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Chen River and the residential on the river bank in Chenzhou City
Chen River and the residential on the river bank in Chenzhou City
Chenzhou's administrative area in Hunan
Chenzhou's administrative area in Hunan
Chenzhou is located in Hunan
Location of the city center in Hunan
Coordinates (Chenzhou municipal government): 25°46′12″N 113°00′58″E / 25.770°N 113.016°E / 25.770; 113.016Coordinates: 25°46′12″N 113°00′58″E / 25.770°N 113.016°E / 25.770; 113.016
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Municipal seatBeihu District
 • Prefecture-level city19,317 km2 (7,458 sq mi)
 • Urban
580.00 km2 (223.94 sq mi)
 • Prefecture-level city4,559,600
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
 • Urban
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
Area code(s)0735
ISO 3166 codeCN-HN-10
License plate prefixes湘L
GDP(2015)CNY 201.21 billion

Chenzhou (Chinese: 郴州; pinyin: Chēnzhōu) is a prefecture-level city located in the south of Hunan province, China, bordering the provinces of Jiangxi to the east and Guangdong to the south. Its administrative area covers 19,317 square kilometres (7,458 sq mi), 9.2% of the provincial area, and its total population reached 4,559,600 in 2001, 26% of them living in urban areas, 74% of them live in rural areas.[2]


Chenzhou is a historical city dating back from the Qin Dynasty. The area was historically named Guiyang (simplified Chinese: 桂阳; traditional Chinese: 桂陽; pinyin: Guìyáng) before being renamed to the current name in the year 735 during the Tang Dynasty. The Chinese character 郴, meaning "City in the Forest", uniquely refers to only the area. Known to be popular among the literacy circle of the Tang courts, poets such as Wang Changling, Du Fu, Han Yu, Liu Yuxi and Qin Guan have visited and wrote poems to the natural beauty of the area.

According to Jung Chang and Jon Halliday in their book Mao: The Unknown Story, Chenzhou, along with neighboring Leiyang was razed in 1928 by troops under the command of Zhu De, who was following directives which originated in Moscow and passed on by higher officials of the Communist Party of China. The strategy was to leave large numbers of peasants with no option but to join communist uprisings.[citation needed]

Chenzhou was the site of a large investigation when its municipal government and party committee, led by Secretary Li Dalun, was charged on multiple counts of corruption in June 2006.[citation needed]


Chenzhou is situated at the juncture of Hunan and Guangdong provinces at the foot of Qitianling Hill of the Nanling Mountain Range. Places of interest, natural scenic spots, ancient relics and buildings make for over 100 tourism spots in the city. The major ones are the Suxian Hill, the Wanhuayan, the Dongjiang Lake, and the Wugai Mountain Hunting Field.


Chenzhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa), with four distinct seasons. Spring is subject to heavy rainfall, while the summers are long, hot, and humid with lesser rainfall, and autumn is comfortable and rather dry. Winter is rather brief, but cold snaps occur with temperatures occasionally dropping below freezing, and while not heavy, rain can be frequent.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map including Chenzhou (labeled as (Walled) CH'EN HSIEN 郴縣) (AMS, 1954)
  • Beihu District (北湖区), 815 km2 (315 sq mi). Population: 300,000 (2003).
  • Suxian District (苏仙区), 1,342 km2 (518 sq mi). Population: 249,900
  • Zixing City (资兴市) 2,716 km2 (1,049 sq mi). Population: 360,000
  • Guiyang County (桂阳县), 2,954 km2 (1,141 sq mi). Population: 790,000
  • Yongxing County (永兴县), 1,979 km2 (764 sq mi). Population: 630,000
  • Yizhang County (宜章县), 2,086 km2 (805 sq mi). Population: 560,000
  • Jiahe County (嘉禾县), 696 km2 (269 sq mi). Population: 340,000
  • Linwu County (临武县), 1,375 km2 (531 sq mi). Population: 310,000
  • Rucheng County (汝城县), 2,424 km2 (936 sq mi). Population: 360,000
  • Guidong County (桂东县), 1,453 km2 (561 sq mi). Population: 170,000
  • Anren County (安仁县), 1,461 km2 (564 sq mi). Population: 390,000


Major deposits of tungsten, bismuth and molybdenum make Chenzhou a production base for non-ferrous metals.

Notable people[edit]


The current CPC Party Secretary of Chenzhou is Yi Pengfei and the current Mayor is Liu Zhiren.


The areas of interest in Chenzhou include: Wanhua Rock (万华岩), Wugai Mountain Hunting Field, Suxian Hill and Dongjiang Lake.


  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 68. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ (in Chinese) Demographics of Chenzhou Archived May 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Official website of Chenzhou Government, August 28, 2007.
  3. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 20 October 2018.

External links[edit]