air China Aksu, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Colombo, Dali, Daocheng, Dongying, Frankfurt, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hami, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Hongyuan, Huizhou, Jinan, Jiuzhaigou, Karamay, Kashgar, Kathmandu, Korla, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Linfen, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Qamdo, Qingdao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shantou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore, Sydney, Taiyuan, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xichang, Xining, Yangon, Yantai, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Yulin, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian
Air Macau Macau
Air Mauritius Mauritius
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Bangkok Airways Charter: Koh Samui
Beijing Capital Airlines Guangzhou, Hangzhou,[15] Lijiang, Madrid,[15] Qingdao, Sanya
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Baotou, Beihai, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Harbin, Jinan, Jinchang, Jinggangshan, Jining, Jiuzhaigou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Liuzhou, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xichang, Xingyi, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yinchuan, Zhangye, Zhengzhou, Zhongwei, Zhuhai, Zunyi
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Anqing,[16] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changzhou, Dali, Dalian, Daocheng, Diqing, Fukuoka, Fuzhou[17], Golmud, Guangzhou, Guilin, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hiroshima, Jeju, Jinan,[18] Jiuzhaigou, Kangding, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Mangshi, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shantou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xichang, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yancheng, Yantai, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yushu, Zhuhai
China Eastern Airlines operated by Shanghai Airlines Huangshan, Shanghai–Hongqiao
China Express Airlines Bijie, Guiyang
China Southern Airlines Baotou, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Dalian, Daqing, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Jinan, Karamay, Korla, Nanning, Nanyang, Ningbo, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shantou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Yantai, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Beijing–Nanyuan, Ordos, Shijiazhuang
Donghai Airlines Nantong, Zhengzhou
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa[19]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Far Eastern Air Transport Kaohsiung
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali
GX Airlines Nanning
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Jiuzhaigou, Los Angeles,[20] New York–JFK,[21] Sanya, Shenzhen, Urumqi
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Jetstar Pacific Charter: Phu Quoc
Juneyao Airlines Chizhou, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong
KLM Amsterdam
Kunming Airlines Kunming, Lijiang, Nanchang
Lao Airlines Luang Prabang
Lion Air Charter: Denpasar/Bali
Loong Air Dalian, Hangzhou, Handan, Jinan, Kaili, Xiangyang
Lucky Air Dali, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Helsinki (begins 17 January 2018),[22] Irkutsk,[23] Jinan, Jiuzhaigou, Koh Samui, Mangshi, Kangding, Kunming, Lhasa, Lijiang, Pu'er, Saint Petersburg (begins 17 December 2017),[24] Sanya, Tengchong, Urumqi, Xingyi, Zhaotong, Zhengzhou
Maldivian Charter: Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Malé
Malindo Air Charter: Kota Kinabalu, Langkawi
Nok Air Charter: Phuket
Okay Airways Changsha, Tianjin
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Cebu,[25] Kalibo[26]
Qatar Airways Doha
Qingdao Airlines Lanzhou, Qingdao
Ruili Airlines Harbin, Kunming, Qinhuangdao, Zhangjiakou
Shandong Airlines Guilin, Jingdezhen, Jinan, Qingdao, Xiamen
Shenzhen Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Huaihua, Lijiang, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Phuket, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Wuxi
Sichuan Airlines Anshan, Auckland,[27] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai,[28] Dalian, Daocheng, Datong, Dazhou, Dongying, Dubai–International, Dunhuang, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Handan, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Jeju, Jiayuguan, Jinan, Jiuzhaigou, Kangding, Kashgar, Kathmandu, Krabi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Linyi, Longyan, Los Angeles, Malé, Mangshi, Melbourne, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nha Trang, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Phuket, Prague, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Rizhao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Taipei–Songshan, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Urumqi, Vancouver, Wanzhou, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiahe, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xichang, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Xuzhou, Yangzhou, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yichun, Zhengzhou
Charter: Saipan
SilkAir Singapore
Sky Angkor Airlines Charter: Siem Reap, Sihanoukville
Spring Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[29] Krabi,[30] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Siem Reap, Surat Thani
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang (begins 1 February 2018)[31]
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai[32]
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin
Tibet Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Harbin, Jinan, Kathmandu,[33] Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Nanjing, Nyingchi, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shigatse, Tianjin, Tongren, Wanzhou, Xining, Yushu
United Airlines San Francisco
Urumqi Air Urumqi
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang, Hanoi, Nha Trang
XiamenAir Changsha, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen

Cargo[edit]

Airport diagram
Airlines Destinations
Air China Cargo Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Novosibirsk,[34] Zhengzhou[35]
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Postal Airlines Nanjing
DHL Shanghai–Pudong
FedEx Express Anchorage, Delhi, Guangzhou
Korean Air Cargo Chennai, Hanoi, Seoul–Incheon
SF Airlines Shenzhen
Shenzhen Donghai Airlines Hong Kong, Shenzhen
UPS Airlines Almaty, Cologne/Bonn, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Warsaw–Chopin[36]
Yangtze River Express Châlons-en-Champagne, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Prague, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen

Other facilities[edit]

China Southwest Airlines once had its headquarters on the airport property.[37]

Ground transportation[edit]

Airport Bus[edit]

Airport Bus No.1, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - City Centre (Minshan Hotel, Section 2 of Renmin Road South, Metro station of Jinjiang Hotel), Single ticket:¥10.

