Chenopodium fremontii

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Chenopodium fremontii
Budd's flora of the Canadian Prairie Provinces (1987) (20232160418).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Amaranthaceae
Genus: Chenopodium
Species: C. fremontii
Binomial name
Chenopodium fremontii
S.Wats.

Chenopodium fremontii is a species of flowering plant in the amaranth family known by the common name Frémont's goosefoot. Both the species' specific epithet, and the common name derive from the 19th century western pioneer John C. Frémont.[1]

It is native to much of the western half of North America from Canada through California to Mexico.[2] It grows in many types of habitat from open desert, to shady forest, at 700–3,100 metres (2,300–10,200 ft).[3]

Description[edit]

Chenopodium fremontii is an annual herb growing an erect stem up to 50 to 80 centimeters in maximum height. It is powdery in texture, especially on the leaves and flowers. The leaves are up to 4 centimeters long, oval to triangular, and generally with a few lobes.[3]

The inflorescence is a spike of several clusters of tightly-packed tiny flowers. Each flower has five lobes and coats the developing fruit. It flowers from June to October.[3]

Uses[edit]

Many Native American tribes utilize this plant for food, the greens as a vegetable and the seeds as grain for bread and porridge.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael L. Charters. "Botanical Names: F". California Plant Names: Latin and Greek Meanings and Derivations. Sierra Madre, CA. Retrieved September 24, 2009. 
  2. ^ USDA-profile
  3. ^ a b c Jepson treatment
  4. ^ Univ.Michigan: Ethnobotany

External links[edit]