Hove in 2007
9 February 1956|
Mazvihwa near Zvishavane, Rhodesia
|Died||12 July 2015
|Occupation||poet and writer|
Chenjerai Hove (9 February 1956 – 12 July 2015) was a Zimbabwean poet, novelist and essayist who wrote in both English and Shona. "Modernist in their formal construction, but making extensive use of oral conventions, Hove's novels offer an intense examination of the psychic and social costs - to the rural population, especially, of the war of liberation in Zimbabwe." He died on 12 July 2015; he was in Norway at the time and his death has been attributed to liver failure.
The son of a local chief, Chenjerai Hove was born in Mazvihwa, near Zvishavane, Rhodesia. He attended school at Kutama College and Marist Brothers Dete, in the Hwange district of Zimbabwe. After studying in Gweru, he became a teacher and then took degrees at the University of South Africa and the University of Zimbabwe. He also worked as a journalist, and contributed to the anthology And Now the Poets Speak. A critic of the policies of the Mugabe government, he was living in exile at the time of his death as a fellow at the House of Culture in Stavanger, Norway, as part of the International Cities of Refuge Network (ICORN). Prior to this, he held visiting positions at Lewis and Clark College and Brown University; he was also once a poet-in-residence in Miami. Chenjerai Hove's work was translated into several languages (including Japanese, German, and Dutch). He won several awards over the course of his career, including the 1989 Noma Award for Publishing in Africa.
Chenjerai Hove published numerous novels, poetry anthologies and collections of essays and reflections. His publications include:
- And Now the Poets Speak (co-editor; poetry), 1981
- Up In Arms (poetry), Harare: Zimbabwe Publishing House, 1982
- Red Hills of Home (poetry), 1984; Gweru: Mambo Press, 1985.
- Bones (novel), Harare: Baobab Books, 1988; Heineman International AWS, 1989. ISBN 0-435-90576-7
- Shadows (novel), Harare: Baobab Books, 1991; Heinemann International Literature and Textbooks, 1992. ISBN 0-435-90591-0
- Shebeen Tales: Messages from Harare (journalistic essays), Harare: Baobab Books/London: Serif, 1994
- Rainbows in the Dust (poetry), 1997
- Guardians of the Soil (cultural reflections by Zimbabwe's elders), 1997. ISBN 0-908311-88-5
- Ancestors (novel), 1997. ISBN 0-330-34490-0
- Desperately Seeking Europe (co-author; essays on European identity), 2003
- Palaver Finish, essays on politics and life in Zimbabwe, 2003
- Blind Moon (poetry), 2004. ISBN 1-77922-019-7
- The Keys of Ramb (children's story), 2004
Honours and awards
- 1983 Special Commendations for the Noma Award for Publishing in Africa, for Up in Arms
- 1984 Inaugural President, Zimbabwe Writers Union
- 1988 Winner, Zimbabwe Literary Award, for Bones
- 1989 Winner, Noma Award for Publishing In Africa, for Bones
- 1990 Founding Board Member, Zimbabwe Human Rights Association (Zimrights)
- 1991–94 Writer-in-Residence, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe
- 1994 Visiting Professor, Lewis and Clark College, Portland, Oregon, USA
- 1995 Guest Writer, Yorkshire and Humberside Arts and Leeds University, UK
- 1996 Guest Writer, Heinrich Böll Foundation, Germany
- 1998 Second Prize, Zimbabwe Literary Award, for Ancestors
- 2001 German-Africa Prize for literary contribution to freedom of expression
- 2007-08 International Writers Project Fellow, Brown University
- "Chenjeral Hove of Zimbabwean Struggles Dies at 59". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
- Osita Ezeliora (2008). "Hove, Chenjerai". In R. Victoria Arana. The Facts on File Companion to World Poetry: 1900 to the Present. Infobase Publishing. pp. 217–8. ISBN 978-1-4381-0837-7. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- Dominic Head (2006). The Cambridge Guide to Literature in English. Cambridge University Press. p. 536. ISBN 978-0-521-83179-6. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Chenjerai Hove dies". Zbc.co.zw. 12 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
- "Exiled writer Chenjerai Hove dies". Nehanda Radio. 12 July 2015. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
- Adewale Maja-Pearce, ed. (1990). The Heinemann Book of African Poetry in English. Heinemann. p. 220. ISBN 0-435-91323-9.
- "The Noma Award For Publishing In Africa" Archived February 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.