Airport Bus No.2, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - Chengdu Railway Station (North Railway Station), Single ticket: up to¥10.

Airport Bus No.3, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - Chengdu East Railway Station (Chengdu Dong Railway Station), Single ticket:¥12.

Airport Bus No.4, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport - Century City (Chengdu Int'l Exhibition Centre), Single ticket:¥10.

Taxi[edit]

It costs about RMB 60 Yuan from Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport to city centre of Chengdu.

High-speed Train (CRH)[edit]

Passengers can take CRH train at Shuangliu Airport Railway Station (-1F of Terminal 2) to Chengdu South(Nan) Railway Station and Chengdu East(Dong) Railway Station, single tickets are about ¥11. In addition, the CRH trains at Shuangliu Airport Station are also bound for Mianyang Rail Station, Deyang Railway Station, Meishan East(Dong) Railway Station, Leshan Railway Station and Emeishan Railway Station.

Underground[edit]

Chengdu Metro Line 10 is a subway line that links Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport with Taipingyuan Station (the transfer station for Chengdu Metro Line 3 and under-construction Line 7). It opened on 6 September 2017.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ "2011年全国民航运输机场吞吐量排名表". 
  2. ^ "http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/sino-japanese-1940.htm".  External link in |title= (help)
  3. ^ 宋薇. "Chinese continue to seek justice for Japanese bombings - China - Chinadaily.com.cn". 
  4. ^ "五大隊第十七中隊 林恒". Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "Chinese biplane fighter aces - 'Buffalo' Wong Sun-Shui". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Major 'Buffalo' Wong Sun-Shui". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
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  8. ^ "Air Force History Index -- Search". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
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  10. ^ 15分钟可达双流机场 成都地铁10号线一期9月开通
  11. ^ "四川在线 - 双流机场第二跑道今年国庆节前投入使用". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
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  13. ^ http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/hainan-airlines-announces-first-ever-nonstop-routes-connecting-los-angeles-to-chengdu-and-chongqing-china-300410315.html
  14. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274174/hainan-airlines-plans-chengdu-new-york-launch-in-oct-2017/
  15. ^ a b Capital Airlines revises Madrid W16 operations
  16. ^ 终于等到你!安庆与成都首度“空中牵手”
  17. ^ 【新航线】盛夏光年 遇见福州
  18. ^ 东航山东分公司自3月26日起执行夏秋季航班计划
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  20. ^ http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/hainan-airlines-announces-first-ever-nonstop-routes-connecting-los-angeles-to-chengdu-and-chongqing-china-300410315.html
  21. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274174/hainan-airlines-plans-chengdu-new-york-launch-in-oct-2017/
  22. ^ "More routes between Europe and China: Lucky Air to commence flights at Helsinki Airport". Finavia. 24 September 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  23. ^ Liu, Jim (13 June 2017). "Lucky Air plans Irkutsk service from June 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 June 2017. 
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  25. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274245/philippine-airlines-chengdu-service-changes-from-aug-2017/
  26. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274245/philippine-airlines-chengdu-service-changes-from-aug-2017/
  27. ^ "Sichuan Airlines plans Auckland debut in June 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 20 January 2017. 
  28. ^ "Sichuan Airlines adds Chiang Rai service in Oct 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  29. ^ "Spring Airlines Continues Chengdu – Bangkok Service from April 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 5 April 2016. 
  30. ^ "Spring Airlines Adds Chengdu – Krabi Route from July 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  31. ^ https://mobile.twitter.com/AirAsia/status/927481260229791747/photo/4
  32. ^ "Thai Lion Air plans late-Sep 2017 Chiang Mai – Chengdu launch". routesonline. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  33. ^ "Tibet Airlines adds Nepal service from March 2017". Airlineroute. 6 February 2017. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  34. ^ "ABC schedule in July". AirBridge Cargo. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  35. ^ "http://www.aircargoworld.com/Air-Cargo-News/2012/01/airbridgecargo-commences-chengdu-route/124455".  External link in |title= (help)
  36. ^ "UPS Launches Express Flights to Fast-Growing Chengdu". UPS. 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2013-02-04. 
  37. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 1–7 April 1998. 57. "Shuangliu Airport, Chengdu, 610202, Sichuan, China"

External links[edit]

Media related to Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport at Wikimedia Commons